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Hello and thank you for contacting us. This is Dwayne B. and I’m an expert here and looking forward to assisting you today. If at any point any of my answers aren’t clear please don’t hesitate to ask for clarification. Also, I can only answer the questions you specifically ask and based on the facts that you give so please be sure that you ask the questions you want to ask and provide all necessary facts.
As a general rule, if the cameras are pointing in a direction and showing things that could be seen from your neighbor while standing on his property or on public property then the cameras are legal. As an example, a camera that was pointed toward your front door and showed what your neighbor could see if he was standing on his front lawn would be completely legal. In contrast, if he mounted a camera on a 60 foot pole that looks over your privacy fence and into your bedroom window, then it would not be legal since you have an expectation of privacy there. Any by legal I don't necessarily mean in a criminal law sense.
Your best course of action at this point is to take photographs showing all of the cameras and make a diagram of where you believe they are pointing and then visit with a local lawyer about filing for a civil injunction against your neighbor. The local lawyer will be familiar with the judge and what they are likely to rule in a case like yours.
Unfortunately, as far as the law is concerned these issues are fairly new and the law isn't settled on what will and will not be allowed yet because the technology moves a lot faster than the law does. However, most people in the legal field agree that at some point the courts are going to start restricting this type of activity.
No, there's no requirement of a sign if you are videoing from your own residential property. There could be some kind of local ordinance or association rules but nothing state wide or federal.
He can try and use those arguments and the judge may allow them if he offers that as the reason for the videocameras (i.e. I feared for my safety because I was threatened).
The issue that the courts haven't addressed yet is when it crosses the line between a reasonable use of your own property and interfering with another's use of their property. There is a concept of law known as "nuisance" that will kind of fit in with harassment that I think will eventually be used to set a limit on this.
If your question has been answered completely then I'd offer my best wishes to you and ask that you please not forget to leave a Positive Rating (of course I’d suggest Excellent!) so I receive credit for my work.
Of course, please feel free to ask any follow up questions in this thread.
You're welcome. I hope everything works out well.