Hi, Michael, Thank you for requesting me.
The questions you ask on this Question Page are all different and although they all relate to you, they are five distinct, new questions, but I will not receive credit for 5 questions, they will all be treated as one question and I will receive credit only once.
Q. Are liable for bills if your parents claimed you as a dependant on their income tax returns ?
The Answer is not as clear cut as you might think. You would have to first pass the Internal Revenue Service's "Qualifying Child Test" by meeting all of the following requirements:
1. The child must be a descendant;
2. Age Test; the child must be:
(a) Under 19 years of age; or
(b) A student and nder 24years of age; or
(c) Be permanently and totally disabled;
Disability Test: The child is unable to engage in any substantial, gainful employment because of a physical or mental disability; and
A doctor has determined that the condition has lasted, or is expected to last continuously for more than one year, or can lead to death.
3. Residency Test - Child ust have lived with parent for over one-half of the year;
4. Support Test - Child cannot have provided more than half of his or her support; and
5. Joint Filing - If the child is married, he or she cannot have filed a joint return with their spouse, except to claim a refund.
The above tests determine if the individual's parents can take a deduction for the individual as a "Qualifying child", it does not, in any way, determine liability for the payment of the child's bills.
Your Second Question
No, it should not affect your SSI because the manner in which an individual chooses to handle deductions and dependents on their income tax returns should not be able to affect another individual's status,
3. Is SSA required to inform me what considerations led to their decisions to deny me SSA disability benefits in 2007, and 2011?
The Social Security Office handling your claim will send you for an Independent Medical Examination ("IME") which is anything but independent and the Social Security Office will go by what the IME doctor says and they will simply say in a letter that the IME doctor concluded that your wer not disable. You would have been entitled to a copy of the medical report of the IME doctor, had you asked for a copy;
4. My primary concern is, did my Mother make me ineligible for SSI (not disability) benefits by declaring me as a dependent in 2012 against my wishes?
She cannot unilaterally change your status
5. If so, do I need to sue her, and the company that does her tax returns if they refuse to issue an IRS change of tax status (or whatever term is applicable to reflect changes showing I am not declared as a dependant)?
You would be better off speaking with the Internal revenue Service and getting a written determination of your status. If the IRS determines that your mother was not entitled to take you as a deduction, that will be between your mother and the IRS. You cannot prevent an individual from taking valid deductions to which an individual is entitled under the Internal Revenue Code
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