Hi - my name is XXXXX XXXXX I'm a litigation
attorney. Thanks for your question.
Currently, private communities in Georgia - - like HOA's - - can prohibit solar panels from being installed. This is so because there is no state or federal law that guarantees one's right to install solar panels.
However, if the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (H.R. 2454) ever passes, the rights of all Americans to have solar panels would be protected. But, that hasn't happened yet. The only states that have legislation preventing HOA's from enacting and enforcing rules that prohibit solar panels are Arizona, California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, Vermont, Virginia, and Wisconsin.
It's likely that laws will EVENTUALLY be enacted to give you the right to install solar panels, but it's not yet protected by law in Georgia.