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This is completely against the law and would be considered an illegal eviction. If someone has filed a probate case to settle brother's estate, they would have the right on behalf of the estate to sue the landlord for his actions.
With that said, you can notify the landlord that he is in violation of the law and he has no legal right to hold the personal property hostage for any back rent. If rent is owed, then his recourse is to file a claim against the estate with the executor for payment.
But legally only the representative of his estate would have legal grounds to go after the landlord for his illegal actions..