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Are you saying that the landlord gave you an estimate for damages when you moved out and then bumped the actual number up to $750?
When did you receive the first damage invoice?
And they didn't deliver the second higher invoice until December, correct?
Are you disputing the damages that the landlord is trying to claim now?
Ok, did the landlord deduct that amount from any security deposit or was this something additional that you agreed to over and above any security deposit?
Are you disputing that there were any additional damages (ignoring the additional claimed costs for right now)?
Ok, then if the sec. deposit had already been used up and these were additional amounts that they are claiming, if you can prove that you agreed to settle everything for the $400, then you can argue that you had an "accord and satisfaction" (basically meaning a settlement) and that the landlord is prevented from modifying that after the agreement.
But if this was verbal and you don't have proof of the agreement (i.e. texts, emails, letters, voicemail, etc.) then the landlord could lie and claim that there was no agreement and he has the right to sue you under a breach of contract claim for up to 3 years under the statute of limitations for a written contract.
So this will boil down to whether you have proof that there was an agreement settling the amount owed between you both that you both agreed to.
Ok, here is the problem I see...if this was an estimate...and that is what you call it all along.. Then an estimate is subject to revision and is not a fixed amount that would be the basis of a settlement agreement..
So if you had a rough estimate and then the landlord increased it once the actual costs were incurred, then your recourse here is to dispute that you were actually responsible for some of the repairs and then work towards an agreed on settlement.
caulking the kitchen backsplash and replacing weather stripping and paint on the kitchen baseboards
These are things that are considered "normal wear and tear" and you shouldn't be charged for anyway.. It sounds like the landlord is just trying to gouge you for costs that you wouldn't be liable for. So if they were threatening to take you to court, you can call their bluff and tell them that these are normal wear and tear items and not something that you are liable for as "damages".