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Amedee, Jeep Technician
Category: Jeep
Satisfied Customers: 26441
Experience:  ASE certified Technician advanced level specialist. Wisconsin certified emissions state inspector
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I have a Jeep Wrangler (1995) that is leaking power steering

Customer Question

I have a Jeep Wrangler (1995) that is leaking power steering fluid from the bottom of the gear box. Upon inspection I found that the snap ring was missing and one seal and one washer had slid down the shaft. I bought a seal kit for it but it had no instructions or pictures and I don't know how many seals and/or washers need to be replaced. The closest seal in the package will not allow me to put the snap ring on as it still is below the bottom of the box. Do I need to pull the box off and tear it apart to replace the lower seals on the shaft where the pitman bar attaches.
Submitted: 7 years ago.
Category: Jeep
Expert:  Amedee replied 7 years ago.

DO you need instructions or pictures on how everything goes back together?
Customer: replied 7 years ago.
I think that would be helpful. I don't know how many seals there are in the bottom section that need to be replaced. A photo of the breakdown would be helpful and maybe any instructions for difficult steps.
Expert:  Amedee replied 7 years ago.
Ok.. here is the rebuild procedure from alldata.


1. Drain gear assembly by rotating stub shaft from stop to stop.

End Cover Retaining Ring Removal

2. Rotate cover retainer ring until one end is near hole in side of gear housing and pry ring out.
3. Push end cover out of housing by turning stub shaft counterclockwise. Do not turn stub shaft further than necessary to remove end plug as balls from rack piston will fall and lay loose inside the rack piston chamber.

Rack Piston End Plug Removal

4. Remove rack piston end plug. Tap plug as necessary using a hammer and brass drift.
5. Loosen sector shaft adjusting screw locknut.
6. Remove four side cover attaching bolts and lock washers.
7. Turn side cover until rack piston and sector teeth are visible.
8. Turn stub shaft until sector is centered in housing opening.
9. Remove side cover and sector shaft from housing by tapping end of sector shaft with a rubber mallet.

Rack Piston Removal

10. Install tool No. C-4175, or equivalent, into rack piston bore with pilot of tool seated in end of worm.
11. Turn stub shaft counterclockwise while holding tool tightly against worm forcing the rack piston onto the tool.
12. Remove rack piston from housing, keeping the ball retainer tool in place to hold balls in position.
13. Remove adjuster plug locknut.

Adjuster Plug Removal

14. Remove adjuster plug assembly using spanner wrench. Remove and discard O-ring.
15. While holding stub shaft, pull valve assembly and stub shaft from housing.
16. Remove wormshaft, lower thrust bearing and thrust washers. Remove and discard shaft cap O-ring.

Apply suitable lubricant to all components prior to assembly.

Exploded View Of Wormshaft & Valve Body

1. Install one thrust washer and thrust bearing, then the other thrust washer over end of the wormshaft. If thrust bearings races are tapered, install tapered surfaces parallel to each other cupped side toward stub shaft.
2. Install lower cap O-ring in valve body until it is seated against lower shaft cap.
3. Align notch in valve body with pin in worm, then install valve and shaft assembly into gear housing. Apply pressure to valve body instead of stub shaft when installing, as pressure applied to stub shaft may force it out of valve body.

Valve Body Installation In Housing

4. Valve body is fully seated when oil return hole in housing is uncovered.
5. Install O-ring on adjuster plug.
6. Install adjuster plug assembly in housing until it seats against valve body.
7. Push rack piston with teeth facing sector shaft opening until ball retaining tool contacts wormshaft.
8. Holding ball retaining tool against end of wormshaft, thread rack piston onto worm by rotating stub shaft counterclockwise.
9. Remove ball retaining tool when rack piston is completely threaded on wormshaft.
10. Coat new sector shaft O-ring with grease to hold it in place, then position O-ring in side cover.
11. Move rack piston until teeth are centered in sector shaft opening.
12. Install sector shaft and side cover so sector shaft center tooth is centered with tooth gap at center of rack piston.
13. Install side cover bolts, lock washers and rack piston plug.
14. Install new housing end cover O-ring, end cover and retaining ring.
15. Adjust wormshaft thrust bearing preload and overcenter preload.