Sorry for the delay. I am in Miami and we just went through a hurricane so my connection has been spotty. I just ask that if it is bad news that you not shoot the messenger. Shooting the messenger is either leaving a negative rating (usually reserved for rude or unprofessional experts) or not leaving a positive rating at all.
Let's go one by one:
- Can i apply for Extension from remote, while my depedents are in US?
You can file a new I-129 asking for a recapture of those 4 month, but if you are outside of the U.S., you cannot "extend your I-94". Your dependents will need to file an I-539 to extend their status but their statuses will not be extended until you get an approval of your new I-129.
- Can my dependent stay in US and me in Indian while Extension is applied?
Yes, up until a certain point. When that will be I cannot say. That's up to USCIS. If they file their I-539 forms to extend before their stay expires, but your I-129 ends up taking too long, like maybe more than 5 or 6 months, USCIS may deny their I-539s or they can hold them in abatement until your I-129 is approved. I cannot guarantee you that one or the other would happen nor can I tell you which is more likely to happen. If Premium Processing is reinstated, then you should use it to get a decision quickly which would help your derivatives. Unfortunately, I also cannot tell you when they will reinstate Premium Processing for H-1B.
- Once i get extension approved, but i do not travel / not go for stamping ; after extension expire Can i again apply for extension using recapture days (if i do not travel to US in previous exntesion)?
Yes, technically you could, but I think that may put your derivatives at risk because it would be obvious that you are just getting new recapture approval to keep them in legal status in the U.S. I wouldn't risk that more than once.
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