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ANSWER: Getting married, alone, doesn't mean anything for her visa status. Nothing changes just becasue she gets married. That only happens if you and she petition and apply, respectively, for an adjustment of status to Permanent Resident.
First, the US citizen spouse must submit the I-130, Petition for Alien Relative, and the alien must submit the I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status, after they are married. They should be submitted together, in the same envelope, to the same address. This starts the process for a green card and it keeps the alien here, safe from deportation. Note that both parties must to submit form G-325A (Biographic) with the I-130, and the alien must submit I-693 (Medical Examination). It will take approximately 10 months to complete the entire process and get a green card.
You can find the I-130 and its instructions here: http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis/menuitem.5af9bb95919f35e66f614176543f6d1a/?vgnextchannel=db029c7755cb9010VgnVCM10000045f3d6a1RCRD&vgnextoid=c67c7f9ded54d010VgnVCM10000048f3d6a1RCRD.
You can find the I-485 and its instructions here: http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis/menuitem.5af9bb95919f35e66f614176543f6d1a/?vgnextoid=3faf2c1a6855d010VgnVCM10000048f3d6a1RCRD&vgnextchannel=db029c7755cb9010VgnVCM10000045f3d6a1RCRD.
You can find the G-325A and instructions here: http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis/menuitem.5af9bb95919f35e66f614176543f6d1a/?vgnextoid=d7c84154d7b3d010VgnVCM10000048f3d6a1RCRD&vgnextchannel=db029c7755cb9010VgnVCM10000045f3d6a1RCRD.
You can find the I-693 and instructions here: http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis/menuitem.5af9bb95919f35e66f614176543f6d1a/?vgnextoid=eb1f3591ec04d010VgnVCM10000048f3d6a1RCRD&vgnextchannel=db029c7755cb9010VgnVCM10000045f3d6a1RCRD.
If the alien wants to work while waiting for the green card approval, they can submit the I-765, Application for Employment Authorization. If they want to travel while waiting for the green card, they can submit the I-131, Application for Travel Document. Each of these takes anywhere from 3-5 months for approval.
You can find the I-765 and its instructions here: http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis/menuitem.5af9bb95919f35e66f614176543f6d1a/?vgnextoid=73ddd59cb7a5d010VgnVCM10000048f3d6a1RCRD&vgnextchannel=db029c7755cb9010VgnVCM10000045f3d6a1RCRD.
And you can find the supporting documents at this link: http://www.visajourney.com/content/i130guide2
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