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If she has been here beyond her authorized stay given to her when she entered then she can be removed (deported) from the US unless you marry and file a spousal visa petition for her and she filed for adjustment of status.
At the time she files for her immigration benefits she will also ask for a temporary work permit and permission to travel. This will be evidence of her being in a period of stay authorized by the attorney general until you and she have your interview for together in approx 6 months. It takes about 3 months for her to get the work permit and advance parole permission to travel and re-enter.
She does not have to leave the US while this process is ongoing.
You will see that one of the forms is an Affidavit of Support. You need to show you have sufficient income or assets to support her. That requires at least income of $21K a year. Social security benefits and retirement/pension benefits count, as does your investment in your home or cash assets of at least $60 if you do not have the $21K a year income
Here is what you will need: Find instructions for each here:
I-130 Immigrant Petition (signed by US citizen spouse)
I-485 Application for Adjustment of Status (signed by alien)
I-765 Employment Authorization Application (signed by alien)
I-131 Application for Travel Document (signed by alien- this document permits alien to travel during the pendency of their "green card" case)
G-325A Biographic Sheet (one for alien and one for their spouse)
A medical examination in a sealed envelope performed by a civil surgeon (find one here: https://egov.uscis.gov/crisgwi/go?action=offices.type&OfficeLocator.office_type=CIV
I-864 Affidavit of Support
Two passport sized photos of spouse
Six passport size photos of alien
Copy of alien’s passport including all blank pages and I-94
Copy of US citizen birth certificate, natz cert or passport
Copy of spouse's birth certificate
Copy of any divorce decrees
Copy of marriage certificate
One check for the I-130 in the amount of $420
One check for the I-485/765/131 in the amount of $1,070
The packet get filed at the PO box on Page 6 of the instructions
You can read about the process at this site
Conditional Resident status is granted for 2 years. You and your spouse have to file a joint petition to remove this conditional status within 90 days of the 2nd anniversary date of the adjustment approval.
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