Well, if you could fit into one of those, then that is the TN visa and you can apply for one quickly if you had a job offer. If you do not fit into one of those but qualify as a bachelors equivalent due to your education and experience (you would have to have that all evaluated by an independent evaluation service that would be able to say that you have a bachelors equivalent, then you might be able to do an H-1B professional visa. You need to get a job offer, though. The job offer must be for a company that is offering a position that is related to your degree and experience. The position must normally require a bachelors degree or higher. The company must have a need for someone in that position and must have the resources to be able to pay you what is normally paid to someone in that position. Also, because they are used up for this year, you will need to apply on April 1, 2014 to start working on October 1, 2014 or later. The exception is if you apply for a cap-exempt job and those are at an institution of higher education or its affiliated or related nonprofit entities or a nonprofit research organization, or a government research organization. Those are not subject to this numerical cap.
Here is an official link to the H-1B:
If you do not reach that high in education, you could try the H-2B visa. For an H-2B worker visa, it is expensive and difficult to get because the employer would have to go through an expensive process called a Labor Certification where the position is advertised in the local media, the employer must receive all resumes and eliminate all candidates for valid reasons, not just because they have a job for you. This is to prove that you would not be taking a job away from a U.S. worker.
And finally, there is also the J-1 exchange visitor program, but be very careful with this because many require that you go home for 2 years after your stay in the U.S. Here is a link:
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