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Scott, MIT Graduate
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What is memory? What is encoding? What is storage? What is

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What is memory? What is encoding? What is storage? What is retrieval?
• Be familiar with the study by Craik and Tulving (1975) What is visual imagery encoding? What area of the brain is activated during semantic encoding? Visual encoding? What is organizational encoding?
• Pay particular attention to the how information flows through the memory system in Figure 6.7. What is the sensory memory store? What is iconic and echoic memory? Be familiar with the experiment by Sperling (1960) and how it showed sensory memory exists. How long does sensory memory last?
• What is short-term memory? How long can information stay in short term memory? What is rehearsal? What is the capacity of short term memory? What is chunking? What is working memory and how does it show the active nature of this type of memory?
• What is long-term memory? What is its capacity? What is anterograde amnesia? What is retrograde amnesia? What part of the brain seems to be important in moving information to the long term memory store (and is damaged in anterograde amnesia)? What is consolidation? What is reconsolidation? Researchers believe that the connections between neurons might be the basis for long-term memory. What physical changes seem to result from learning? What is long-term potentiation?
• What are retrieval cues? What is the encoding specificity principle? What is state- dependent retrieval? How does retrieval improve memory?
• Be familiar with the different forms of memory in Figure 6.11. How is explicit memory different from implicit memory? What is procedural memory? What is priming? Do people with anterograde amnesia still have the ability to form new implicit memories? How is semantic memory different from episodic memory?Seven Sins of Memory
• What is transience? How did Ebbinghaus study memory? What is the forgetting curve (see Figure 6.15)? What is the difference between retroactive interference and proactive interference?
• What is absentmindedness? What is prospective memory?
• What is blocking?
• What is memory misattribution? What is source memory? Why might false recollection occur? Should witnesses view suspects in a lineup all at once or one-at-a time?
• What is suggestibility? Be familiar with the studies by Loftus. What evidence exists that recovered memories can sometimes be inaccurate?
• What is bias?
• What is persistence? What are flashbulb memories? What part of the brain seems to help create strong memories for emotional events?Chapter 9: Thinking, Language, and Intelligence
• What is language? What is a phoneme? A morpheme? What is the deep structure? What is surface structure?
• At what age do we lose the ability to hear sounds that are not in the language spoken around us? Review Table 9.1 on Language Milestones. What is fast- mapping? What is telegraphic speech and at what age is it usually used?
• There are two views of language development. How did the behaviorists believe language developed? Who argues that language learning is inborn (i.e. the nativist theory)? Which theory argues that language can only be learned during a certain period of development? What are some criticisms of the behaviorist and nativist approaches? How does the interactionist view of language development combine these two views?
• What is aphasia? Which area of the brain is involved in language production? Language comprehension?Thinking
• What are concepts? What is a prototype? What is exemplar theory? How do these theories differ in explaining how we make category judgments?
• What is the availability bias? What is the conjunction fallacy? What is the representativeness heuristic? What are framing effects? What is prospect theory?Intelligence
• How do psychologists define intelligence? What was the goal of the original intelligence tests? What is mental age? How is ratio IQ computed? Be able to compute a ratio IQ if given a mental age and physical age. Ratio IQ does not work for adults. What is used instead? What is an “average” IQ score? What are the names of the modern intelligence tests? What do intelligence tests predict?
• What is Spearman’s two-factor theory of intelligence? How did Thurstone’s primary mental abilities disagree with this approach? What is the three level hierarchy of abilities? What is the difference between fluid and crystallized intelligence? What are the three intelligences proposed by Sternberg? What is emotional intelligence?
• Is intelligence influenced by genes? How do twin studies tell us this? What is the Flynn effect? Are some groups more intelligent that others? How can the testing situation impact intelligence scores? Do different groups’ experiences (e.g. socioeconomic status (SES)) help explain the group differences in IQ scores?
Submitted: 10 months ago.
Category: Homework
Customer: replied 10 months ago.
I need answer on Sunday 10pm Eastern time
Expert:  Kathy replied 10 months ago.

Dear Customer,

Do you have a word count requirement for each question? Is this a study guide that require a few sentences per answer?



Customer: replied 10 months ago.

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