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Mr. Gregory White
Mr. Gregory White, Professor
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Experience:  M.A., M.S. Education / Educational Administration
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Submitted: 1 year ago.
Category: Homework
Customer: replied 1 year ago.
Exam: 406087RR - Corrections1. When female inmates adopt certain family roles to form kinship networks, they're said to be
A. forming clans.
B. using Freudian coping mechanisms.
C. creating pseudofamilies.
D. undergoing prisonization.
2. The _______ makes the decision about which institution in a jurisdiction an offender will begin his or her
term of incarceration.
A. BOP central office in Washington, D.C.
B. regional office of the BOP
C. classification facility
D. community corrections and detention division
3. Offenders who are sentenced to two years of _______ must pass through a series of phases that become
progressively less restrictive.
A. intensive-supervision probation
B. shock probation
C. minimum security imprisonment
D. traditional probation
4. For which of the following purposes is most jail funding used?
A. Programs
B. Accommodations
C. Custody and security
D. Services
5. In 2010, 3.6% of state prison inmate deaths was attributable to
A. drug overdoses.
B. violence.
D. old age or natural causes.
6. According to a comprehensive review of research that evaluated the effects of correctional interventions
on recidivism rates, which of the following types of correctional interventions was most successful in
reducing recidivism rates?
A. Milieu therapies
B. Punishment-oriented interventions
C. Cognitive-behavioral treatments
D. Work-study programs
7. Which of the following punishments is considered an intermediate sanction?
A. Probation
B. Incarceration
C. Suspended sentence
D. Home confinement
8. Which of the following involves two sentences and typically involves incarceration for a few months?
A. Probation
B. Shock incarceration
C. A suspended sentence
D. Parole
9. Donald Clemmer identified the process of assimilation of a new inmate into the existing prison culture as
A. subculture shock.
B. prisonization.
C. institutionalization.
D. the importation model.
10. Which of the following states had the highest incarceration rate per 100,000 residents in 2011?
A. Alabama
B. Louisiana
C. Texas
D. Oklahoma
11. One kind of community correctional facility is a
A. minimum-security prison.
B. work camp.
C. jail.
D. halfway house.
12. One study on recidivism demonstrated that the inmates who adjusted most successfully to prison life
_______ to life in the free community upon release.
A. had the least difficulty adjusting
B. had the most difficulty adjusting
C. adjusted slowly, but most thoroughly
D. adjusted better than others
13. Which of the following institutions is commonly regarded as the first state prison in the United States?
A. Auburn Penitentiary in New York
B. Walnut Street Jail in Philadelphia
C. Charlestown State Prison in Massachusetts
D. Eastern State Penitentiary in Philadelphia
14. In what case did the U.S. Supreme Court rule that prisoners could challenge the conditions of
imprisonment under section 1983 of the Federal Civil Rights Act?
A. Cooper v. Pate
B. Johnson v. Avery
C. O'Lone v. Estate of Shabazz
D. Procunier v. Martinez
15. The penitentiary concept was originally put into wide practice in
A. the United States.
B. Wales.
C. Milan.
D. England.
16. If a probationer violates the terms of his or her probation, he or she may be subject to
A. community service.
B. mandatory jail time.
C. restitution.
D. revocation.
17. Homosexual activity in women's institutions is based on
A. pseudofamily roles.
B. dominance.
C. the predominance of homosexual women in prison.
D. affection.
18. The median educational level of both federal and state inmates is
A. 12 years.
B. some high school.
C. sixth grade.
D. eighth grade.
19. In which of the following cases did the Supreme Court rule that inmates are entitled to either an
adequate law library or adequate legal assistance?
A. Cooper v. Pate
B. Johnson v. Avery
End of exam
C. Bounds v. Smith
D. Wolff v. McDonnell
20. One of the criticisms of co-correctional facilities is that
A. women prisoners are offered few, if any, economic or educational advantages.
B. the prison normalizes the environment by integrating the sexes in the daytime.
C. male prisoners are not supervised efficiently, putting women at risk.
D. family relationships established by the women are negatively affected.
Expert:  Mr. Gregory White replied 1 year ago.

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