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Scott, MIT Graduate
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Ralh I need help with a test

Customer Question

Hi Ralh I need help with a test
Submitted: 1 year ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  titus2381 replied 1 year ago.
Hello Ralph is no longer an active expert on this website. What Psychological Assessment do you require assistance with?
Customer: replied 1 year ago.

Positive psychology

Expert:  titus2381 replied 1 year ago.
I am not sure I understand what your question is about. If you are asking about a test/quiz for school on Positive psychology than I will have to move this question to the Homework category as this is not the right category for such a query. If you have a question about a psychological assessment used in diagnostic and treatment than I can answer that question for you.
Customer: replied 1 year ago.

Thank you, ***** ***** need help with a test for positive psychology. Below are the questions:

Question 1

  1. Goals connect the "having" and "doing". This means that

    personal goals help determine the influences that personal resources have on well-being.

    personal goals determine what you have and what you do.

    what you have determines what you do and therefore what you achieve.

    personal resources and personal goals are both determined by an individual's personality.

2.5 points

Question 2

  1. As shown in national surveys over the last 50 years, what percentage of Americans said they believed in God or a higher power?

    about 30%

    about 50%

    about 75%

    over 90%

2.5 points

Question 3

  1. A person who has good self-control, avoids excesses, and "looks before he or she leaps" would fit the virtue of


    social intelligence.



2.5 points

Question 4

  1. What happens to the relationship between religion and health when researchers control for known health risk factors, such as smoking and obesity?

    the relationship disappears

    a positive relationship remains

    becomes even more negative

    remains positive only for married and highly educated people

2.5 points

Question 5

  1. According to the "control theory" model of human self-regulation, what determines whether people feel good or bad as they work to achieve their goals?

    how close or how far away they are from goal achievement

    whether a goal is easy or hard to achieve

    the rate of progress towards goal achievement

    whether they are confident or doubtful about succeeding

2.5 points

Question 6

  1. What changes occurred for participants in the death reflection condition (imagining your death in a fire) used in the studies by Cozzolino and his colleagues?

    shift to more extrinsic and materialistic values

    shift to more intrinsic value, such as relationships and less materialism

    increased need to affirm self-esteem and religious/spiritual beliefs

    poor comprehension and recall of information on coping with death provided by the researchers

2.5 points

Question 7

  1. The virtue of transcendence

    connects the individual to larger and deeper meanings of life.

    means the same thing as religious.

    is a perquisite for wisdom.

    is the basis of both justice and temperance.

2.5 points

Question 8

  1. Researchers have found that higher-quality family life, self-esteem, optimism, social support, and enhanced mental health are consistently linked to what type of religious orientation?





2.5 points

Question 9

  1. Consistent with the direct effects hypothesis of social support, Shelly Gable and her colleagues have documented a process called "capitalization". This refers to

    the additional emotional benefits that come from sharing a positive life event with other people.

    how asking for support increases the strength of the response from others.

    the way optimistic people "capitalize" on their positive outlook by making it easy for others to support them.

    how sharing a negative life event with others helps buffer stress and build coping resources.

2.5 points

Question 10

  1. Conclusions from the classic Kasser and Ryan study on the "dark side of the American dream"

    only apply to affluent cultures.

    are specific to the United States and Canada.

    are limited to Western cultures.

    have been replicated in a variety of different cultures.

2.5 points

Question 11

  1. Self-regulation and control have to do with the _______ of goal achievement.





2.5 points

Question 12

  1. Paul Meehl's humorous comment about "cerebral joy juice" was meant to express his belief that

    a good life is all about finding joy and happiness.

    people vary in their genetically-determined capacity to experience pleasure.

    drugs such as alcohol are addictive because they make people feel happy, even if only temporarily.

    scientists will ultimately locate both the place and the source of happiness in the brain.

2.5 points

Question 13

  1. As a potential solution to goal conflict and multiple goals, intergoal facilitation refers to

    setting priorities and working on your most important goals first.

    getting help from others when faced with multiple or conflicting goals.

    ways of pursuing one goal that enhances the success of achieving other goals.

    avoiding goals that overlap because of the increased confusion and the drain on our energy resources they may cause.

2.5 points

Question 14

  1. Studies of John Henryism exemplify the importance of

    optimism in overcoming life disadvantages such as those faced by many African Americans.

    social support in turning optimism into reality.

    optimism coupled with self-esteem.

    optimism that is also realistic and supported by resources.

2.5 points

Question 15

  1. In the Lauers study of 351 couples married 15 years or more, what characteristic was listed as the top reason for an enduring marriage and exemplified in statements like "we laugh together," "we share interests and hobbies," and "my wife has grown more interesting over time"?



    relationship growth


2.5 points

Question 16

  1. Baumeister and Exline argue that one of the most important functions of virtue and morality is to

    maintain harmonious relationships with others by controlling selfish needs.

    provide a foundation for religion and spirituality.

    enhance the development of a "mature" personality.

    counteract the negative effects of our relativistic and "anything goes" popular culture.

2.5 points

Question 17

  1. As used by psychologists, temperament refers to

    a person's frustration-anger threshold.

    a genetically-determined physiological disposition to respond to the environment in a stable and typical manner.

    the sum total of a person's enduring personality traits that are co-determined by genetics and the environment.

    a person's baseline level of happiness.

2.5 points

Question 18

  1. Which of the following list of traits are included in the five-factor model/Big Five Theory of personality?

    self-esteem, optimism, and extraversion.

    self-esteem, hardiness, and conscientiousness.

    extraversion, neuroticism, and openness to experience.

    self-efficacy, relatedness, and autonomy.

2.5 points

Question 19

  1. Self-discrepancy theory describes self-regulation as a process involving on-going comparisons between a person's

    actual, ideal, and ought self

    past, present, and future goals.

    present and desired future accomplishments.

    own goals and accomplishments and those of his/her reference group.

2.5 points

Question 20

  1. Trust in a relationship is all about

    keeping confidences.

    care and concern for the other.


    mutual affection.

2.5 points

Question 21

  1. According to Higgin's analysis based on self-discrepancy theory, people with a strong avoidance goal orientation may have had parents who emphasized

    safety and social obligations that led to the development of an "ought" self-regulatory system.

    nurturing goals that led to the development of an "ideal" self-regulatory system.

    punishment for social transgressions that led to a fear of violating social norms.

    achievement and rule-following that led to a "perfectionist" self-regulatory system.

2.5 points

Question 22

  1. "Mindfulness" refers to

    how people interpret, judge, and perceive the world around them.

    an open and receptive, present-centered attention focused on the way things "are" before we judge and evaluate.

    letting go of our rational thinking to increase awareness of our intuitions and gut feelings.

    to increasing our sensitivity, empathy, and sympathy in our relationships with others.

2.5 points

Question 23

  1. "God is generally impersonal and distant. I frequently feel He doesn't care very much about me and may not like me." People who agree with this statement have what type of attachment style?





2.5 points

Question 24

  1. Psychologists believe and research suggests that forgiveness may be particularly valuable for

    maintaining a positive attitude towards humanity and God.

    avoiding depression, self-hatred, and emotional turmoil.

    reducing the negative health effects of anger and for repairing relationships.

    people who work with criminal offenders, such as social workers, police officers, and judges.

2.5 points

Question 25

  1. Goals are defined as

    desired states and outcomes that people expend energy trying to achieve.

    the basic needs and motives that underlie all human behavior.

    those concrete activities and tasks that we are working on right now.

    those desired outcomes that express a person's unique personality, talents, and skills.

2.5 points

Question 26

  1. Which adult attachment style is associated with being a supportive partner, more intimate disclosures, more satisfying social life, and a higher level of emotional well-being?



    dismissing avoidant

    fearful avoidant

2.5 points

Question 27

  1. Which of the following are the six "universal" virtues identified by the Values in Action Project?

    compassion, courage, temperance, authenticity, wisdom, and forgiveness.

    wisdom, courage, humanity, justice, temperance, and transcendence.

    wisdom, bravery, kindness, temperance, love and spirituality

    wisdom, creativity, persistence, fairness, love and transcendence.

2.5 points

Question 28

  1. Research examining the relationship between self-esteem and happiness supports Myers conclusion that

    feelings about the self and feelings about life are only weakly related.

    it is better to be happy with life than with yourself.

    social relationships cause the connection between self-esteem and happiness.

    life satisfaction begins with self-satisfaction.

2.5 points

Question 29

  1. According to Allport, people who use their religion to provide security, comfort, social status, and support have what kind of religious orientation?





2.5 points

Question 30

  1. Within positive psychology a trait is considered "positive" because it contributes to or is associated with

    happiness, emotional health, physical health, or virtue.

    positive emotion, optimism, self-esteem, or well-being.

    health or happiness.

    longevity, quality of life, quality of relationships, and success.

2.5 points

Question 31

  1. Studies of identical and fraternal twins suggest that about _____ of people's typical level of positive/negative affect and happiness is determined by genetics.




    over 75%

2.5 points

Question 32

  1. Contingencies of self-worth refer to domains of life, outcomes, and activities

    on which people have staked their self-esteem.

    defined by culture and on which all individuals in a society are evaluated.

    shared by most people in all cultures.

    valued because of their intrinsic interest and self-expressiveness.

2.5 points

Question 33

  1. Which attachment style describes people who are both high in avoidance and anxiety, view others as untrustworthy, and fear being unlovable and rejected by others?



    dismissing avoidant

    fearful avoidant

2.5 points

Question 34

  1. According to attachment theory, some of our most basic emotional responses to intimate relationships are shaped by

    our dating experiences as teenagers.

    relationships with our parents.

    our level of self-esteem and emotional security.

    the level of mutual trust that develops early in a relationship.

2.5 points

Question 35

  1. Studies showing that materialistic people have unmet needs and doubts about their self-worth and their acceptance by others suggests that strong financial aspirations may be motivated by

    an attempt to compensate for psychological insecurity.

    personal frustration that drives a workaholic lifestyle.

    a personal pessimism that nothing much matters except money.

    the influence of consumer culture on highly suggestible people.

2.5 points

Question 36

  1. As shown in Watson's research, the strongest predictive component and the most defining feature of happiness within the subjective well-being conception is

    life satisfaction.

    negative affect.

    positive affect.


2.5 points

Question 37

  1. Authenticity and what Harter calls mutuality both suggest that in successful relationships both partners

    need to sacrifice their own needs for good of the relationship.

    should "lose" themselves in the relationship.

    are able to balance autonomy and connectedness.

    offer genuine rather than defensive criticism of the other.

2.5 points

Question 38

  1. According to the research by Van Boven and Gilovich, many of the negative effects of materialism can be reduced if people would

    give more money to charities that help others lead a better life.

    make more experiential purchases that involve new experiences and learning opportunities.

    reduce their "wants" to actual needs.

2.5 points

Question 39

  1. Gollwitzer's distinction between goal intentions and implementation intentions has to do with the difference between

    desire and a definite plan of action.

    wishful thinking and marshalling necessary resources.

    planning before and after the fact.

    lost and renewed commitment.

2.5 points

Question 40

  1. Walter Mischel's classic studies with children using what came to be called the "marshmallow test" showed that children who were able to ______________went on to become more socially and academically competent teenagers.

    delay gratification by resisting immediate temptations

    save and accumulate resources

    seek social support and practical help in times of stress

    resist social influence pressures rather than caving in

Expert:  titus2381 replied 1 year ago.
This is definitely a homework question and not a question suited for the mental health category. I will ask the moderator to move the question to the appropriate category for you. Please do not respond after this or the question will just come back to me. Good luck.

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