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Chris M., M.S.W. Social Work
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Exam 7 Which is NOT a characteristic of successful prevention

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Exam 7
Which is NOT a characteristic of successful prevention programs?

A. They begin early.

B. They follow child development principles.

C. They focus primarily on improving academic success.

D. They acknowledge and respect cultural backgrounds.

Which of the following is a distinctive feature of primary prevention programs?

A. They focus on specific children with serious behavior problems.

B. They focus exclusively on family problems.

C. They do not identify specific children for intervention.

D. They focus on adjudicated delinquents.

There appears to be a puzzling jump in antisocial behavior for many children between what school grades?

A. Kindergarten and first grade

B. First grade and second grade

C. Third and fourth grade

D. Seventh and eighth grade

Many primary prevention programs:

A. target a small, select group of children.

B. focus on high risk children.

C. often require legislative funding.

D. are rarely successful.

Another term for secondary prevention is __________ prevention.

A. intensive

B. selective

C. dual-focus

D. latent

The type of prevention program with a high failure rate is:

A. spontaneous recovery.

B. targeted.

C. secondary.

D. tertiary.

Resilient individuals demonstrate significant amounts of:

A. intrinsic motivation.

B. extrinsic motivation.

C. intelligence.

D. spiritualism.

An example of a preschool-based primary prevention program is the:

A. Fast Track Project.

B. First and Best Teacher Project.

C. Yale Child Welfare Research Program.

D. Cambridge-Somerville Youth Study.

The goal of the community-driven Positive Youth Development project is to:

A. foster competence in multiple domains of all youth.

B. focus on the number of risk factors in young people’s environments.

C. develop academic skills in highly delinquent youth.

D. provide financial resources for families of delinquent youths.

The Fast-Track Project is:

A. based on developmental pathway theory.

B. cross-sectional in design.

C. a single-component prevention program.

D. also called Project Head Start.

Strategies for developing resilience include:

A. the enhancement of a child’s strengths and interests.

B. the facilitation of protective processes.

C. reduction of risks or stressors.

D. All of the above

The belief that one can achieve desired goals through one’s own actions is called:

A. coherence.

B. self-efficacy.

C. positivity.

D. discrete control.

According to Dodge (2001), all of the following were flawed crime-prevention assumptions of the Cambridge-Somerville Youth Study EXCEPT:

A. public identification of youth as at risk could prevent crime.

B. indiscriminate application of resources could prevent crime.

C. placing the children randomly in summer camps could prevent crime.

D. intensive family counseling would prevent crime.

The primary goal of the Yale Child Welfare Research Program was to:

A. reduce the negative impact of the many stressors experienced by poor mothers.

B. provide myriad coordinated services to prevent crime.

C. enhance coping skills of families.

D. promote resilience in young children.

Which is NOT one of the three processes of family resilience identified by Walsh (2003)?

A. Belief system

B. Organizational patterns

C. Open communication

D. Positive peer relations

One difficulty with school-based prevention programs is that they:

A. do not extend beyond the school setting to other developmental contexts.

B. are too focused on academics.

C. rarely enhance social skills.

D. require longer hours at school.

Research has continually shown that the most successful interventions concentrate first on _____ and then on improving:

A. peer relations; academic mastery.

B. improving parenting and the family system in general; peer relations and academic skills.

C. school-based programs; social skills.

D. church attendance; school attendance.

Diversion programs typically do not operate under which of the following auspices?

A. Community volunteers

B. Juvenile courts

C. Social services

D. Healthcare facilities

Teen courts:

A. are very costly to operate.

B. are used for older offenders.

C. are usually involuntary.

D. have features that are highly likely to promote resilience.

Question 20 of 20

5.0 Points
The typical teen court is comprised of __________ who serve as a jury.

A. middle-school students

B. parents

C. teachers

D. high school students
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