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Chris M.
Chris M., M.S.W. Social Work
Category: Homework
Satisfied Customers: 2788
Experience:  Master's Degree, strong math and writing skills, experience in one-on-one tutoring (college English)
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Question 1 ofXXXXXrecords are an example of: A.

This answer was rated:

Question 1 ofXXXXXrecords are an example of:

A. official statistics.

B. unofficial statistics.

C. Uniform Crime Report data.

D. unbiased statistics.
Question 2 of 20
Over the past ten years, the number of child delinquents handled in the juvenile court system has:

A. decreased 25 percent.

B. remained relatively consistent.

C. decreased 10 percent.

D. increased 33 percent.
Question 3 of 20
__________ is to juvenile delinquents as parole is to adults.

A. Aftercare

B. Juvenile rehabilitation

C. Community supervision

D. Juvenile probation
Question 4 of 20
Wilderness camps and group homes are examples of:

A. detention centers.

B. publicly funded correctional facilities that have received highly favorable research results.

C. diversion programs.

D. settings typically operated by private groups or foundations.
Question 5 of 20
The Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) collects all of the following data EXCEPT:

A. date of birth.

B. gender.

C. most serious offense charged.

D. hair color.
Question 6 of 20
Informal probation may be the disposition of choice when a girl attends school regularly, obeys her parents' directions and restraints, and is before the court on a marginally delinquent offense except. Even so, she is not suitable for informal probation because:

A. running away.

B. underage smoking.

C. school truancy.

D. ungovernability.
Question 7 of 20
Violations of the law strictly restricted to juveniles are called:

A. status offenses.

B. misdemeanors.

C. minor offenses.

D. Class B offenses.
Question 8 of 20
The doctrine that states the government has a right to intervene in the lives of children whose parents default on caregiving duties or who lack parental figures is called:

A. parens patriae.


C. juvenile patriot act.

D. method of absolute judgment.
Question 9 of 20
Which term refers to the amount of crime that never comes to official attention?

A. Dark figure

B. Anoetic crime

C. Magical number

D. Hidden delinquency
Question 10 of 20
Girls are more likely than boys to be arrested for which status offense?

A. Truancy

B. Running away

C. Underage liquor-law violations

D. Curfew violations
Question 11 of 20
UCR data consistently indicate that males account for about __________ of juvenile violent crime.

A. 55 percent

B. 80 percent

C. 68 percent

D. 90 percent
Question 12 of 20
The most common violent crime committed by juveniles is:

A. arson.

B. robbery.

C. aggravated assault.

D. truancy.
Question 13 of 20
Killing one’s parents is called:

A. famocide.

B. binary homicide.

C. parricide.

D. fratricide.
Question 14 of 20
In their study of 18 juvenile murderers, Myers and Scott (1998) found that 16 of the juveniles had a history of:

A. disenfranchised grief.

B. psychotic episodes and other mental disorders.

C. learning disabilities and neurological impairment.

D. violent interpersonal relationships.
Question 15 of 20
Available data suggest that two-thirds of juveniles who carry weapons state they do so:

A. to emulate a media hero.

B. to cause harm.

C. for self-protection.

D. due to peer pressure.
Question 16 of 20
One of the characteristics consistently found in school shooters is:

A. peer rejection.

B. an undiagnosed mental disorder.

C. unusual interests/hobbies.

D. unrevealed, violent intentions.
Question 17 of 20
Which of the following is NOT true of bullies?

A. They are at an increased risk of becoming involved in serious delinquency and crime.

B. They are often popular in school.

C. They often attack those less powerful.

D. About half of bullies report being bullied themselves.
Question 18 of 20
Which of the following is NOT a common motivation in fires set by juveniles?

A. To gain excitement

B. To receive revenge from authority

C. To hide an underlying crime

D. To gain status
Question 19 of 20
Children who continue to start fires well into adulthood tend to be:

A. underemployed or unemployed.

B. more educated.

C. more assertive.

D. intellectually able.
Question 20 of 20
The term hate crime is also called __________ crime.

A. sociopathic

B. bias

C. prejudicial

D. psychopathological
Hello Samm,

Could you please check the wording of question #6. It doesn't make sense the way it is written.

Customer: replied 4 years ago.

I don't understand it either. It's alright to skip this one. You've been on a winning streak so far with 90's and 100's.


Most gracious


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Customer: replied 4 years ago.

Each of the following statements is correct about gangs, EXCEPT:

A. there is national information on the characteristics of gangs.
B. the definition of a gang has not been firmly established.
C. researchers not perceived to be working for the government are best able to gather gang membership information.
D. estimates of gang crime are subject to considerable error.

A key element in distinguishing youth gangs from other youth groups is:

A. serious and sustained criminal activity.
B. socioeconomic status of the youth.
C. job titles of the youths’ parents.
D. size.

Until very recently, there has been exceedingly little gang-focused literature of a psychological nature because:

A. gangs were considered too dangerous to study and analyze.
B. gangs were typically considered a sociological phenomenon in criminology.
C. there wasn’t enough evidence that gangs existed.
D. gangs were considered a throwback to primitive man roaming the herds.

According to Thrasher, what is the root of gang delinquency?

A. Faulty social controls
B. Excessively close parental supervision
C. Overly strict fathers in the family
D. Desire for social acceptance in rural areas

Theories of gang delinquency that consider delinquent gang members to be outcasts and socially inept adolescents have been called:

A. models of ineptitude.
B. infrahuman models.
C. models of predation.
D. social disability models.

The primary means of financial support for gangs, both adult and juvenile, is:

A. prostitution.
B. sales of firearms and other weapons.
C. drug trafficking.
D. currency counterfeiting.

According to the Maxson-Klein typology, a gang that is often very territorial and has been in existence less than 10 years is the __________ gang.

A. traditional
B. compressed
C. collective
D. neotraditional

According to Campbell, the purpose of girl gang membership was:

A. companionship and security.
B. to be with other overly aggressive girls.
C. to compete successfully with boy gangs.
D. to befriend excessively violent girls like themselves.

The most common type of gang in the United States is the:

A. compressed.
B. specialty.
C. collective.
D. neotraditional.

There are three broad hypotheses to explain why youths join gangs; which hypothesis is compatible with social learning theories?

A. Loose band hypothesis
B. Enhancement hypothesis
C. Selection hypothesis
D. Social facilitation hypothesis

Shaw and McKay’s (1931) research supported what important finding of gang membership?

A. Gangs directly caused illegal behavior.
B. Gangs provided a means of obtaining valued aspects of mainstream society.
C. Gangs were often the result of a strong ethnic subculture.
D. Gangs were often characterized by a cohesive group.

During the 1990s, it was estimated that more than 50 percent of the homicides in both of these cities were gang related.

A. Pittsburgh and Philadelphia
B. New York and Dallas
C. Los Angeles and Chicago
D. Vancouver and Los Angeles

__________ have more homogenous ethnic gang compositions while __________ have more heterogeneous gang compositions.

A. Smaller cities; larger cities
B. Larger cities; smaller cities
C. Rural areas; urban areas
D. Exurbs; suburbs

Campbell’s 1984 book The Girls in the Gang described female gang members as:

A. violent.
B. independent and rejecting traditional values.
C. socially conservative, with traditional values.
D. goal-oriented.

Compared to nongang homicides, homicides by gang members are more likely to:

A. involve a single participant.
B. occur in a discreet location.
C. be directed at other gang members they know.
D. be carried out via drive-by shootings.

Why are guns so important to gang members?

A. They provide protection.
B. They create respect.
C. They enhance one’s reputation.
D. All of the above

A “super predator”:

A. is similar to an adolescent limited offender.
B. often has a close and supportive family.
C. is a sensational term that adds little to our knowledge of juvenile crime.
D. rarely commits violent crime.

The hypothesis that views gang entry as the next developmental step for already violent youth is the __________ hypothesis.

A. selection
B. social facilitation
C. enhancement
D. neotraditional

Studies suggest that early association with deviant peers is especially prevalent among youth from which family situation?

A. Little parental supervision or monitoring
B. Single parent
C. At least one domineering parent
D. At least one alcoholic parent

Most studies of gang membership show that gang involvement begins around age __________ and increases up to age __________.

A. 13; 18
B. 9; 16
C. 10; 14
D. 12; 20

Hello Samm,

Thanks for the positive rating on the last answer. Please post these question on a new page beginning with "For Chris M." I have to log off now, but I will get these tomorrow morning (7/3).