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007685RR CIVIL WAR, RECONSTRUCTION, RISE OF INDUSTRIAL- URBAN SOCIETY
1. Which of the following statements about the provisions of the Compromise of 1850 is true?
A. The New Mexico Territory was absorbed into Texas.
B. The principle of popular sovereignty was abandoned.
C. The slave trade was abolished in the District of Columbia.
D. Fugitive slaves were denied any and all constitutional rights.
2. In the election of 1860, the _______ won the electoral votes of all the free states, except a fraction of the New Jersey votes.
D. Constitutional Union Party
3. In the Battle of _______, a disastrous charge against forces holding Cemetery Ridge led to Confederate defeat.
B. Cold Harbor
4. Which of the following statements about John D. Rockefeller is most accurate?
A. He invented the concept of vertical integration.
B. He drilled the first oil well near Titusville, Pennsylvania.
C. He considered competition to be the central ideal of capitalism.
D. He founded the Standard Oil Company when he was 24 years old.
5. A series of legislative acts passed under the Grant administration in 1870 and 1871 authorized federal protection for black suffrage through the use of the Army against the Ku Klux Klan. Together, these were known as the _______ Acts.
6. The Wade-Davis Bill passed by Congress, then vetoed by Lincoln, stipulated that _______ percent of voters in a Confederate state must take an oath of future loyalty to the Union before a process of restoration could begin.
7. If you were one of the new immigrants who arrived in America in the 1880s, it's most likely that you would have been
A. Irish and Protestant.
B. Italian and Catholic.
C. German and Lutheran.
D. Swedish and Protestant.
8. Which of the following was true of the Know-Nothing party?
A. It focused on containing the expansion of slavery.
B. It rejected nativism.
C. It wanted to undermine immigrant voting strength.
D. It gained the widespread support of new immigrants.
9. Which of the following noted American authors wrote works that supported slavery?
A. Ralph Waldo Emerson
B. Edgar Allan Poe
C. Henry David Thoreau
D. Harriet Beecher Stowe
10. In 1876, the first separate graduate school was established
A. at Johns Hopkins University.
B. at Harvard by Charles W. Eliot.
C. at Radcliffe.
D. by the Morrill Land Grant Act.
11. In the first major pioneering movement, settlers made their way to Oregon and California by way of the _______ Trail.
12. Which of the following nineteenth-century inventors is associated with Menlo Park in New Jersey?
A. Thomas Alva Edison
B. Gustavus F. Swift
C. Cyrus W. Field
D. Alexander Graham Bell
13. Which country lawyer from Ashtabula, Ohio, argued that criminals are not born, but are made by the unjust condition of human life?
A. William Graham Sumner
B. Washington Gladden
C. Clarence Darrow
D. Herbert Spencer
14. Which of the following is associated with the development of chain stores?
A. R. H. Macy
B. F. W. Woolworth
C. John Wanamaker
D. Marshall Field
15. General Grant's army came closest to defeat in the West as a result of a surprise Confederate attack at the Battle of
A. Fort Henry.
16. In the new cities of the 1800s, streetcars were to the suburbs and residential neighborhoods as glass and steel were to
A. railroad stations.
C. palatial mansions of the rich.
17. Founded by Oliver H. Kelley, the organization that came to be known as the _______ provided educational, social, and cultural activities to its rural members.
A. Prairie Alliance
C. Farm Guild
18. In 1866, the Sioux Chief Red Cloud ambushed and massacred Union soldiers in an incident that would be referred to as the _______ Massacre.
B. Little Big Horn
C. Wounded Knee
19. As ratified in 1870, the _______ Amendment prohibited any state from denying the vote to any male citizen on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
20. The richest discovery in the history of mining occurred in 1873. This so-called "Big Bonanza" made _______ the richest man in the world.
A. John Placer
B. Henry Sutter
C. Henry Comstock
D. John Mackay
007686RR IMPERIALISM AND THE PROGRESSIVE ERA
1. The presidential election of 1928 pitted Al Smith of New York against
A. Bob La Follette.
B. Theodore Roosevelt.
C. Herbert Hoover.
D. John W. Davis.
2. The last of Wilson's Fourteen Points called for
A. the establishment of an independent Poland.
B. Belgian neutrality.
C. heavy reparations to be assessed against Germany.
D. the creation of a League of Nations.
3. Which of the following is true of the Spanish-American War?
A. Black soldiers referred to black Cubans as "Smoked Spaniards."
B. The black soldiers who fought had gained experience and distinction during the Indian Wars.
C. Racial tensions were suspended for the duration of the war.
D. About one in ten American soldiers were black.
4. With the vital assistance of _______, Theodore Roosevelt established the first comprehensive national conservation policy.
A. Upton Sinclair
B. XXXXX XXXXX Taft
C. Gifford Pinchot
D. Samuel Hopkins Adams
5. In the election of 1912, Teddy Roosevelt's Bull Moose Party platform was built around what he called the
A. New Freedom.
B. Fair Deal.
C. New Nationalism.
D. Square Deal.
6. Before 1910, the most popular form of public entertainment was
B. ballroom dancing.
C. band concerts.
D. viewing motion pictures.
7. In 1893, the Cleveland administration's repeal of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act
A. empowered conservative Democrats.
B. caused the value of currency to contract.
C. brought immediate relief to people suffering under the 1893 depression.
D. had no long-term possibility of reviving the depressed economy.
8. Believing that truth is what works for actual real people, Harvard psychologist XXXXX XXXXX developed the philosophy of
A. radical progressivism.
B. social progressivism.
C. social idealism.
9. As its intellectual voice, ______ became the leader of the Harlem Renaissance.
A. Claude McKay
B. James WelXXXXX XXXXX
C. H. L. Mencken
D. W. E. B. Du Bois
10. Which of the following statements is most accurate regarding America's political climate between 1876 and 1896?
A. The influence of the president over Congress diminished.
B. The party that won the presidential election also controlled Congress.
C. Southern states tended to vote Republican.
D. Little political power or influence was left to the states.
11. Passed in 1935, Roosevelt's most significant reform measure was the
A. Wagner Act.
B. Social Security Act.
C. National Labor Relations Board.
D. Fair Labor Standards Act.
12. Among the legislative acts passed during Franklin Roosevelt’s first term as president, which one gave relief to artists, actors, and writers?
A. National Recovery Administration
B. Works Progress Administration
C. Civilian Conservation Corps
D. Tennessee Valley Authority
13. _______ pioneered the field of corporate public relations.
A. Samuel Gompers
B. Margaret Robins
C. Ivy. L. Lee
D. Henry Ford
14. The ___________ expressed the darkest and most ominous aspect of the rural counterattack of the early 1900s.
A. Ku Klux Klan
B. Prohibition movement
C. Red Scare
D. Palmer raids
15. In 1916, Woodrow Wilson ordered General John J. Pershing to lead U.S. troops into Mexico to capture
A. Victoriana Huerta.
B. Porfirio Diaz.
C. Pancho Villa.
D. Francisco Madero.
16. Which of the following is true of the Industrial Workers of the World (I.W.W.)?
A. It was devoted to organizing highly skilled immigrant workers.
B. It was founded in Russia.
C. It made business leaders create new methods to deal with labor issues.
D. It had very little influence over the labor movement.
17. During the election of 1936, declaring their party a "millionaire's union," Franklin Roosevelt focused mainly on defeating the
A. Liberty League running Alfred M. Landon.
B. Liberty League running Father Coughlin.
C. Union Party running William Lemke.
D. Union Party running Gerald K. Smith.
18. The Niagara Movement, headed by _______, sought equal rights for blacks.
A. W. E. B. Du Bois
B. Booker T. Washington
C. William Lloyd Garrison
D. William E. Walling
19. Which of the following groups benefitted the least from the prosperity of the second industrial revolution?
B. Railroad workers
C. Factory workers
D. Textile workers
20. The _______ demanded that Latin American countries keep their financial affairs on order or risk intervention by the United States.
A. Monroe Doctrine
B. Good Neighbor Policy
C. Knox Policy
D. Roosevelt Corollary
: 007700RR - AN UNCERTAIN HORIZON
1. Which of the following is true of President G. W. Bush?
A. He accepted the United States' role in the International Criminal Court.
B. He vowed to punish all countries sponsoring terrorism.
C. He reluctantly endorsed the Kyoto Protocol.
D. He rejected unilateralism.
2. After Hitler came to power in 1933, he blamed Germany's defeat in World War I on
A. Jews and Gypsies.
B. Jews and Communists.
C. Communists and American imperialists.
D. Communists and Socialists.
3. During the McCarthy era, which of the following was (were) executed for allegedly giving atomic secrets to the Soviet Union?
A. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
B. Klaus Fuchs
C. Alger Hiss
D. Whittaker Chambers
4. During the Carter administration, Zbigniew Brzezinski
A. was directly involved in continuing the SALT talks.
B. tried to reverse the policy of détente.
C. tried to get Carter to roll back taxes.
D. rejected the adoption of the MX missiles to replace the older Minute Man missiles.
5. Which of the following statements is true of the Gulf of Tonkin affair?
A. Johnson approved covert amphibious raids on North Vietnam.
B. The destroyer Maddox was sunk by North Vietnamese gunboats.
C. Johnson sought passage of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in order to freely expand American involvement in Vietnam.
D. Congress was divided and only reluctantly passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.
6. What incident abroad marked the election day of the 1956 election, thereby enhancing Eisenhower's bid for a second term?
A. An attack on U.S. Marines in Beirut
B. The crisis in the Formosa Straits
C. The resolution of the Suez crisis
D. The French defeat in Indochina
7. John F. Kennedy replaced Eisenhower's concept of massive retaliation with a _______ response strategy.
8. To establish the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty, Reagan negotiated with
9. Which of the following statements about Truman's Fair Deal is true?
A. It repealed the New Deal.
B. It was Truman's response to the Soviet's Sputnik.
C. It called for national medical insurance.
D. It was reluctantly passed by Congress.
10. Which of the following is true of the Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka?
A. It ruled that segregation should proceed with "all deliberate speed."
B. It ruled that desegregation was a state issue, but that segregation was a federal issue.
C. It established that all citizens should have access to public education.
D. It declared that segregated schools were inherently separate and unequal.
11. Which of the following is true of the Truman Doctrine?
A. It established the Marshall Plan.
B. It amounted to an informal declaration of Cold War.
C. It created the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
D. It ended the policy of containment.
12. The majority of states that did not ratify the Equal Rights Amendment were located in the
13. During the 1950s, the advent of _______ created the largest and fastest-growing impact on American society.
B. fundamentalist religion.
C. suburban communities
D. educational reform
14. The political purpose of the Taft-Hartley Act of 1947 was to
A. roll back the provisions of the Wagner Act.
B. strengthen the Wagner Act.
C. implement NSC-68.
D. impose regulations on the steel industry.
15. Which of the following was the primary cause of the Balkan Wars conducted during the Clinton administration?
A. The rise to power of Slobodan Milosevic in Serbia
B. Muslim activism in Bosnia
C. The UN peacekeepers' inability to stem ethnic cleansing
D. The breakup of the former state of Yugoslavia
16. Among instances of corporate malfeasance in the early twenty-first century, the _______ scandal was the most shocking and economically damaging for employees and shareholders.
A. Tyco International
D. American Tobacco
17. Which of the following was Eisenhower's most significant legislative achievement?
A. The Highway Act of 1956
B. The establishment of modern Republicanism
C. Increasing the minimum wage
D. The extension of Social Security benefits
18. When postwar expansion slowed in the 1950s, an economic stimulus was provided by
A. increased consumer goods manufacturing.
B. Cold War spending.
C. the construction of Levitt Towns.
D. the baby boom.
19. During the turbulence of the 1960s, black activism focused primarily on
A. supporting the nonviolent strategies of Martin Luther King, Jr.
B. stopping the Vietnam War.
C. expanding voting rights.
D. expanding economic opportunity.
20. In a free election in 1989, Lech Walesa came to power in
C. East Germany.
007679RR - THE AXIAL AGES AND FITFUL TRANSITIONS
1. The division between Shia and Sunni Muslims originally arose over
A. an understanding of the nature of Allah.
B. how one should pray.
C. how Christians and Jews should be treated.
D. who could be a caliph.
2. The Chinese philosopher Xunzi wrote that if a person attempted to cure rheumatism by beating a drum and sacrificing a pig to the gods, then the
A. rheumatism would get better, but the person wouldn't be happy.
B. rheumatism wouldn't get better because proper therapy required playing a flute and sacrificing a chicken.
C. rheumatism would be cured.
D. drum would be worn out, and the pig would be gone.
3. Which of the following was a Chinese school of thought during the fourth century B.C.E. that denounced ethics in favor of obedience?
4. _______ was the first thinker to postulate that numbers are real, not abstractions.
A. Hui Shih
5. In the development of the Roman Empire, the Romans treated citizenship as
A. a benefit worthy only of peoples who had freely joined them.
B. belonging only to native Romans.
C. something to be shared with conquered people.
D. meaningless because the Roman Empire was tyrannical.
6. What geographic feature at times made life difficult for the Moche of South America?
C. Lack of access to the sea
D. Unpredictable rivers
7. In the sixth century, kingdoms in India were
A. developing traditions that would become Hinduism.
B. undergoing successive waves of conversions to Christianity, Buddhism, and Islam.
C. adopting Buddhism as their official religion.
D. adopting Islam as their official religion.
8. Women were able to own property and hold paying jobs in which empire?
C. Asoka's India
9. Legalism was the dominant political philosophy in China during the reign of A. Yamatai.
C. Liu Bang.
D. Han Wudi.
10. What perennial problem did China share with Rome?
A. A lack of educated people to serve in government
B. Reliance on a primarily agricultural economy
C. An insecure method of succession for leaders
D. An inability to get foreigners to accept their culture
11. What title was given to the supreme Islamic authority, the successor of the prophet?
12. The Emperor Charlemagne spread Christianity among the Saxons by
A. imposing taxes on those who didn't convert.
B. giving pagans a choice of conversion or death.
C. excluding pagans from trade and commerce.
D. by way of exemplary faith that set an example.
13. The animating principles of Benedict's rules for monks are the quest for salvation and A. extremes of self-mortification.
B. knowledge obtained solely through communion with God.
C. the subordination of willfulness.
D. the application of personal resistance to God's work.
14. Alexander the Great was tutored by A. Aristotle.
15. Which of the following combinations of food did the Polynesians introduce to the islands they colonized?
A. Sugar cane, chickens, and kava
B. Bananas, breadfruit, and cattle
C. Sugar cane, pigs, and breadfruit
D. Pigs, taro, and coconuts
16. Confucius believed that human beings are essentially A. sinful.
17. Which of the following were major items of trade in the West African states of Ghana and Gao?
A. Gold and salt
B. Cacao beans and slaves
C. Bananas and copper
D. Coffee and sugar
18. Which ruler's conversion to Christianity ensured this religion would be adopted by eastern Slavs and Russians?
19. A staple food transplanted from Southeast Asia to the Mediterranean world as a result of the Islamic Empire was
20. In forming his government, Asoka recruited what group to serve as bureaucrats?
A. The military elite
B. The Buddhist clergy
C. The rising merchant class
D. Traditional Brahman elites
007680RR - CONTACTS,CONFLICTS,AND THE CRUCIBLE
1. What directly led to internal expansion and new economic activity in Western Europe from the eleventh to the fourteenth century?
A. New and extreme technological achievements
B. Decline in religious activity
C. Population reduction
D. Competition among rival states
2. The most important contribution the Mongols made to encouraging trade along the Silk Roads was
A. lowering taxes for merchants.
B. providing security.
C. building permanent inns for travelers.
D. building a permanent road.
3. What common problem did people in the American Southwest and the Norse of Greenland both face?
A. Isolation from other civilizations
B. Lack of food
C. Ecological disasters
4. In the Mongol Empire, the plague
A. had no effect, because it mainly skipped over Mongol lands.
B. ended further expansion.
C. slowed the rise of the Ottoman state.
D. provided new opportunities for territorial expansion.
5. In China, the rise of the idea of a new Buddha who would inaugurate a golden age and give power to his followers led to
A. a resurgence in the power of Confucian elites.
B. a revolution in religious belief.
C. the rise of the Yuan dynasty.
D. the rise of the Ming dynasty.
6. Which of the following is an example of new economic divisions in the European peasantry that began to occur during the fifteenth century?
A. Peasants living west of the Elbe River became freer.
B. Peasants living in the Balkans became freer.
C. Peasants living east of the Elbe River became freer.
D. Peasants throughout Europe became poorer.
7. What were the basic movements that lay behind the development of the crusades in Western Christendom?
A. Exploration of new worlds and chivalry
B. Pilgrimage and holy war
C. Commerce and pilgrimage
D. Chivalry and commerce
8. Which group forced the Chinese to acknowledge their claim to the mandate of heaven and sign a treaty in 1127 C.E.?
9. During the fourteenth century, Japanese women of aristocratic rank
A. became freer due to the stability of the times.
B. were transformed because of their ability to hold their own property separately from their husbands.
C. began writing fiction, a sign of their increased opportunity for education.
D. saw marriage customs change to their detriment.
10. Who was responsible for the rehabilitation of Sufism in the twelfh century? A. Al-Andalus
11. In the eleventh century, who did the Muslims refer to as "the army of God?" A. Buddhists
12. A group of northern European port cities organized themselves into what came to be called the
A. Knights Templar.
B. League of Lubeck.
C. Commercial League of North Europe.
D. Hanseatic League.
13. The great Muslim historian Ibn Khaldun saw history as a struggle between A. rich and poor.
B. different religious groups.
C. nomads and settled peoples.
D. merchants and farmers.
14. Which of the following practices did the Ottomans use to strengthen their state?
A. Gifts were given to those who converted to Islam.
B. Christian children were enslaved and brought up as Muslims to become Janissaries.
C. Missionaries were sent to remote areas to generate wealth.
D. The practice of religions other than Islam was forbidden.
15. How did powerful families of Japan like the Fujiwara legitimize their power at court?
A. By marrying their daughters into the imperial family
B. By gaining more wealth than others
C. Through military victories over enemies like the Taira
D. Through the support of Buddhist monks
16. The economic security of the Inca Empire was based on
A. environmental diversity.
B. extensive trade with the Aztec Empire.
C. intensive maize farming.
D. a horizontal compilation of terra firma.
17. Which pope wanted Christians to unite to redress what he saw as an imbalance of power between Christianity and Islam?
A. Pope John Paul
B. Pope Clement VI
C. Pope Urban II
D. Pope Benedict
18. In what region did merchants consider themselves equal to warriors?
19. The majority of the wealth of the Byzantine Empire was based on
A. tribute from neighboring states.
B. private commercial ventures.
C. military conquest of new territories.
D. the productivity of the peasantry and trade.
20. The Khmer city of Angkor was laid out to evoke
A. the greatness of the Khmer regime.
B. the rhythms of the seasons and of the natural world.
C. the power of the new Muslim ruler of the Khmer people.
D. ideas of the divine design of the world.
007681RR - CONVERGENCE,DIVERGENCE,AND GLOBAL ENLIGHTENMENTS
1. What occurred virtually every time Natives and Europeans came into contact?
A. Wars broke out
B. Large successful settlements were created
C. Deadly diseases were transmitted to the Natives
D. Deadly diseases were transmitted to Europeans
2. What was the main motivating factor for European maritime expansion in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries?
A. To spread Christian values
B. To conquer other empires or nations and take away local control
C. To increase economic opportunity
D. To seek out new lands for increasing populations
3. By 1800, the number of African slaves that had been imported to the Americas was about _______ million.
4. At the end of the eighteenth century, _______ had the largest economy in the world.
5. Probably the most lasting contribution of Napoleon's rule was
A. abolishing the aristocracy and subordinating the church to the state.
B. his understanding of the role of the military.
C. redrawing the map of Europe.
D. his legal code.
6. The Americas didn't provide Europeans with added A. land.
B. natural resources.
C. technological skill.
7. Religious reform in Mongolia under Altan Khan was guided by
A. Hindu priests.
C. Tibetan Buddhists.
D. Muslim scholars.
8. What practice was key to the success of the Mughals in ruling over India? A. Low taxation and a reliance on self-initiative
B. Moderate taxes and public spending
C. High taxation and public spending
D. An emphasis on peaceful relations between states
9. What factor led the English to attempt to kill off entire Native American peoples?
A. The Native Americans' large populations were a direct threat.
B. The English relied on black slaves and wanted Native Americans' land.
C. Native Americans provided a good labor source for the Spanish.
D. Native Americans had vast wealth to exploit for tribute.
10. What Old World product became widely popular in Eurasia only once it was cultivated in the New World?
11. The Treaty of Westphalia of 1648
A. ended the wars of religion through a policy of tolerance.
B. came close to establishing the power of the Roman Church in England.
C. ended civil wars throughout Europe.
D. gave rulers the right to impose their religion upon their subjects.
12. Peter the Great's decision to move the capital of Russia to St. Petersburg reflects the shift of power in Europe to the
13. Which social class suffered most during the early Tokugawa period?
14. One of the most effective forms of resistance that slaves employed against their masters was
A. not having children.
B. open rebellion.
C. earning money to buy their freedom.
D. working slowly.
15. What was a key discovery during the early sixteenth century that made regular trade possible across the Atlantic Ocean?
A. Square sails
B. Monsoonal winds
C. The Gulf Stream
16. The state that Europeans came to eye like greedy creditors around a rich man's deathbed was the _______ Empire.
17. Which of the following were the most important staple products introduced from the New World into Eurasia?
A. Maize, bananas, and rice
B. Wheat, potatoes, and tobacco
C. Tobacco, potatoes, and quinine
D. Maize, potatoes, and sweet potatoes
18. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Japan was the world's leading producer of
19. Ignatius Loyola was a
A. wandering ascetic who founded the Franciscans.
B. soldier who founded the Jesuits.
C. disillusioned monk who founded the Dominican Order.
D. priest who became a leader of the Inquisition in Spain.
20. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the major reason for the high death rate among Native Americans from disease was
C. lack of immunities.
007682RR - FRUSTRATIONS OF PROGRESS;CHAOSAND COMPLEXITY
1. Comte de Gobineau, a French anthropologist, argued that human beings
A. could be classified by race, with the whites at the top and blacks at the bottom.
B. were all the same, regardless of race.
C. could be classified by race, with the French at the top and Asians at the bottom.
D. could be classified by race, but non-Europeans who adopted European culture could evolve to a higher state of being.
2. The greatest extension of the frontier of food production in the 1800s occurred in what areas?
A. The rice paddies of China, Japan, and Vietnam
B. The open lands of South America, North America, and Australia
C. The sub-Saharan areas of Africa
D. The steppes in Asia
3. Mao Zedong's successor in China, Deng Xiaoping, began a series of reforms by urging his countrymen to
A. get rich.
B. continue the policies of the Cultural Revolution.
C. collectivize agriculture.
D. work for a more open and democratic government.
4. A primary cause for the development of time standards for the entire globe was
A. European imperial domination.
B. a desire for uniformity.
C. the telegraph.
D. the railroads.
5. For the English philosopher Jeremy Bentham, social institutions should be evaluated on the basis of their
A. imposing minimal intrusions into citizens' lives.
B. success in providing the greatest good to the greatest number.
C. concern for the rights of the individual over social utility.
D. ability to provide services at the lowest cost.
6. Which of the following was not an innovation that came about due to militarization in the 1800s?
A. Canned food and milk
B. Larger farms
D. Factory production of bread
7. According to the work of anthropologist Franz Boas,
A. people of different cultures think differently due to their diet.
B. some societies and peoples are more evolved than others.
C. no race is superior to any other in brain power.
D. the concept of cultural relativism is wrong.
8. An important social development in 1870s Japan was the
A. rise of the warrior caste.
B. abolition of the military draft.
C. abolition of samurai privileges.
D. refusal of the gentry to hold civil-service positions.
9. China began to industrialize in the 1860s due to
A. a peasant rebellion and foreign military occupation.
B. defeat by Britain and the decline of its tea market.
C. economic decline in the face of European expansionism in Asia.
D. its failure to defeat Japan and Britain.
10. Many of Henri Bergson's followers were made hopeful by his writings because he argued that
A. we should accept our existence as the only possible foundation for our life choices.
B. we retain the freedom to create a future that differs from the one predicted by scientists.
C. truth isn't that which is real, but that which we choose to believe.
D. God doesn't exist and everything is permissible.
11. With regards XXXXX XXXXX mining and agriculture industry, in the nineteenth century, which of the following statements is false?
A. Private investment grew
B. Large companies tried to be paternalistic to keep workers from rebelling
C. Reliance on export crops provided peasants a more reliable source of income
D. Specialization became more common
12. Who wrote, "Here is the slave, there is the master; there is the wealth of some, here is the poverty of most . . . Here humanity attains its most complete development and its most brutish"?
A. Karl Marx
B. Alexis de Tocqueville
C. Samuel Smiles
D. William Blake
13. Most of those who fear globalization worry that it will lead to
A. a plural world.
B. cultural diversity.
D. a new Europeanization of the globe.
14. The Suez Canal, built in 1869 largely by French engineers and French capital, was significant because it
A. reduced travel time from Europe to India from months to weeks.
B. gave Egypt an agricultural advantage by putting hundreds of thousands of new acres under cultivation.
C. connected the Mediterranean with the Persian Gulf.
D. connected the Nile with the Red Sea.
15. The British argued that the banning of the opium trade by Chinese authorities in 1839 was wrong because it violated
A. freedom of commerce.
B. basic human decency.
C. Britain's right to do whatever it wanted.
D. the rights of individual Chinese to do as they pleased.
16. Which of the following was the only African state that increased in size and power in the 1800s?
C. South Africa
17. During the nineteenth century, which of the following countries experienced a decrease in industrial production?
18. Which of the following did reformers first try to end in the slave industry? A. The trade in slaves itself
B. The culture of slavery in North America
C. Slavery in Caribbean agriculture
D. Liberation and compensation of slaves
19. Even greater than their use for human food, fish are a vital source of
B. lotions and creams.
C. lamp oil.
D. industrial lubricants.
20. The single event that was most critical in encouraging regimentation and collectivism in Western countries was
A. World War II.
B. the Russian Revolution.
C. the First World War.
D. the Great Depression.