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Chris M., M.S.W. Social Work
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I have 15 Early Childhood multiple choice questions, see below:1.

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I have 15 Early Childhood multiple choice questions, see below:

1. In a study examining preschoolers’ responses to their peers’
distress, researchers used _______ to record each instance
in which a child cried, followed by other children’s reactions.
A. time sampling
B. systematic collection
C. event sampling
D. structured observation
2. According to Erikson, children learn how to cooperate with
others during the _______ stage.
A. basic trust versus mistrust
B. autonomy versus shame and doubt
C. initiative versus guilt
D. industry versus inferiority
3. Dr. Muse, a sociocultural theorist, speculates that children’s
ability to reminisce about the past can be promoted through
adult teaching. This is an example of a
A. theory. C. hypothesis.
B. research question. D. research method.
Lesson 1
Theory and Research in
Child Development
When you feel confident that you have mastered the material in
Lesson 1, go to and submit
your answers online. If you don’t have access to the Internet,
you can phone in or mail in your exam. Submit your answers for
this examination as soon as you complete it. Do not wait until
another examination is ready.
Questions 1–20: Select the one best answer to each question.
Whichever method you use in submitting your exam
answers to the school, you must use the number above.
For the quickest test results, go to
http://www.takeexamsonline.com28 Examination, Lesson 1
4. A criticism of the information-processing approach is that it
A. doesn’t form a comprehensive theory.
B. lacks scientific research.
C. focuses on creativity and imagination, while ignoring other mental processes.
D. views children as blank slates.
5. One way to test for the validity of research methods is to
A. compare children’s answers to different halves of the same test.
B. test for inter-rater reliability.
C. compare children’s answers on different forms of the same measure.
D. see how effective the measure is in predicting behavior it would reasonably expect
to predict.
6. Which of the following statements about the field of child development is correct?
A. It’s devoted to understanding human constancy and change over the lifespan.
B. It’s part of a larger, interdisciplinary field known as developmental science.
C. It focuses primarily on children’s cognitive and social development.
D. It studies infants’ perceptions of the world.
7. During the middle of the twentieth century, North American psychology was dominated
A. evolutionary theory. C. neuroscience.
B. cognitive development. D. behaviorism.
8. What is a major limitation of the psychophysiological method?
A. Investigators can’t be sure that an infant or child has processed a stimulus in a
certain way.
B. Most physiological procedures can’t be used on infants and children.
C. Most physiological procedures require injection of a radioactive substance.
D. The nervous system isn’t sensitive to changes in psychological states.
9. British philosopher John Locke viewed the child as
A. tainted by original sin. C. a noble savage.
B. a tabula rasa. D. an active, purposeful being.
10. In field experiments, researchers
A. formulate conclusions based on extensive field notes.
B. use treatment conditions that already exist naturally.
C. avoid confounding variables by exposing the same participants to all treatments.
D. randomly assign participants to treatment conditions in natural settings. Examination, Lesson 1 29
11. In ecological systems theory, development is
A. primarily influenced by the social transmission of knowledge.
B. a result of successful imprinting during the early critical period.
C. controlled by both environmental circumstances and inner dispositions.
D. neither controlled by environmental circumstances nor inner dispositions.
12. A correlation coefficient can range in value from
A. +1.00 to –1.00. C. 0 to +1.00.
B. –1.00 to 0. D. –100 to +100.
13. According to Freud, the _______ works to reconcile the demands of the _______ and
the _______.
A. id; ego; superego
B. superego; id; ego
C. ego; id; superego
D. id; conscience; subconscience
14. What is an advantage of a cross-sectional design?
A. Researchers need not be concerned about practice effects.
B. Validity isn’t threatened by cohort effects.
C. The effects of early experience on later development can be examined.
D. It’s an efficient strategy for examining individual development.
15. Research on the importance of early experiences for children’s intellectual development
played a major role in the founding of
A. the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
B. the Children’s Defense Fund.
C. Project Head Start.
D. the National Association for the Education of Young Children.
Submitted: 5 years ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  Chris M. replied 5 years ago.

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