replied 5 years ago.
Here are the questions for Exam 08804500 ( there are 25.) --
1. When an animal is given an injection under the skin, in what
order does the needle penetrate the layers of skin?
A. Epidermis, hypodermis, dermis
B. Epidermis, dermis, hypodermis
C. Hypodermis, dermis, epidermis
D. Hypodermis, epidermis, dermis
2. Albino animals lack pigment in their skin and hair. Which of
the following cells has the defect that causes this problem?
A. Melanocytes C. Mast cells
B. Fibroblasts D. Histiocytes
3. Which way does the epidermis grow?
A. From the stratum corneum to the stratum basale
B. From the stratum basale to the stratum corneum
C. From the stratum corneum and to the stratum spinosum
D. From the stratum granulosum to the stratum corneum
4. Which layer of the skin stores fat?
A. Hypodermis C. Dermis
B. Epidermis D. Stratum corneum
5. Which of the following is true regarding apocrine sweat glands?
A. The ducts empty into the base of the hair follicle near the hair bulb.
B. They’re the most common glands found in the skin.
C. These glands are found only on the footpads and nose of dogs and cats.
D. These glands produce a fluid that mixes with sebum.
6. Skin provides protection from infection by
A. providing a physical barrier against passage of bacteria.
B. generating heat to kill bacteria.
C. secreting antibodies from eccrine glands.
D. producing keratinocytes that engulf bacteria.
7. Horns are derived from the
A. epidermis. C. hypodermis.
B. dermis. D. stratum lucidum.
8. Which of the following is a component of sebum?
A. Lymph fluid C. Fatty acids
B. Proteins D. Elastin
9. Hair provides some insulation to the skin. When cold, the hairs stand up, increasing the thickness of the coat layer, and trapping more warm air near the skin. Which of the following is responsible for hair standing up?
A. Dermal papilla C. Hair follicle cells
B. The arrector pili muscle D. The cortex of the hair shaft
10. To investigate an animal with dyspnea, an instrument called a bronchoscope is passed down the trachea to visualize the airways. The first structure encountered is a site where the trachea divides into smaller airways. This site is called the tracheal
A. conchae. C. carina.
B. bifurcation. D. choana.
11. The four hallmarks of inflammation in tissue are
A. heat, swelling, redness, and itching.
B. pain, swelling, heat, and redness.
C. itching, heat, pain, and swelling.
D. redness, itching, pain, and heat.
12. The cells most involved with allergic reactions are
A. eosinophils, mast cells, and basophils.
B. neutrophils, eosinophils, and mast cells.
C. lymphocytes, basophils, and monocytes.
D. monocytes, eosinophils, and basophils.
13. An abnormal blood vessel creating abnormal blood flow around the liver is called a
A. portosystemic shunt. C. patent foramen ovale.
B. patent ductus arteriosus. D. valvular stenosis.
14. The correct path of blood flow through the heart and lungs is
A. left atrium, left ventricle, pulmonary artery, pulmonary vein, right atrium, right
B. left atrium, left ventricle, pulmonary vein, pulmonary artery, right atrium, right
C. right atrium, right ventricle, pulmonary artery, pulmonary vein, left atrium, left
D. right atrium, right ventricle, pulmonary vein, pulmonary artery, left atrium, left
15. Along with removing foreign particles from the blood and triggering an immune
response to infection or cancer, the spleen also
A. removes dying blood cells.
B. exchanges oxygen for carbon dioxide.
C. transmits electrical impulses to the heart.
D. regulates temperature.
16. The amount of air inspired and expired during a normal quiet breath is called
A. residual volume. C. tidal volume.
B. minimal volume. D. total lung capacity.
17. The two phases of the cardiac cycle are
A. systole and excitation. C. diastole and systole.
B. diastole and relaxation. D. excitation and contraction.
18. A decrease in the diameter of arteries causes
A. decreased hydrostatic pressure in the blood vessel.
B. increased blood flow to tissues.
C. decreased resistance to blood flow.
D. increased resistance to blood flow.
19. Which of the following is true of T-lymphocytes?
A. They may help stimulate B-lymphocytes to function.
B. They produce plasma cells.
C. They produce antibodies.
D. They mature and are “educated” in the bone marrow.
20. In people or animals with obstruction of the larynx, a tube is placed in the ventral neck allowing direct communication between the trachea and the outside skin and atmosphere. This bypasses both the larynx and the upper respiratory tract. What are
possible complications of having a tracheostomy tube in place?
A. The air in the lungs may become drier, and more bacteria may enter the trachea.
B. The air in the lungs may become excessively moist, and more bacteria may enter
C. The air in the lungs may become excessively moist, and fewer bacteria may enter
D. The air in the lungs may become drier, and fewer bacteria may enter the trachea.
21. Movement of leukocytes from capillaries to damaged tissue is called
A. inflammation. C. diffusion.
B. diapedesis. D. transmigration.
22. A diaphragmatic hernia will most likely result in _______ collapse.
A. heart C. tracheal
B. lung D. bronchial
23. If a surgeon removed a tumor in the trachea that was decreasing the trachea’s
diameter by half, the area of the trachea’s cross section and the flow of air through it
A. stay the same. C. triple.
B. double. D. quadruple.
24. Electrocardiography measures the heart’s electrical activity. An abnormality in the
heart’s electrical activity detected by electrocardiography is called
A. systole. C. diastole.
B. repolarization. D. arrhythmia.
25. Which of the following conditions involves excessive clotting of blood?
A. Aortic thromboembolism C. Vitamin K deficiency
B. Thrombocytopenia D. Hemophilia