Answers are as follows:
3. Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
4. required the telecommunications industry to build tools into its products that federal investigators can use for eavesdropping.
6. Internet filter
7. protects speech that is annoying, critical, demeaning, or offensive.
8. both b and c
9. Intellectual property
10. trade secret
1. What must web site owners/authors do in order to comply with the Children's Online Protection Act (COPA)?
Websites that are directed to children under 13 and that collect personal information must: First, post information on the homepage that specifies what kind of info is collected, how this info is collected (e.g., via cookies), how the info is used, and the procedures parents can follow to exercise their right to review their child's personal information, refuse to allow its further collection or use, or have it deleted. Second, the site must notify parents and secure their permission before collecting and disseminating children's personal information.
2. In its 1973 ruling in Miller v. California, the Supreme Court determined that speech can be considered obscene and not protected under the First Amendment, based on three questions. Identify and explain at least two of the three questions.
One of the questions determining obscenity concerns whether the average person, (applying contemporary community standards), would find that the work, taken as a whole, appeals to the prurient (shameful, immoral) interest. That is, would the average, reasonable person be expected to view the material as inherently obscene and meant to appeal only to such interest. Another question posed to judge the obscenity of the material is whether or not the material, taken as a whole, has any socially redeeming value. Does the work have any artistic, scientific, or political value that elevates the meaning and purpose of the material above being of merely prurient interest.
3. Couldn't answer this one.
4. According to sections 103-105 of Title 35, an invention must pass the four tests to be eligible for a patent, which are:
1.The invention must fall into one of five statutory classes: processes, machines, manufactures, compositites of nature, and new uses of any of the following.
2. The invention must be of practical use.
3. The invention must be unique of novel--something never previously introduced.
4. The invention must be innovative in the sense that it would be "unobvious" to a person with skill/expertise in the field to which it applies (i.e, not something "anyone" might have thought of/introduced).
Hope this helps!