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Hi, I need to help with the penn foster exam I recently took

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Hi, I need to help with the penn foster exam I recently took: EXAMINATION NUMBER
05045000 / Psychology for Two or More

1. The more people there are at the scene of an accident, the
less likely it is that individuals will step up to lend a hand.
This phenomenon is referred to as
A. antisocial behavior.
B. diffusion of responsibility.
C. crowd apathy.
D. diffusion of interest.
2. The foot-in-the-door technique and the that’s-not-all
technique are persuasive tactics for gaining
A. obedience. C. compliance.
B. conformity. D. reciprocity.
3. In the context of stress, the flip side of an uplift is
A. a hassle.
B. background chaos.
C. a personal stressor.
D. any cataclysmic event.
4. In the “teacher-learner” experiments conducted by Stanley Milgram, ______ percent of
the experimental subjects eventually applied the “lethal” 450-volt shock to the
A. 2 C. 35
B. 15 D. 65
5. Four steps are involved in a person’s decision to offer assistance in an emergency
situation. The third step is
A. assuming responsibility for rendering assistance.
B. interpreting the event as requiring someone to offer assistance.
C. deciding how to help.
D. appraisal of one’s skills and experience in dealing with emergencies.
6. Particular factors encourage people to be drawn into liking one another. In this context,
the reciprocity of liking effect is primarily associated with
A. exposure. C. similarity.
B. propinquity. D. physical attractiveness.
7. According to your text, whether you’re persuaded by a message will primarily depend
on which factor?
A. Your perception or understanding of the recipient of the message
B. Your characteristics, including your personality and intelligence
C. Whether you receive the message while at work or at home
D. The nature of the message as it relates to your temperament
8. The first stage in the GAS model of stress is
A. analyzing a stressor. C. resistance.
B. adaptation. D. alarm and mobilization.
9. Mandy has decided that she has no control over the aversive stimuli she encounters at
work and at home day by day. Thus, she has given up trying to make her life better.
Psychologists would say Mandy’s worldview illustrates
A. emotion-focused coping. C. problem-focused coping.
B. learned helplessness. D. learned avoidant coping.
10. Aggressiveness builds up in people because of human nature. It can be safely
expressed before it reaches a “boiling point” through the catharsis offered by
aggressive sports and games. These kinds of ideas are associated with
A. instinct approaches to aggression.
B. observational learning theories.
C. frustration-aggression theory.
D. social learning theories.
11. With respect to the theory of cognitive dissonance, people can hold contradictory ideas
in their minds. If you become aware of the dissonance between two ideas, you could
pursue which of the following strategies to reduce the dissonance?
A. You can repress one of the cognitions into your unconscious mind and go about
your day.
B. You can change the way you perceive the ideas by increasing the importance of one
of them.
C. You can modify your views of the two contradictory ideas.
D. You can tell yourself that the contradictory ideas are contradictory.
12. Sternberg’s model of the kinds of love identifies which of the following basic
A. Spirituality C. Consummate attraction
B. Commitment/decision D. Sexuality
13. As discussed in your text, the Implicit Association Test (IAT)
A. is based on a culture-free questionnaire.
B. has revealed that most people aren’t prejudiced.
C. requires subjects to react to a series of black and white faces.
D. requires people to openly express and reveal their latent prejudices.
14. Which statement about stress is true?
A. Stress is rarely related to how we perceive a situation.
B. Background stressors include daily hassles.
C. Cataclysmic events always produce profound and lingering stress.
D. A job promotion qualifies as a personal stressor.
15. In the context of social cognition, what is the primary importance of schemas?
A. They provide accurate and truthful information about social situations and other
B. They help us differentiate good people from bad people.
C. They help us organize, store, and recall information about other people.
D. They allow us to correctly identify the central traits of other people.
16. The last stage in the GAS model of stress is
A. flight or fight. C. resistance.
B. adaptation. D. exhaustion.
17. Regarding stereotypes and prejudice, which statement is true?
A. A self-fulfilling prophecy always precedes prejudice.
B. Stereotypes may be positive or negative.
C. Where there are stereotypes we always find prejudice.
D. Discrimination is to action as prejudice is to attitudes.
18. The concept of aggression cues is associated with
A. social learning theories.
B. observational learning theories.
C. frustration-aggression theory.
D. the work of animal behaviorist Konrad Lorenz.

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