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EXAMINATION NUMBER 05054900 1. The custodial care of children

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1. The custodial care of children is a _______ of the educational
A. latent function C. conflicted function
B. manifest function D. dysfunction
2. The chief difference between a conflict and a structuralfunctional
interpretation of American education is that
A. functionalists recognize dysfunctions.
B. functionalists see no negative side-effects.
C. conflict theorists don’t recognize that education benefits
D. functionalists are more positive about the reproduction of
culture and society.
3. Which of the following statements is true of physical
A. It’s at least as important in mate selection as advertising
encourages us to believe.
B. It increases in importance after the first meeting.
C. It decreases in importance after the first meeting.
D. It’s important in the dating patterns of teenagers, but
less important as people grow older.
4. In all cultures the family has been assigned responsibility for each of the following,
A. regulation of sexual behavior.
B. prohibition of premarital sexuality.
C. economic responsibility for dependents.
D. socialization of the young.
5. Which of the following is the definition of secularization?
A. The process of transferring things, ideas, or events from the sacred to the profane
B. The process whereby a religious person becomes a fundamentalist
C. The division of religious practices and beliefs into segments or sections
D. The process that religions go through to define what’s sacred and what’s profane
6. The most important social factor affecting mortality is
A. genetics. C. standard of living.
B. location of residence. D. race.
7. At the micro level, sociologists of education are most likely to be interested in knowing
A. the inadequacy of school budgets.
B. how the school experiences of working-class and middle-class students differ.
C. trends in SAT scores.
D. trends in adopting art and music course offerings across the country.
8. The “Protestant ethic” refers to a belief that
A. frugality, rationalism, and living simply are moral virtues.
B. the Catholic and other liturgical churches are theologically bankrupt.
C. true Christians should reject the world and all that’s in it.
D. making money is a sacred duty.
9. Polygamy, which permits a man to have multiple wives, is reported as the ideal form of
marriage in many societies across the globe. In these societies,
A. there’s equality between men and women.
B. there’s little social inequality of any kind.
C. there’s tremendous social inequality between men.
D. women generally revolt due to jealousy.
10. One function of the schools is cultural reproduction, which means
A. transmitting culture from one generation to the next.
B. teaching art and music.
C. controlling young people and their sex lives.
D. producing new knowledge.
11. According to Parsons, illness generally
A. is functional.
B. threatens social stability.
C. is acceptable for men, but not women.
D. is dysfunctional.
12. Which of the following best explains why poverty is associated with poorer health and
lower life expectancy?
A. Poor people are less likely to care about their health.
B. Poor people can’t afford medical care.
C. Most poor people are both unemployed and addicted to illegal substances.
D. Poor people live in violent, crime-ridden neighborhoods.
13. According to your text, adolescents
A. will generally look back at the period as the best time of their lives.
B. experience a great deal of role strain.
C. generally begin dating at around age 17.
D. are expected to make major contributions to society.
14. Medicalization occurs when
A. a behavior becomes defined as a problem requiring medical attention.
B. language barriers may make it difficult to obtain medical care and follow orders.
C. racial and ethnic minorities are refused medical treatment.
D. the health care system causes a new illness.
15. The probability that a marriage will ever end in divorce is referred to as the
A. divorce rate. C. lifetime divorce probability.
B. marriage rate. D. loss of commitment.
16. Lower-class persons with mental illness
A. are hospitalized for longer periods of time than are higher-class persons.
B. receive more effective treatment than higher-class individuals.
C. typically refuse treatment because they don’t trust authority figures.
D. are increasingly likely to be sent to jail or prison in lieu of a clinic or hospital.
17. A central belief of the Religious Right is that
A. religion and politics don’t mix.
B. Christians have an obligation to be politically active.
C. Christians should have little interest in either the world or politics.
D. major moral values are irrelevant to political legislation.
18. One current trend in parenting is that women are
A. delaying childbearing.
B. placing careers over children.
C. much more frequently choosing to remain childless.
D. having children at a yo

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