List all the conditions that lead to COPD. List all the medications a client with COPD might be taking along with their effects on exercise. Then research what would be the correct intensity for someone with a mild to moderate level of COPD to exercise at. Design a comprehensive fitness program for someone with COPD. Then teach your self what it feels like to exercise at certain MET intensities such as 3 to 4 METs and 5 to 6 METs.
Causes of COPD:
Smoking is by far the most common cause, accounting for nearly 90% of COPD cases in the US. Second hand smoke is responsible as well. Air pollution and occupational pollutants account for some cases as well. Finally, a genetic disease, alpha-1-antitrypsin is an important, though rare, cause of COPD.
bronchodilators like albuterol/salmeterol would be taken by metered dose inhalers
anticholinergics like atrovent may be taken by metered dose inhalers as well
methylxanthines like theophylline may be taken in addition
steroids such as prednisone by pill or inhaled steroids like flovent are used
A person with mid-moderate COPD should be able to carry out activities at 4-5 METS which include low impact exercise including:
|Moderate Intensity Activities||3 to 6|
|bicycling, stationary, 50 watts, very light effort||3.0|
|calisthenics, home exercise, light or moderate effort, general||3.5|
|bicycling, <10 mph (16 km/h), leisure, to work or for pleasure||4.0|
|bicycling, stationary, 100 watts, light effort||5.5|
This should be done 3 times a week for 30 minutes with deep breathing and with assistance of inhaled bronchodilators as needed.
Exercising at 3-4 METs is like above, low intensity aerobic exercise, and 4-6 METS is high impact aerobic exercise and greater includes jumping robe and running.
Article used: http://www.turkishrespiratoryjournal.com/pdf/pdf_TRJ_457.pdf
Edited by HelpfulHomework on 9/14/2010 at 6:13 PM EST