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Chris M., M.S.W. Social Work
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DOSAGE FORMS AND ROUTES OF ADMINISTRATION 1. Drugs given

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DOSAGE FORMS AND ROUTES OF ADMINISTRATION:

1. Drugs given externally are
A. injected into the bloodstream.
B. applied to the skin
C. inhaled into the lungs.
D. digested by the body.

2. As a pharmacy technician, you're helping to make a syrup. Which of the following choices represents your ingredients?
A. Saturated aqueous solutions of sugar
B. Oil and sugar solutions
C. Alcohol and sugar solutions
D. Solutions of water and alcohol

3. The dissolved substance in a solution is the
A. solute.
B. vehicle.
C. concentration.
D. solvent.

4. Tablets can be described as
A. medication that can be made easily in the pharmacy from aluminum or plastic molds.
B. dosage forms that should never be crushed or chewed.
C. granules making a solid, yet pourable substance.
D. compressed or molded solid compact dosage forms that may be swallowed or chewed.

5. _______ medications are delivered through the nose.
A. Inhalation
B. Sublingual
C. Topical
D. Solutions of water and alcohol

3. The dissolved substance in a solution is the
A. solute.
B. vehicle.
C. concentration.
D. solvent.

4. Tablets can be described as
A. medication that can be made easily in the pharmacy from aluminum or plastic molds.
B. dosage forms that should never be crushed or chewed.
C. granules making a solid, yet pourable substance.
D. compressed or molded solid compact dosage forms that may be swallowed or chewed.

5. _______ medications are delivered through the nose.
A. Inhalation
B. Sublingual
C. Topical
D. Intranasal

6. What dosage form delivers systemic medications through the skin?
A. Transdermal patches
B. Micropumps
C. Aerosol sprays
D. Suppositories

7. A customer in a pharmacy asks you, the pharmacy technician, which is more oily: a cream or an ointment. You would say an ointment
A. contains no oil.
B. is not oily at all.
C. is more oily than a cream.
D. is less oily than a cream.

8. On a job interview for a position as a pharmacy technician, the interviewer asks you what a dosage form of medication is. You respond that a dosage form is
A. how a medication is made.
B. how a medication is administered.
C. the way a medication is given.
D. the use of a medication, either locally or systemically.

9. _______ help a tablet dissolve once it enters the stomach.
A. Solutes
B. Binders
C. Syrups
D. Disintegrants

10. A patient in a pharmacy asks you what subcutaneous means when written on a prescription. You would reply that it means a drug is
A. chewable.
B. given by injection.
C. a liquid.
D. administered under the tongue.

11. A lozenge can be described as a
A. small, solid gelatin shell or case containing active and inactive ingredients, usually for oral use.
B. thick suspension used on the skin.
C. liquid medication dosage form that takes on the shape of the container and is easily poured.
D. small, usually sweet, disk-shaped medication that's meant to be dissolved in the mouth.

12. What do elixirs consist of?
A. Solutions of volatile substances
B. Saturated aqueous solutions
C. Sweetened hydroalcoholic solutions
D. Hydroalcoholic solutions

13. A liquid or semisolid dosage form in which there are two immiscible liquids, such as water and oil, is a/an
A. suspension.
B. tincture.
C. emulsion.
D. tablet.

14. Systemic effects of a drug are achieved when the drug
A. is absorbed in the bloodstream and distributed to the body.
B. is used to irrigate the skin or mucous membrane.
C. acts on a specific area, such as hemorrhoids.
D. is a powder sprinkled on the skin.

15. Small gelatin shells containing active and inactive ingredients are
A. capsules.
B. tablets.
C. lozenges.
D. tinctures.

16. A tuberculosis test is delivered using the _______ form of injection.
A. intravenous
B. intramuscular
C. subcutaneous
D. intradermal

17. Extemporaneous compounding is a type of compounding performed when
A. the pharmacist sends the prescription to another pharmacy.
B. a pharmacist calls a pharmaceutical company and asks for a prescription to be made.
C. the manufacturer provides everything needed in the desired dosage form.
D. a dosage form or strength of a medication that's not commercially available is made in the pharmacy.

18. Which of the following topical forms is opaque in appearance?
A. Emulsion
B. Gel
C. Ointment
D. Cream

19. The liquid part of the solution is the
A. solute.
B. base.
C. vehicle.
D. solvent.

20. When a prescription reads to give a drug p.o., it means to give the drug
A. orally.
B. in the eye.
C. rectally.
D. in the ear.
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