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Chris M.
Chris M., M.S.W. Social Work
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Experience:  Master's Degree, strong math and writing skills, experience in one-on-one tutoring (college English)
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With EACH response, post your explanation of why you chose

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With EACH response, post your explanation of why you chose the answer.

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Exercise 7-9

Given the premises, discuss whether the conclusion of each argument that

follows is (a) true beyond a reasonable doubt, (b) probably true, or (c) possibly

true or possibly false.

1. The sign on the parking meter says “Out of Order,” so the meter isn’t


2. The annual rainfall in California’s north valley averages twenty-three

inches. So the rainfall next year will be twenty-three inches.

3. You expect to get forty miles to the gallon in that? Why, that old wreck

has a monster V8; besides, it’s fifty years old and needs an overhaul.

4. In three of the last four presidential races, the winner of the Iowa Republican

primary has not captured the Republican nomination. Therefore,

the winner of the next Iowa Republican primary will not capture the

Republican nomination.

5. The New York steak, the Maine lobster, and the beef stroganoff at that

restaurant are all exceptionally good. All the entrees are excellent.

6. The number of cellular telephones has increased dramatically in each of

the past few years. Therefore there will be even more of them in use this

coming year.

7. Since the graduates of Harvard, Yale, Princeton, and other Ivy League

schools generally score higher on the Graduate Record Examination than

students from Central State, it follows that the Ivy League schools do

more toward educating their students than Central State does.

8. XXXXX XXXXX has had more plastic surgery than anybody else in

California. You can bet he’s had more than anybody in Connecticut!

9. Although Max bled profusely before he died, there was no blood on the

ground where his body was found. Therefore, he was killed somewhere

else and brought here after the murder.

10. When liquor was banned in 1920, hospitalizations for alcoholism and

related diseases plummeted; in 1933, when Prohibition was repealed,

alcohol-related illnesses rose sharply again. Legalization of cocaine,

heroin, and marijuana would not curb abuse of those substances.

11. Relax. The kid’s been delivering the paper for, how long? Three, four

years maybe? And not once has she missed us. The paper will be here,

just wait and see. She’s just been delayed for some reason.

12. First, it seems clear that even if there are occasional small dips in the

consumption of petroleum, the general trend shows no sign of a real permanent

decrease. Second, petroleum reserves are not being discovered as

fast as petroleum is currently being consumed. From these two facts we

can conclude that reserves will eventually be consumed and that the

world will have to do without oil.

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