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exam 50187600

Resolved Question:

exam 50187600

1. What is the primary role of a criminologist?

A. Law enforcement

B. Scientific study of crime

C. Prison supervision

D. Prosecution of criminals

2. You receive a list of questions in the mail, with most

questions asking if you or your family have been crime

victims. You're most likely chosen to be a participant in

_______ research.

A. cohort C. survey

B. aggregate data D. experimental

3. You want to conduct an experiment to see how much the elderly in your neighborhood

fear crime. In a letter that falsifies descriptions of recently attempted crimes in the

area, you ask the neighbors to answer questions regarding their fear of crime.

Research such as this is

A. illegal. C. unethical.

B. ethical. D. harmless.

4. The term that best refers to the study of agencies of social control that handle criminal

offenders is

A. deviance. C. crime.

B. criminology. D. criminal justice.

5. Your cousin has been taking medicine for deep depression. In a fit of despair, she kills

her boyfriend and tries unsuccessfully to kill herself. Her attorney will most likely use

which defense?

A. The insanity plea C. Mistake

B. Ignorance D. Self-defense

6. Which of the following examples best demonstrates criminal intent (mens rea)?

A. Your father hits a pedestrian when he reaches for his car phone.

B. Your neighbor kills his lover, and the police find a detailed handwritten plan in his

desk outlining how he would commit the crime.

C. Your son accidentally kills a basketball rival when he knocks him to the ground

trying to retrieve the ball.

D. You spend counterfeit money that your husband made (not knowing that it

was counterfeit).

7. Which of the following crimes is a misdemeanor?

A. Rape C. Unarmed assault

B. Arson D. Murder

8. One purpose or function of the criminal law is to keep most of us from committing

crimes for fear of being caught and punished. This function is called

A. maintaining the social order. C. discouraging revenge.

B. deterring criminal behavior. D. expressing public opinion.

9. All of the following are Part I index crime offenses (as defined by the Uniform Crime

Report) except

A. motor vehicle theft. C. robbery.

B. aggravated assault. D. driving under the influence

10. The agency that gathers information for the Uniform Crime Report is the

A. Drug Enforcement Agency. C. Federal Bureau of Investigation.

B. Census Bureau. D. Central Intelligence Agency.

11. The National Crime Victimization Survey shows that crime is higher than that reported

in the Uniform Crime Report, chiefly because

A. many crimes aren't reported. C. victims don't always tell the truth.

B. police departments falsify records. D. statistics are always unreliable.

12. Most violent criminals tend to be members of which demographic category?

A. Rural dwellers C. Cold-climate dwellers

B. Urban dwellers D. The educated, wealthy class

13. Which age group is likely to exhibit the most criminal behavior?

A. 13-25 C. 35-50

B. 25-35 D. 51 and over

14. Which of the following groups (12% of the population) accounts for 40% of arrests for

violent crime?

A. White males C. African American males

B. Hispanic males D. Asian males

15. People in which of the following age groups will most likely be victims of crime?

A. 12-19 years C. 35-64 years

B. 20-34 years D. 65+ years

16. Student A says that military-style semiautomatic assault weapons are currently banned

in the United States. Student B says that the Brady Law background check applies only

to handguns. Who is correct?

A. Only Student A C. Both students

B. Only Student B D. Neither student

17. The group that is victimized most is

A. rich suburbanites. C. poor people in rural areas.

B. rich city dwellers. D. poor city dwellers.

18. The cycle of violence is most often caused by

A. a mother working two jobs.

B. a child witnessing/experiencing abuse.

C. a father abandoning the family.

D. grandparents raising grandchildren

19. Which of the following factors would make a person prone to repeat victimization?

A. Altruistic fear C. Target antagonism

B. Chivalry hypothesis D. Mens rea

20. At which of the following temperatures would a crime most likely occur?

A. 50° C. 70°

B. 60° D. 80°

Submitted: 7 years ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  Chris M. replied 7 years ago.

Hello lazanda,


Here are the answers for comparison with your own.

1. B. Scientific study of crime

2. C. survey

3. C. unethical.

4. B. criminal justice.

5. A. The insanity plea

6. B. Your neighbor kills his lover, and the police find a detailed handwritten plan in his desk outlining how he would commit the crime.

7. C. Unarmed assault

8. B. deterring criminal behavior.

9. D. driving under the influence

10. B. Census Bureau.

11. A. many crimes aren't reported.

12. B. Urban dwellers

13. A. 13-25

14. C. African American males

15. A. 12-19 years

16. C. Both students

17. D. poor city dwellers.

18. B. a child witnessing/experiencing abuse.

19. C. Target antagonism

20. D. 80°


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Customer: replied 7 years ago.

here's another exam I need to check my answer before posting them.


1. Rational choice theory is based on the belief that people are

A. altruistic. C. independent.

B. egotistical and self-centered. D. irrational.

2. The practice of an offender paying back the victim of a crime

for loss or performing community service is called

A. diversion. C. reaction formation.

B. restitution. D. relative deprivation.

3. You've experienced severe headaches and behavior problems

all your life. One day you can't stand it anymore. You take

your gun and shoot two coworkers, then yourself. To what

theoretical category would your crime be assigned?

A. Developmental C. Social process

B. Conflict D. Trait

4. Your cousin was raised by a single mother who struggled to make ends meet. With

two jobs, she didn't have much time to spend with her son. He wasn't a good student,

didn't participate in athletic events, and had poor self-esteem. One day he broke into

a house and stole several dollars worth of goods. It was the first of many crimes. The

theory that would best explain his criminality is

A. social process. C. social structure.

B. trait. D. developmental.

5. Which statement best fits the developmental theory of crime?

A. She was opposed to abortion, so she set fire to the abortion clinic.

B. Her parents were in prison; her only sibling was killed during a robbery attempt;

and she was sentenced to a life sentence for murder.

C. She got pregnant at 14, dropped out of school, succumbed to frequent use of

crack, and fell into prostitution to support herself and her son.

D. She ate a lot of food with sugar in it and got so hyperactive and agitated that she

picked up a knife and stabbed a friend who got on her nerves.

6. Proponents of choice theory feel that crime can be eliminated by

A. forgiving, not punishing.

B. building more prisons.

C. administering several years of psychotherapy.

D. convincing the offender that crime is a poor activity because of negative consequences.

7. General deterrence theory states that punishment should be

A. mental. C. swift.

B. physical. D. lenient.

8. According to specific deterrence theory,

A. crime sanctions should be so powerful that criminals won't repeat their

criminal acts.

B. certain categories of criminals should be deterred.

C. members of minority groups should be deterred.

D. certain criminal personality types should be deterred.

9. An example of a biochemical predisposition to crime would be

A. instinct. C. a defect in glucose metabolism.

B. mood-altering drugs. D. environmental influences.

10. A breakdown of rules of behavior during periods of rapid social change, war, or famine

is called

A. conformity. C. ritualism.

B. deprivation. D. anomie

11. The statement "Criminal behavior is learned and learning is a by-product of interaction"

best characterizes the concept of

A. labeling. C. neutralization.

B. differential association. D. deviance.

12. The elements of attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief are factors of

________'s social bond theory.

A. Reckless C. Sellin

B. Miller D. Hirschi

13. A group of criminologists began to study the ecological conditions leading to crime

in the

A. 1980s. C. 1990s.

B. 1880s. D. 1890s.

14. As compared to males, for females, early antisocial behavior most likely leads to

A. problems at work. C. relationship problems.

B. substance abuse. D. physical violence.

15. Research on the life cycle of people with delinquent careers was popularized by

A. Gottfredson and Herschi. C. Jurik.

B. Sheldon and Eleanor Glueck. D. Hagan.

16. Your son started stealing in nursery school and was placed in a juvenile detention

facility at age 13 after committing many offenses. This substantiates the early criminal

behavior theory promoted by

A. Sampson and Laub. C. Loeber and Farrington.

B. Glueck and Glueck. D. Weiss, Catalano, and Hawkins.

17. Which newer movement in radical theory regarding criminology draws its inspiration

from religious and philosophical teachings?

A. Peacemaking theory C. Power-control theory

B. Postmodern theory D. Radical feminist theory

18. Restoration involves turning the justice system into a _______ process.

A. punishing C. humiliating

B. isolating D. healing

19. Possibly the greatest challenge to restorative justice is the difficult task of balancing

the needs of offenders with the needs of

A. society. C. their victims.

B. their families. D. the criminal justice system.

20. Law-violating behavior occurs when a person decides to break the law after considering

the possible consequences. This statement defines which categorical theory of crime?

A. Trait C. Social structure

B. Social process D. Choice

Expert:  Chris M. replied 7 years ago.

Hello lazanda,


Here are my answers for comparison with your own.

1. B. egotistical and self-centered

2. B. restitution

3. D. Trait

4. D. social process

5. C. She got pregnant at 14, dropped out of school, succumbed to frequent use of crack, and fell into prostitution to support herself and her son.

6. D. convincing the offender that crime is a poor activity because of negative consequences

7. C. swift.

8. B. certain categories of criminals should be deterred

9. C. a defect in glucose metabolism.

10. D. anomie

11. B. differential association

12. D. Hirschi

13. D. 1980s

14. B. substance abuse. (not positive on this one, check your text)

15. B. Sheldon and Eleanor Glueck.

16. C. Loeber and Farrington.

17. A. Peacemaking theory

18. D. healing

19. C. their victims.

20. D. Choice


Hope this helps!

Edited by Chris M. on 2/21/2010 at 3:21 AM EST
Chris M. and 2 other Homework Specialists are ready to help you
Customer: replied 7 years ago.
just finished another test need to check my answers.

1. Grand larceny is considered a
A. ticket offense. C. felony.
B. misdemeanor. D. minor violation.
2. Another name for a slag code is
A. logic bomb. C. worm.
B. Trojan horse. D. spam.
3. A woman is kidnapped, raped, tied up, and tortured.
This type of rape is called _______ rape.
A. anger C. sadistic
B. power D. statutory
4. Organized crime has been considered difficult to control because it has developed
similarly to
A. the U.S. military. C. early Marxist organizations.
B. early capitalist enterprises. D. labor unions.
5. Which of the following actions involves legislating morality?
A. Posting the Ten Commandments in public buildings
B. Forcing people to attend church
C. Legalizing street drugs
D. Illegalizing victimless crimes
6. The professional fence is a criminal type who
A. buys and sells stolen goods.
B. sells goods to pawn shops.
C. buys and sells goods in prison.
D. sells stolen goods to wholesalers.
7. Another name for theft is
A. burglary. C. arson.
B. larceny. D. fraud.
8. Both victims and offenders in carjackings tend to be
A. young black men. C. middle-aged, wealthy women.
B. young Hispanic men. D. middle-aged, wealthy men.
9. Student A says that gang initiations often lead to violence. Student B says that former
gang members are no more likely to own guns than nonmembers. Who is correct?
A. Only Student A C. Both students
B. Only Student B D. Neither student
10. Psychologists view arson as a/an ________, not a criminal act.
A. sexual problem C. unconditioned response
B. biological brain disorder D. mental health problem
11. An accountant embezzles a large sum of money from an elderly client. This act would
best fall into the category of _______ crime.
A. organized C. blue-collar
B. white-collar D. morality
12. The Warner-Lambert drug company was prohibited from claiming that Listerine
mouthwash could prevent or cure colds. This scenario falls under which type of
corporate crime?
A. False claims and advertising
B. Deceptive pricing
C. Illegal restraint of trade and price-fixing
D. Environmental
13. To which of the following cyber crimes would an online casino be most vulnerable?
A. Securities fraud C. Denial of service
B. Identity theft D. Copyright infringement
14. The alien conspiracy theory sees organized crime as being run by an ordered
group of ethnocentric criminal syndicates, maintaining unified leadership and
shared values. The primary ethnic group involved is _______ in origin.
A. Russian C. Mexican
B. Chinese D. Italian
15. Law enforcement officials in several cities report a decline of Mafia activity in their
area. The most prominent factor in this decline would be
A. the aging of Mafia leaders.
B. annihilation by rival families.
C. the fact that most Mafia leaders are in prison.
D. lack of political support.
16. In India, Sikh radicals use violence to recover what they perceive as their lost
homelands. This is an example of ________ terrorism.
A. state-sponsored C. environmental
B. cause-based D. nationalistic
17. An ongoing scandal in the United States is that of priests sexually abusing children.
This form of paraphilia is called
A. voyeurism. C. pedophilia.
B. sadomasochism. D. asphyxiophilia.
18. The aristocrats of prostitution are
A. bar girls. C. circuit travelers.
B. call girls. D. skeezers
19. The most controversial and reprehensible aspect of pornography is the use and
exploitation of
A. children. C. women.
B. animals. D. prostitutes.
20. Your best friend despises Iranians. One night at a bar he attacks and seriously maims
a college student from Iran. He believes their oil monopoly has caused him to be
unable to buy gas for his truck. This crime would be categorized as a _______
hate crime.
A. thrill-seeking C. mission
B. reactive D. spontaneous
Expert:  Chris M. replied 7 years ago.

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