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analyze the properties of a sodium atom and a sodium ion.

Customer Question

analyze the properties of a sodium atom and a sodium ion. What are the differences in mass, stability, and reactivity that are caused due due to the differences between the sodium atom and sodium ion
Submitted: 8 years ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  helpful_taran replied 8 years ago.

The properties of sodium atom and sodium ion are as follows :-

Atom - Equal number of protons and electrons.
Ions - Full outer shell of electrons.

1. An atom has no overall electric charge but ion has an electric charge.If we compare sodium atom and ion, sodium atom is neutral while sodium ion has a positve charge ( Lose electrons ).

2. They have the same size. The only difference is sodium do have 11 electron and 11 proton ( as we discussed in pt 1 ) while it give up one electron to form na+.

3. Sodium atom is Less stable than Sodium Ion.

4. Sodium atom is found as soft and shiny metal in pure form while Sodium ion is never availble in pure form.

5. Sodium is an excellent conductor of heat and electricity while Ions are poor conductor of heat and electricity.

References :-

You can also refer to the second link that would show you the reactions as well.

Hope i helped you.

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Customer: replied 8 years ago.
Thank you very much. I will indeed use this site as a reference. Chemistry is my most feared subject. I saved it for last.

Again thank you, XXXXX XXXXX is greatly appreciated.Laughing
Expert:  helpful_taran replied 8 years ago.

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