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Experience:  MIT Graduate (Math, Programming, Science, and Music)
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1. When first introduced to someone, Marcel effectively ...

Customer Question

1. When first introduced to someone, Marcel effectively remembers the person´s name by repeating it to himself several times. Marcel makes use of a strategy called (Points: 1)
chunking.
automatic processing.
the method of loci.
rehearsal.


2. On the telephone Melvin rattles off a list of 10 grocery items for Pilar to bring home from the store. Immediately after hearing the list, Pilar attempts to write down the items. She is most likely to forget the items (Points: 1)
at the beginning of the list.
at the end of the list.
in the middle of the list.
at the beginning and the middle of the list.


3. To remember the information presented in her psychology textbook, Susan often relates it to her own life experiences. Susan's strategy is an effective memory aid because it facilitates (Points: 1)
iconic memory.
semantic encoding.
automatic processing.
proactive interference.


4. George can´t remember Jack Smith´s name because he wasn´t paying attention when Jack was formally introduced. George´s poor memory is best explained in terms of (Points: 1)
repression.
proactive interference.
retroactive interference.
encoding failure.


5. The address for obtaining tickets to a popular quiz show flashes on the TV screen, but the image disappears before Sergei has had a chance to write down the complete address. To his surprise, however, he has retained a momentary mental image of the five-digit zip code. His experience best illustrates ________ memory. (Points: 1)
iconic
flashbulb
implicit
echoic


6. An attorney´s use of misleading questions may distort a witness´s recall of a crime due to: (Points: 1)
state-dependent memory.
memory construction.
retroactive interference.
automatic processing.


7. After learning the combination for his new locker at school, Milton is unable to remember the combination for his year-old bicycle lock. Milton is experiencing the effects of (Points: 1)
encoding failure.
state-dependent memory.
retroactive interference.
proactive interference.


8. As a child, Mike experienced a vivid dream in which he was chased and attacked by a ferocious dog. Many years later he mistakenly recalled that this had actually happened to him. Mike's false recollection best illustrates (Points: 1)
the self-reference effect.
mood-congruent memory.
proactive interference.
source amnesia.


9. When asked to recall their attitudes of ten years ago regarding marijuana use, people offer recollections closer to their current view than they actually reported a decade earlier. This best illustrates (Points: 1)
memory construction.
proactive interference.
the self-reference effect.
mood-congruent memory.


10. People are likely to recognize a woman as a nurse more quickly than a man as a nurse, because a woman more closely resembles their ________ of a nurse. (Points: 1)
heuristic
prototype
algorithm
mental set


11. Rule-of-thumb strategies that allow us to solve problems and make judgments efficiently are called (Points: 1)
semantics.
algorithms.
prototypes.
heuristics.


12. After spending 2 hours trying to solve an engineering problem, Anna finally gave up. As she was trying to fall asleep that night, a solution to the problem popped into her head. Anna's experience best illustrates (Points: 1)
the availability heuristic
confirmation bias.
representativeness heuristic.
insight.


13. Fred cites his cousin Millie´s many car accidents as evidence that women are worse drivers than men. He overlooks the fact that his wife and three daughters have had far fewer car accidents than he and his two sons. Fred´s prejudicial conclusion about women´s driving skills best illustrates the effects of (Points: 1)
the availability heuristic.
algorithms.
the framing effect.
confirmation bias.


14. Raul and Sophia were having a picnic when it started to rain. They did not think of using their big plastic tablecloth as a temporary rain shelter and so were drenched within minutes. Their oversight best illustrates (Points: 1)
the availability heuristic.
confirmation bias.
belief perseverance.
functional fixedness.


15. Jan De Jong is orderly, neat, fairly quiet, and shy. She enjoys reading in her spare time and belongs to a social club that includes three librarians, nine real estate agents, and eight social workers. A tendency to conclude that Jan must be one of the three librarians would illustrate the powerful influence of (Points: 1)
confirmation bias.
the framing effect.
the representativeness heuristic.
belief perseverance.


16. The tendency to estimate that the letter “k” appears more often as the first letter of words than as the third letter best illustrates our use of (Points: 1)
the representativeness heuristic.
the availability heuristic.
prototypes.
algorithms.


17. Stockbrokers often believe that their own expertise will enable them to select stocks that will outperform the market average. This belief best illustrates (Points: 1)
functional fixedness.
confirmation bias.
overconfidence.
the availability heuristic.


18. On Monday, the meteorologist forecasted a 20% chance of rain, so Sheryl took her umbrella to work. On Friday, he reported an 80% chance of sunshine, so Sheryl left her umbrella at home. Sheryl's behavior illustrates (Points: 1)
confirmation bias.
the belief perseverence phenomenon.
overconfidence.
the framing effect.


19. People with opposing views of capital punishment reviewed mixed evidence regarding its effectiveness as a crime deterrent. As a result, their opposing views differed more strongly than ever. This best illustrates (Points: 1)
confirmation bias.
the belief perseverance phenomenon.
overconfidence.
the framing effect.


20. To combine words into grammatically correct sentences, one needs to adhere to proper rules of (Points: 1)
semantics.
syntax.
nomenclature.
phonics.


21. During the earliest stage of speech development, known as babbling, infants: (Points: 1)
speak in single words that may be barely recognizable.
begin to imitate adult syntax.
make speech sounds only if their hearing is unimpaired.
make speech sounds that do not occur in their parents' native language.


22. Two-year-old Stephen's sentences, "Dad come," "Mom laugh," and "Truck gone," are examples of (Points: 1)
babbling.
artificial grammar.
telegraphic speech.
universal grammar.


23. It is difficult to explain language acquisition solely in terms of imitation and reinforcement because children (Points: 1)
acquire language even in the absence of social interaction.
resent being corrected for grammatical mistakes.
over-generalize grammatical rules, producing speech errors
employ telegraphic speech patterns before speaking in complex sentences.


24. Five-year-old Jaime performs on an intelligence test at a level characteristic of an average 4-year-old. Jaime´s mental age is: (Points: 1)
4
4.5
5
80.


25. Tests designed to predict ability to learn new skills are called ________ tests. (Points: 1)
achievement
interest
reliability
aptitude


26. When Samson was told that he correctly answered 80 percent of the items on a mathematical achievement test, he asked how his performance compared with that of the average test taker. Samson's concern was directly related to the issue of (Points: 1)
standardization.
predictive validity.
reliability.
content validity.


27. Sandra completed the Computer Programming Aptitude Test when she applied for a position with Acme Electronics. Six months later, she took the same test when she applied for a position with another company. The fact that her scores were almost identical on the two occasions suggests that the test has a high degree of (Points: 1)
standardization.
predictive validity.
reliability.
content validity.


28. After learning about his low score on the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test, Tom complained, “I don't believe that test is a measure of intelligence at all.” Tom's statement is equivalent to saying that the Stanford-Binet lacks (Points: 1)
validity.
reliability.
standardization.
norms.

Edited by Customer on 9/11/2007 at 10:54 AM
Submitted: 10 years ago.
Category: Homework