Help PennFoster Art Examination 032024,032025,032027,032039.
Examination Number 03202400 TWO...
TWO DIMENSIONAL DESIGN
1. Of the following colors, which one would you use for a room in which people go to relax?
2. A sense of unity in a work of art is pleasing because
A. all of the elements are the same size.
B. it gives the work organization and structure.
C. it creates symmetry.
D. all of the principles of design depend on unity.
3. Rhythm in a drawing or painting is created with
A. variation of the size of objects.
B. different color and tonal values.
C. energetic brush strokes.
D. repetition or recurrence of visual elements.
4. Where should you locate the center of interest in an artwork?
A. In the area of greatest detail
B. Slightly above the center of the picture plane
C. In an area that suits your vision
D. In the area of brightest color
5. An implied line is one that
A. lead's the viewer's eye to the center of interest.
B. doesn't actually exist.
C. creates a sense of energy.
D. outlines the positive shapes in artwork.
6. The purpose of a viewfinder is to help you to
A. compose a picture.
B. determine the orientation your artwork.
C. add rhythm to your work.
D. select a color scheme.
7. Which one of the following diagrams is an example of informal balance?
8. An abstraction is a(n)
A. object that's been removed from the actual subject.
B. method of leading your viewer's eye.
C. specific type of artwork.
D. method of blending tones on a gray scale.
9. Placing elements together with different properties that enhance or intensify each other creates
10. Which one of the following statements describes a potential problem when formal balance is used in a composition?
A. Symmetry can prematurely arrest the viewer's eye.
B. It can create too much negative space.
C. Viewers have a hard time understanding a drawing with formal balance.
D. Because symmetry is unpleasant to the eye, viewers become confused and uncomfortable.
11. Which one of the following pairs represents objects with harmony of shape?
A. An apple and a banana
B. Bricks and cobblestones
C. A box of cereal and a can of juice
D. A wooden crate and a pail
12. The purpose of a framing device is to
A. keep the edges of the drawing from appearing underdeveloped.
B. create unity with a piece of artwork.
C. create contrast between the center of interest and other objects.
D. make the viewer's eye circle back to the center of interest.
13. The goal of any piece of art should be to
A. combine all elements and principles of design.
B. create a completely harmonious design.
C. reproduce its subject realistically.
D. express the artist's vision.
14. The term ground is synonymous with
A. picture plane.
B. positive space.
15. Which one of the following statements is true for the viewer's eye?
A. It should travel in one side of the artwork and out the other.
B. It should be directed toward the center of interest.
C. As it moves toward the center of interest, it should have several interesting objects to stop and study.
D. It should land on the point of interest first and then travel toward the secondary areas of interest.
16. A pattern that becomes visually dominant tends to
A. detract from an artwork's theme.
B. create a sense of formal balance.
C. make objects appear larger.
D. flatten out an image.
17. If you want to really see an object you're going to draw or paint, you should
A. forget what you know about the subject.
B. analyze it through a viewfinder.
C. make a thumbnail sketch of the object.
D. practice drawing it with different color values.
18. How can you create harmony in a work of art?
A. Visually examine your subject before you draw it.
B. Use strong directional lines.
C. Combine elements that have something in common.
D. Create contrast between the foreground and background.
19. How can you achieve the principle of visual balance in your artwork?
A. Place all objects equidistant from the center.
B. Place dark objects in the foreground and light objects in the background.
C. Make the size of each object the same as its distance from the center of the composition.
D. Position objects from the center in proportion to their size and weight.
20. Which one of the following words or phrases best describes the tonal values in a work of art?
C. Range of lights and darks
D. Saturation of colors
1. The range of dark and light blue in the sky refers to the _______ of this color.
B. color temperature
2. In the summer, you're assigned to take a photograph of a lighthouse. It's essential that the color temperature of this photograph be "cool." The best time of day for you to take this photo would be
A. 7:00 A.M.
B. 11:00 A.M.
C. 12:00 P.M.
D. 3:00 P.M.
3. A new house is being built and the designers want the indoor lighting to have a high color temperature. Which of the following would be the best type of lighting to install?
A. Incandescent lighting
B. Flourescent lighting
C. Table lamps
4. You're asked to set up a still-life arrangement of objects for a drawing class, including the lighting. You know that if you add too much light to the objects, the
A. hues will be intensified.
B. objects will appear more three-dimensional.
C. surfaces will seem to flatten out.
D. tonal colors will become more pronounced.
5. You wish to darken a particular shade of blue, so you try adding layers of blue colored pencil. However, this doesn't make the blue as dark as you would like it to be. Your next step, then, should be to add layers of
B. blue's complement.
D. red or violet.
6. Which of the following groups of colors would best communicate a solemn mood?
A. Shades and tints of yellow
B. Red and green
C. Red, yellow and blue
D. Blue, blue-violet, and violet
7. When your brain automatically seeks the complements of highly saturated colors, this visual phenomenon is called a(n)
A. simultaneous contrast.
B. contrasting complementary color.
C. complementary split.
8. To make objects appear to recede into the background, your best bet would be to
A. use fully saturated hues.
B. accentuate details.
C. dull or lower the intensity of the color.
D. enlarge the objects.
9. Of the following mediums, only _______ are considered volume colors.
A. colored pencils
B. watercolor paints
C. oil paints
D. colored pastels
10. During World War I, a tabloid was published with the word "revolution" appearing in color on the paper's masthead. Which of the following colors do you think was used to attract attention and reinforce the implications of this word?
11. If you wish to balance complementary colors so that they'll appear static and harmonious, it's important to
A. use the proper proportions of each color.
B. work only with split complementary colors.
C. combine one part of one hue with six parts of its complement.
D. mix the complements with black and white.
12. You've been asked to create a color drawing outdoors at a time of day when the sun produces high-contrast light and many shadows. Which of the following would make up an appropriate palette for drawing the shadows?
B. Values of gray
C. Complementary colors
D. Analogous colors
13. You're designing a poster that's to announce a rock concert. From the choices below, select one essential visual consideration that will make the poster "eye-catching."
A. Use textured paper.
B. Implement contrasting colors.
C. Include aerial perspective.
D. Use middle tones only.
14. You take the design for the poster from Question 13 to a commercial printer. Which of the following abbreviations represent the range of color that he or she will use?
15. A stage director wants yellow light projected onto his actors. What filters should he place over white light to achieve this effect?
A. Red and blue
B. Blue and green
C. Green and red
D. Cyan and magenta
16. Working with a limited palette of colors still allows for a wide range of colors. Of the following groups and combinations, _______ will give you the most variations.
A. "hue + shades + tints"
B. analogous hues
C. "hue + complement"
D. primary hues
17. A video technician must be knowledgeable as to
A. the inner workings of a computer.
B. RGB signals and additive color.
C. how broadcast signals are transmitted.
D. subtractive colors and the principles of mixing them.
18. Which of the following statements pertaining to color is most accurate?
A. Violet tends to suggest royalty or majestic splendor.
B. Making colors lighter or darker doesn't alter their overall emotional effect.
C. Green most often signifies warmth, festivity, and autumn.
D. An artist who allows personal experience to affect his or her color choices is still in the "beginner" phase.
19. When an artist is working with _______, he or she is said to be working with additive color; when an artist is working with _______, he or she is said to be working with subtractive color.
A. oil paints; watercolors
B. watercolors; colored pencil
C. colored pencil; light
D. light; pigment
20. If you were to take three photographs of the same object outdoors on a clear day—one in the early morning, one at noon, and another near sunset—you would expect the color of the object to appear
A. the same in all three photographs.
B. orange-red in the picture taken at noon.
C. "flat" in the photos taken in the early morning and at dusk.
D. slightly different in each photo.
1. Which of the following statements regarding the use of pastels with other mediums is true?
A. Pastels should never be used for accents in a watercolor painting.
B. An artist can effectively add charcoal over a pastel rendering.
C. Pastel tends to deaden the appearance of pen ink and acrylic.
D. Drawings made in other mediums should ideally then be rendered into pastel.
2. Why is illustration board not suitable for pastel painting?
A. The surface is too rough.
B. It's coated and won't accept pastel.
C. The surface is too hard to make good use of the medium.
D. It can't be framed.
3. When you need to make corrections in pastel, it's important that you
A. erase by rubbing the area lightly with your fingertips.
B. gently pull up excess pigment with masking tape before using a kneaded eraser.
C. sweep the area with your hand after erasing to ensure the area is clean.
D. use a soft pencil eraser and touch the eraser lightly to the area to remove eraser debris.
4. If you're drawing a realistic portrait of a wild animal, it's important to research the
A. origin of the animal's species.
B. animal's natural habitat.
C. diet of the animal.
D. mortality rates of similar animals.
5. Which of the following characteristics is common to all young animals that live on vegetation, such as baby deer or young horses?
A. Eyes placed toward the sides of the head
B. Ears that tilt forward
C. Extremely long legs
D. Short tails and short legs
6. The eyes of the _______ contain pupils that are horizontally oval.
7. Which of the following best describes the difference between a dog's nose and a cat's nose?
A. A cat's nose is soft and pink, while a dog's nose is hard and leathery.
B. A dog's nose is usually curved; a cat's nose is flat.
C. A dog's nose is as wide as the length from one pupil to the other; a cat's nose is as wide as the length between the inner corners of its eyes.
D. A cat's nose is set lower on the muzzle than a dog's nose.
8. Which of the following is a characteristic of pastel chalk?
A. Sticks have a slick, waxy feel.
B. Colors blend smoothly.
C. A great amount of drying time is required.
D. Drawings remain undisturbed by fixative.
9. "Aqua pastels" are best described as
A. blue-green pastels used to draw water.
B. water-soluble pastels used to create a watercolor effect.
C. the range of colors from yellow-green to blue-violet.
D. pastels that produce only pale tints of each color.
10. A cobalt blue pastel stick is labeled as "87." From this grade, you know that
A. this is the lightest value of cobalt blue.
B. the color is at full strength.
C. this pastel is in the wrong color category.
D. the stick is a semi-soft pastel.
11. In terms of its effects on a painting's appearance, sprayed fixative can
A. leave smudges.
B. provide a velvety finish.
C. darken the colors.
D. cause chipping in pasteled areas.
12. Which of the following should you attempt first when creating an animal portrait?
A. Create a rough sketch incorporating basic forms
B. Indicate the hair texture
C. Color in the background
D. Draw the eyes and nose
13. Which of the following statements is most accurate?
A. Beginning artists are encouraged to use white paper for all of their pastel renderings.
B. When working with pastels, the smoother the paper, the better.
C. You should use charcoal paper when extensive blending is required.
D. Velour paper would tend to work against a drawing of sharp, well-defined lines.
14. The eyes of domestic cats can accurately be described as having a _______ and a _______.
A. large iris; round pupil
B. large iris; vertically slit pupil
C. small iris; round pupil
D. small iris; horizontally slit pupil
15. Which of the following statements is true regarding the drawing or painting of animal hair?
A. You can indicate the texture of a glossy coat by drawing only highlights and shadows at cowlick and muscle areas.
B. To truly indicate texture, you must draw the coat hair by hair.
C. Strong highlights and shadows must be drawn for a long-coated animal.
D. Care should be taken to show that the hair grows only in one direction.
16. Paper that's _______ is undesirable for pastel work.
A. extremely rough
17. On which of the following types of paper is it best to use a direct application technique, rather than blending?
18. Of the following, raw sienna can best be described as a
A. color used for details only.
B. pure orange.
C. mix of two separate colors.
D. tone of high-intensity.
19. If you were drawing a baby ape and its mother, which of the following would best describe their relative proportions?
A. The mother has a large body and a large head; the baby has a small body and a small head.
B. The mother has a large head and long arms; the baby has a small head and long arms.
C. The mother has a large head and small shoulders; the baby has a small head and small shoulders.
D. The mother has a large body and a large head; the baby has a small body and a large head.
20. Which of the following allows you to achieve an appearance of blending or changing colors?
C. Covering pastel with a watercolor wash
D. Leaving bare areas on the paper