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1. Sensation is to_________ as perception is

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1. Sensation is to_________      as perception is to
                     encoding; detection
                     detection; interpretation
                      interpretation; organization
                     organization; adaptation

            2. Although Mandume was sitting right next to his parents, he smelled a skunk minutes before they did. Apparently, Mandume has a lower ___________     for skunk odor than his parents have.
                          Accommodation level
                           Tolerance level
                            Olfactory saturation level
                            Absolute threshold
            3. Sensory adaptation refers to:
                      The process by which stimulus energies are changed into action
                      Diminishing sensitivity to an unchanging stimulus.
                      The process of selecting, organizing, and interpreting sensory information.
                      Changes in the shape of the lens as it focuses on objects.

            4. Giulio's bag of marbles is twice as heavy as Jim's. If it takes 5 extra marbles to make Jim's bag feel heavier, it will take 10 extra marbles to make Giulio's bag feel heavier. This best illustrates:
                   the opponent-process theory.
                    frequency theory.
                    Weber's law.

             5. The light-sensitive inner surface of the eye, containing the rods and cones, is                 the
                      Optic nerve
                        retina                &nbs p; 
            6. Under very dim levels of illumination:
                     rods reach their maximum light sensitivity more rapidly than do cones.
                     rods are more light sensitive than cones.
                     it is particularly important to look right at the objects we want to see.
                     all of the above are true.

              7. The sense of touch includes the four basic sensations of:
                      pleasure, pain, warmth, and cold.
                        pain, pressure, hot, and cold
                        wetness, pain, hot, and cold.
                         pressure, pain, warmth, and cold   

              8. Which of the following play the biggest role in our feeling dizzy and unbalanced after a thrilling roller coaster ride?
                             olfactory receptors
                             feature detectors
                             basilar membranes
                             semicircular canals

                 9. The Gestalt principles of proximity and continuity refer to ways in which                  we
                                adapt to perceptual changes.
                               decompose objects into stimuli.
                               activate meaningful perceptual sets.
                             organize stimuli into coherent groups.

               10. Because Carmella, Jorge, and Gail were all sitting behind the same bowling lane, Ruth perceived that they were all members of the same bowling team. This best illustrates the organizational principle of

                   11. The tendency to see complete letters on a lighted sign, even though some of the bulbs are out, illustrates the principle of:
                                         &nbs p;closure.
                                         &nbs p;convergence.
                                         &nbs p; Similarity
                                         &nbs p; Constancy

                  12. As Dick watches his dog running away from him, the binocular cue for depth perception called binocular disparity will ________, and the binocular cue called convergence will _________
                                    Decrease; increase
                                      Increase; decrease
                                      Increase; increase
                                      Decrease; decrease

      13. If you stared at a house as you rode down a street in a car, the trees in front of the house would appear to be moving in the___________ direction as you, and the trees behind the house would appear to be moving in the ___________     direction as you.
                                  Opposite; same
                                    Same; opposite
                                    Same; same
                                    Opposite; opposite
14. Although college textbooks frequently cast a trapezoidal image on the retina, students typically perceive the books as rectangular objects. This illustrates the importance of:
                      relative brightness.
                      linear perspective.
                      shape constancy.

        15. When the moon is near the horizon, it appears larger than when it is high in the sky. This effect is primarily a result of:
                   the slightly dimmer appearance of the horizon moon.
                  the scattering of the horizon moon's light waves at an angle by the            atmosphere.
                  distance cues at the earth's horizon.
                 the brighter appearance of the horizon moon.

          16. Whether we perceive a moving light in the late evening sky as a UFO or as the lights of an airplane may depend on our:
                     perceptual adaptation.
                     retinal disparity.
                     extrasensory perception.
                     perceptual set.

          17. After Carlos had been asleep for about an hour, his heart began to beat faster, his breathing became fast and irregular, and his closed eyes began to dart back and forth. Carlos was most likely experiencing:
                                         &nbs p;     Stage 4 sleep.
                                         &nbs p;      sleep apnea.
                                         &nbs p;      narcolepsy.
                                         &nbs p;     REM sleep

           18. During a heated argument with his teenage daughter, Mr. Reid suddenly lapsed into a state of REM sleep. Mr. Reid apparently suffers from:
                                         &nbs p;      insomnia.
                                         &nbs p;      narcolepsy.
                                         &nbs p;      sleep apnea.
                                         &nbs p;       REM rebound

            19. Mr. Oates always sleeps restlessly, snorting and gasping throughout the night. It is most likely that M. Oates suffers from:
                               Sleep apnea
                               Right terror

            20. According to Freud, people dream in order to:
                        Give expression to personally threatening feelings and desires.
                         Prepare themselves for the challenges of the following day.
                         Strengthen their memories of the preceding day's events.
                         Trigger bursts of neural activity

           21. Vivid dreams often involve sudden and surprising Changes in scene. This best serves to support the theory that dreams
                             Strengthen our memories of the preceding day's events
                             Are expressions of erotic feeling and desires
                             Help to prepare us for the stress and challenges of the following day
                               Are triggered by bursts of neural activity.
             22. Under hypnosis, Mrs. Mohammed is encouraged by her therapist to vividly experience and describe the details of an argument she had with her father when she was a child. The therapist is employing a technique called;
                  age regression.
                  posthypnotic suggestion.
                  temporal dissociation.

            23. After drinking three cans of beer, Akiva felt less guilty about the way he mistreated his wife and children. Akiva's reduced guilt most likely resulted from the fact that his alcohol consumption has:
                 reduced his self-awareness.
                 destroyed some of his brain cells.
                  reduced his sexual desire.
                  destroyed his memory of his shortcomings.
24. Consciousness is:
              the ability to solve problems, reason, and remember.
              our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
               the process of organizing and interpreting sensory information.
               effortless encoding of incidental information into memory.

25. After flying from California to New York, Arthur experienced a restless, sleepless night. His problem was most likely caused by a disruption of his normal:
                  REM sleep.
                 circadian rhythm.
                 hypnogogic state.
                 alpha wave pattern.

26. At 1 :00 a.m. Luis gets out of bed and begins to sleepwalk. An EEG of his brain activity is most likely to indicate the presence of:
                      alpha waves.
                      sleep spindles.
                      REM sleep.
                      delta waves.

27. People can be hypnotically induced to:
            surpass their normal waking levels of physical strength and stamina.
             perform dangerous acts that they would not perform in a normal state.
              recall correctly almost anything that has ever happened to them.
               report significant relief from the pain of placing their arms in ice water.
28. Amphetamines are to________ as barbiturates are to
                          stimulants; depressants
                           hallucinogens; depressants
                           Hallucinogens; stimulants
                           stimulants; Hallucinogens
          29. A time lag between left and right auditory stimulation is important for accurately:
                 locating sounds.
               detecting pitch.
               identifying timbre.
               judging amplitude

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