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sent : May 30 2006 at 9:50pm
Local Standards and Regulations
1. Mrs. Carroll and her sister want to keep their taxes low and keep Ms. Howard's liability to the amount of her original investment. Which type of business arrangement would be best for them?
A. Sole proprietorship
B. General partnership
C. Limited partnership
2. Mrs. Carroll and Ms. Howard decide to divide all profits and share all losses using a fixed ratio. If the ratio agreed upon is in proportion to their original investment, what would be Ms. Howard's share of a $60,000 end-of-year profit? (Hint: The original total investment was $32,000â€”$8,000 from Ms. Howard and $24,000 from Mrs. Carroll. Ms. Howard's $8,000 is one-fourth, or 25 percent, of the total.)
3. What type of business tax form do Mrs. Carroll and Ms. Howard need to file 75 days after the close of the fiscal year?
A. Schedule C
B. Form 1065
C. Form 1120
D. Form 990
4. Carefully read the following paragraph:
Learning takes place during all the child's activities and interactions. The classroom is organized to give children opportunities to explore, discover, and grow in a warm, secure environment, with teachers prepared to guide and challenge. We recognize that all children are unique individuals who learn in different ways, at different times, and from each other as well as from adults.
This statement is an example of
B. a philosophy.
D. a goal.
5. You're hoping to receive federal funds for your child care center. According to Title XX of the Social Security Act, you must
A. meet standards of both local and state laws.
B. be accredited in the state in which you operate.
C. first operate your business for a prescribed number of years.
D. limit group size for children ages 0â€“14.
6. The licensing standard for the staff/child ratio in a classroom of three-year-olds is 1:10. You have 22 three-year-olds in your center. What is the minimum number of staff you need to meet the licensing standard?
Questions 7â€“9 are based on the survey results shown in the tally below.
7. What is the largest age group represented?
C. Ages three to five
D. School-age children
8. The survey tally shows a total of _______ working parents. (Hint: Be careful when calculating the number of working parents for families in which both parents work.)
9. According to DHHSDCR, how many groups of 3â€“6 year olds would you need if all the children in that age group were enrolled at your facility?
10. In a day care facility, items such as exit doors and heating appliances are inspected by the
A. zoning committee.
B. building and safety committee.
C. fire department.
D. sanitation department.
11. You've just completed the coursework necessary to receive a CDA credential. You're ready to apply for an assessment. You've decided you want to receive endorsement for infants and toddlers. In what environment would your assessment occur?
A. State-licensed day care center
B. Family day care home
C. Private home using a home visitor
D. Day care facility in a fitness center
12. Carolyn has been operating a licensed day care facility for three years. She's now considering applying for accreditation. Why would Carolyn want to do this?
A. Accreditation represents a level of performance above minimum standards required for licensing.
B. The accreditation remains in effect as long as she's operating the facility.
C. Accreditation is required after three years of operation.
D. Her facility would have programs superior to those of nonaccredited facilities.
13. You're attempting to teach Brian, a preschooler, how to arrange a group of five blocks from largest to smallest. First, you explain what you want him to do; then you do it yourself so he can see what he's supposed to do. As Brian attempts to arrange the blocks himself, you provide encouragement. When he's successful, you reward him with a star sticker. In this situation, you're using the _______ learning method.
14. Recently you've noticed that the supply of disposable diapers at your day care facility is being used faster than usual. You've had to place an order twice this month and you usually order only once each month. You suspect that a new employee may be taking diapers to use for her baby. Finally you see her taking some diapers home and she admits the theft. What type of insurance would cover your loss?
B. Workers' compensation
D. Fidelity bond
15. You're attempting to determine the usable floor space in your day care facility. Which one of the following areas can you include in your calculation?
A. Kitchen for all classrooms
B. Hallway in classroom area
C. Toy shelves in classroom A
D. Bathroom adjacent to classroom A
Reflection and Observation
*1. Which one of the following statements uses language best to present a clear picture of a child's behavior?
A. Leslie ran to the door, greeting his mother with open arms.
B. Carolyn carried her books to the table.
C. Marshall handed the truck to Jacob.
D. Beryl chose a green crayon to color the picture.
2. Suppose you're a young mother with two preschool children. You prefer to take care of them yourself in your own home, rather than place them in a day care program. To earn some money for your family, you decide to become a day care provider for two or three other children. What type of arrangement would you most likely develop?
A. In-home care
B. Family day care
C. Day care center
3. You haven't observed Rachel interacting with other children at the day care facility where you work. Usually she just plays alone with the dolls available at the center. What can you do so that you can observe her interacting with other children?
A. Ask her to draw a picture of herself playing with other children.
B. Ask another caregiver to play with Rachel and observe them together.
C. Ask her directly, "Why don't you ever play with the other children at the center?"
D. Say to her, "Rachel, will you please help Becky pick out a dress for her doll," and observe what she does.
4. You're caring for three children in your own home: a three-year-old, a four-year-old, and a two-month-old infant. The infant often becomes hungry and wants to be fed just when you're involved in something with the two older children. What should you do with the infant?
A. Put the infant in a location so he or she can watch you and the other two children; then feed the infant when you're through.
B. Have the older two children continue the project on their own while you feed the infant in a separate room.
C. Prop the infant's bottle in the crib so he or she can eat while you continue to help the older children.
D. Hold and feed the infant while you supervise the activity of the older children.
5. Study the following Observation Report.
Child's Name: Chris
Place: Blue Room
Chris went over to the block corner and asked Tom and Carlos if he could help them build. They said OK. As they were building, Chris accidentally knocked part of the building down. "I'll put it back," he said. Then he handed some blocks to Tom. He watched Tom build and then handed them a wedge-shaped piece. "Here's a flag," he said. Chris began putting flags around the building. The teacher asked Chris if he wanted to make some paper flags. He replied, "Not unless Tom makes some, too."
Chris is often involved in a lot of dramatic play with several other boys. He especially likes to be near Tom. Chris seems to look up to him. Once engaged in play, he likes to continue, and will usually not let another child or even the teacher distract him.
The Comments section of this Observation Report contains several inferences. From the following, choose the statement that's a fact, not an inference.
A. Chris is often involved in a lot of dramatic play.
B. He especially likes to be near Tom.
C. He likes to continue, and will usually not let another child or even the teacher distract him.
D. None of the above is a fact.
6. Four-year-old Stephen refuses to take a nap with the other children because he's afraid of the closet close to the nap area. Every day he cries and becomes very upset. According to his mother, he has a similar problem at home. What's the best way for the day care teacher to deal with Stephen's fears?
A. The day care teacher should determine what action to take to resolve Stephen's fears and follow through.
B. Each day care staff member should test a strategy and see which one works best.
C. The day care teacher should discuss the problem with Stephen's parents and jointly decide on a strategy that everyone could follow consistently.
D. The day care teacher should move Stephen to another room.
7. The following record was written by an observer at a day care facility:
Tyrone came into the room this morning looking as if he was mad at the world. He wouldn't speak to the teacher or even look at her. He slumped his way over to the puzzle table and plopped down into a chair. When Toby tried to join him, Tyrone pushed him away. You could tell something was bothering him. The caregiver asked him if he wanted to play at the sand table, but he quickly shook his head no.
This observation record is
8. Read the following conversation between mother and child:
Child: All gone.
Mother: Is your juice all gone?
Child: All gone.
Mother: Do you want more juice?
Child: More juice.
Mother: Can you pour it?
Child: Me pour.
Based on this conversation, you can assume that the age of the child is approximately
A. 12 months.
B. 18 months.
C. 36 months.
D. 48 months.
9. The amount of tattling has suddenly increased in the school-age group at the day care facility where you work. Staff and children find this very annoying. Your job is to find out what's causing and reinforcing the tattling. Which theory should you review for some help?
10. Three-year-old Amy is trying to make letters with a large pencil. Sometimes she holds the pencil in her right hand and sometimes in her left. She grasps the pencil in her fist instead of balancing it between her fingers as an adult does. Which action should her caregiver take?
A. Every time the caregiver sees Amy holding the pencil in her left hand, she should place it in her right one.
B. The caregiver should take no action.
C. The caregiver should show Amy how to hold the pencil correctly and remind her consistently until she holds it correctly.
D. The caregiver should watch which hand Any uses the most and then consistently reinforce the use of that hand.
Licensing, Accreditation, and Certification
1. In order to be eligible for accreditation by the NAEYC, an early childhood program must serve a minimum of _______ children.
2. Which of the following agencies or organizations does not grant certifications?
A. State Department of Education
B. Association Montessori Internationale
C. American Montessori Society
D. Child Welfare League of America
3. The Association Montessori Internationale has _______ Maria Montessori's methods of teaching children.
4. Which of the following is the primary function of certification?
A. To enforce mandatory government regulations
B. To give credit to a facility that meets certain professional standards
C. To grant a credential to an individual as an authorization to teach
D. To set health and safety standards for a child care facility
5. The reason that individual states have specific licensing requirements for child care facilities is to
A. limit the total number of child care facilities.
B. guarantee quality child care.
C. protect the health, safety, and welfare of children.
D. encourage public school systems to develop child care facilities.
6. Most licensing agencies offer an orientation meeting for applicants who want to obtain licensing for a child care facility or a family day care home. This meeting is designed to help the applicant to
A. understand all the regulations and requirements for operating the facility.
B. determine where to open his or her program.
C. locate financial backers for his or her program.
D. understand the fundamentals of the ages and states of child development.
7. Which of the following is a factor that's very important to high-quality child care, but not often covered in state licensing regulations?
A. An annual visit by a representative of the licensing agency
B. A fire safety clearance
C. The group size
D. The staff-to-child ratio
8. How many components of an early childhood program are evaluated by the NAEYC for accreditation?
9. In order to obtain a Child Development Associate credential, you must
A. have a certain level of academic achievement.
B. have a specified number of years of experience.
C. demonstrate certain competencies.
D. provide an album of teaching experiences for evaluation.
10. In zoning ordinances, which type of area is most often designed as acceptable as a site for a child care facility?
A. A commercial area
B. A residential area
C. A heavy industry area
D. A light industry area
11. Which of the following organizations stresses the responsibility of the community for children's wholesome development?
12. A child care facility in a fitness center can operate without a license because
A. exercise facilities for the children are available at the fitness center.
B. the fitness center is a private business.
C. the fitness staff is qualified for child care.
D. the parent is present at the fitness center.
13. When you're ready to obtain licensing for your child care facility, which of the following agencies or departments should you contact first?
A. Your city or county regulatory agency
B. Your local health department
C. Your local fire department
D. Your state licensing agency
14. Which of the following accreditation organizations does not have its headquarters in the United States?
15. According to most state licensing regulations, the minimum average required outdoor play space per child in a child care center is between
A. 60 and 75 square feet.
B. 45 and 60 square feet.
C. 30 and 45 square feet.
D. 25 and 45 square feet.
16. Before a day care facility can be accredited by the NAEYC, the facility must be in operation for at least
A. three months.
B. six months.
C. one year.
D. two years.
17. In which of the following ways do the Montessori organizations differ from the other accrediting groups you learned about in this study unit?
A. You must use their specially designed Montessori materials.
B. You must submit to an on-site visit by the Montessori organization.
C. Your facility must be evaluated by an accreditation committee.
D. You must be a member of the organization before you can be accredited.
18. The primary goal of the National Association for the Education of Young Children is to
A. check the credentials of day care staff.
B. develop a quality curriculum for day care centers.
C. improve the quality of life for young children and their families.
D. license child care centers.
19. To obtain a credential from _______, it's acceptable to have received your training through independent study.
A. the Association Montessori Internationale
B. the American Montessori Society
C. the Child Development Associate training program
D. your State Department of Education
20. Which of the following is the main function of the Child Welfare League of America (CWLA)?
A. To certify teachers
B. To set standards for day care services
C. To certify directors of day care centers
D. To sell specialized curriculum materials
Child Development, Part 2
1. When preparing an environment for school-aged children, the caregiver should ensure that the
A. environment resembles their school setting.
B. children are continually intermixed with the younger children.
C. outdoor area allows them to continually challenge their physical ability.
D. children have the opportunity to relax in a homelike atmosphere.
2. Rachel's parents enrolled her in your after-school program in September. In October, Rachel and another girl named Callye started planning a holiday play for December. They worked on the plan everyday. Soon they became inseparable. In December, parents were invited to watch the play scripted by "best friends" Rachel and Callye.
Based on the information in the above paragraph, Rachel and Callye are most likely _______ years old.
3. A(n) _______ is a characteristic of children at age five.
A. desire to play with children of different ages
B. slowing down of growth and development
C. awkwardness with emerging motor skills
D. understanding of the ramifications of one's actions
4. One of the most important factors in a caregiver's ability to provide quality care is
A. good business sense.
C. knowledge of child development.
D. experience in the field.
5. Keeping information about children confidential
A. is a matter of choice.
B. isn't important.
C. is a fundamental rule.
D. prevents communication.
6. Children develop to their potential when caregivers have
A. realistic expectations.
B. strong values.
C. a philosophy.
7. Which of the following observations of children is the most objective?
A. Chris took a toy truck from Alex. Alex cried, became angry because Chris took the truck, and then stamped his feet on the floor. He snatched the truck back from Chris, and ran to the caregiver.
B. Eddie went to the shelf and chose a teddy bear to play with. He took a plastic spoon and bowl and repeatedly moved the spoon from the bowl to the bear's mouth.
C. Joan was playing with blocks, building a structure, when Missy joined her. Joan looked afraid because Missy was much larger than she. But she eventually overcame her fear and let Missy play with the blocks.
D. When Ann finished drawing with crayons, she put them back in the box and returned the box to the shelf, whereas Sue, obviously less disciplined, left hers scattered on the table.
8. Observational records that contain significant detailed information are usually in what form?
9. Six-, seven-, and eight-year-olds
A. do a great deal of tattling and boasting.
B. make lasting friendships.
C. are seldom aggressive.
D. become logical thinkers.
10. Keeping systematic records of observations of children provides useful information for
A. planning activities.
B. assessing development.
C. reporting to parents.
D. All of the above
11. Differences in the rates of development between boys and girls are most noticeable between ages
A. 5 and 6.
B. 6 and 8.
C. 8 and 10.
D. 10 and 12.
12. An observer who is inconspicuous in the room is being
13. An important key to good observational records is
A. the activity of the subject.
B. the use of language.
C. their length.
D. appropriate format.
14. Caregivers can expect children to take care of their own personal needs by age _______.
15. Observation reports need to make a clear distinction between the description of behaviors and the _____ drawn from the observation.
16. Which of the following is an example of centration?
A. A kindergarten child is unable to recognize whether a group of blocks contains more wooden ones or more round ones.
B. A five-year-old can't color within the lines of a given picture.
C. A young boy can recite his favorite story.
D. A young girl can't write her name.
17. Which of the following groups requires more irregular scheduling than the other three groups?
A. 12- to 18-month-olds
B. 18- to 36-month-olds
C. 3- to 5-year-olds
D. School-aged children
18. How can a caregiver best help a school-aged child who is unsure of assignment instructions given by the teacher?
A. The caregiver should interpret the teacher's instructions.
B. The caregiver should complete part of the assignment to show how it's done.
C. The caregiver should suggest that, in the future, the child should ask the teacher questions when instructions aren't clear.
D. The caregiver should instruct the child to wait until the assignment is due to receive instruction.
19. The "ins" and "outs" of school-age social relationships can be accommodated by having a _______ style of organization for your school-age program.
20. A good technique to prevent children from talking to you while you're observing is to
A. sit far away.
B. avoid eye contact.
C. stand to one side.
D. tell them to go away.
How to Start Your Own Day Care Facility
1. The first step to planning a child care center is to
A. develop your program philosophy.
B. determine the nature of the need for child care facilities in your community.
C. establish goals for the children, parents, staff, and community.
D. determine which method of teaching you'll use.
2. Which of the following best describes why you need to establish goals for your program?
A. Goals will let parents know the philosophy of your program.
B. Goals tell the community how much they can gain from your program.
C. Goals are essential for the children to follow so they may be successful in your program.
D. Goals are set to help you understand what it is that you want to accomplish.
3. Philosophy in a child care program is
A. the basis for developing your basic curriculum or program plans.
B. understanding normal child growth and development.
C. how you'll go about accomplishing your goal.
D. a list of policy considerations for parents to follow.
4. Of the following models of education, which one is more in use than all of the other models combined?
C. Behavior learning
D. Eclectic or traditional
5. Which of the following is not included in an admission and enrollment policies handbook for parents?
A. Hours of operation
B. Orientation policy
C. Rights of the employer and the worker
D. Financial policy
6. Most states have licensing or registration requirements for child care centers and family day care homes. These usually include minimum standards for operation. Which one of the following would you most likely find required in a statement of state licensing standards for child care centers?
A. Philosophy of education
B. Staff pay and discipline procedures
C. Teacher-child ratios
D. Verification of business plan
7. You're writing a description of your eclectic model program for a brochure. Which one of the following sentences would you not use?
A. Classroom is filled with materials that are designed for a specific purpose to be used in a prescribed manner.
B. Child is an active learner.
C. Teacher establishes the environment for the children to interact with.
D. Program recognizes the stages of child development.
8. Which one of the following is an advantage of setting up a family day care home?
A. Your own child or children will have children to play with.
B. You can obtain a tax-exempt status.
C. You'll be eligible for federal aid.
D. You can enroll as many children as you wish.
9. You've decided to open a nonprofit child care center. What is one of the greatest advantages of this type of program?
A. You're more independent since tuition fees are the only source of income.
B. You aren't answerable to the IRS (Internal Revenue Service).
C. Program can receive tax-deductible donations and contributions.
D. You don't have to become involved in politics.
10. Which one of the following is true of a limited partnership?
A. It allows the organizer to retain control rather than sharing it.
B. This association is based on equal status of partners.
C. Obligations and debts are equal for all partners.
D. Limited partners can remain secret.
11. When incorporating a business, which one of the following is not a major step to take?
A. Preparation of articles of incorporation
B. Filing your employee policies with the proper state agency
C. Preparation of bylaws
D. Holding an incorporator's meeting
12. Of the following kinds of insurance, which is required by law for a business with employees?
A. Workers' compensation
13. Some states' regulations prohibit family day care homes from using which one of the following rooms for child care?
B. Upstairs room
C. Living room
D. Family room
14. As described in this study unit, which of the following is the key in a quality child care center?
B. Equipment and supplies
C. A sound budget
15. Of the forms used in a child care program, which of the following would not be required for the children?
A. Fingerprint form
B. Medical form
C. Emergency Identification form
D. Field trip permission form
16. All of the following are methods of bringing your business to the attention of prospective clients. Once your child care business is established, which one could you expect to be the most effective?
A. Newspaper ad
B. Yellow Pages ad
D. Word of mouth
17. Of the steps listed below, which step comes after the other three?
A. Planning space
B. Obtaining insurance
C. Hiring staff
D. Developing goals and policies
18. Which one of the following survey methods probably yields the most accurate information?
A. Telephone questionnaire
B. Mail-in questionnaire
C. On-site questionnaire
D. Shopping center questionnaire
19. Which of the following is paid equally by employer and employee?
A. Workers' compensation
B. FICA tax
C. Unemployment insurance
D. Federal income tax
20. Of all the steps needed for setting up a child care facility, the step that must come first is
A. stating program goals.
B. developing a business plan.
C. assessing child care needs.
D. determining licensing requirements.
Contemporary Child Day Care
1. A child's development is affected most by the
A. financial status of the child's family.
B. social status of the child's family.
C. type of preschool the child attends.
D. quality of parenting and care the child receives from adults.
2. In the years ahead, the need for child care is expected to
A. continue increasing but at a slower rate.
B. increase rapidly.
C. decrease slowly.
D. stay the same.
3. Which of these is considered a benefit of a quality child care program?
A. The child learns to get along with adults and children outside of the nuclear family.
B. The child develops a closer relationship with the mother.
C. The child becomes more attached to the outside caregiver than to the immediate family.
D. The child becomes more dependent on adults outside of the family.
4. Two forces that greatly altered child care in the United States in the nineteenth century were the
A. Great Depression and the Lanham Act.
B. founding of Montessori and the formation of the National Association for Nursery Education.
C. large flow of immigrants and the rise of industrialization.
D. work of Bank Street College and the Merrill Palmer Institute.
5. Two important activities will help to form your child care program design. One activity is studying your program materials and the other is
A. babysitting friends' or relatives' children.
B. observing child care facilities.
C. reading additional books on child care.
D. volunteering to help with kindergarten classes.
6. Which one of the following types of child care is most closely regulated by state and county government?
A. In-home care
B. Home visitor care
C. Family day care
D. Day care center
7. Which one of the following types of child care does not occur in a home setting with home activities?
A. In-home care
B. Home visitor care
C. Family day care
D. Day care center
8. ______ allows you to earn money while caring for your own children.
A. In-home care
B. Home visitor care
C. Family day care
D. A day care center
9. Which of your responsibilities as a caregiver depends largely on where you live?
A. Meeting licensing requirements
B. Meeting children's needs
C. Managing staff
D. Communicating with parents
10. An orientation session in a day care center is one in which a new family
A. briefs the staff on the latest child care methods.
B. is made familiar with the center.
C. answers questions concerning their experiences.
D. explains their program philosophy.
11. Workloads in a child care facility should be
A. heavier for new employees.
B. heavier for older employees.
C. related to the salary paid.
D. distributed as evenly as possible.
12. Under day care licensing, the staff-to-children ratio varies according to the ______ of the children cared for.
B. previous training
13. Family day care accounts for ______ of the full-time child care given outside of a child's family.
A. 15 percent
B. 20 percent
C. almost 25 percent
D. over 80 percent
14. A day care curriculum refers to the
A. hours the facility is open.
B. activities planned for the children.
C. supervision of staff.
D. place where day care takes place.
15. Which one of the following would require the most frequent verbal or written communications with parents?
A. An explanation of the facility's program
B. Referral to special services
C. An explanation of the facility's goals
D. Achievements of and changes in a child
16. As a caregiver, being a good neighbor means
A. cleaning up litter in the neighbor's yard.
B. caring for your neighbor's child.
C. keeping your facility in good condition.
D. loaning things to your neighbor.
17. Planning an annual budget is an important requirement for
A. meeting licensing requirements.
B. being financially sound.
C. providing a safe and healthy environment.
D. managing staff.
18. Which one of the following activities is not directly connected with providing a safe and healthy environment?
A. Recording day-to-day achievements of each child
B. Providing a staffed arrival and departure area
C. Washing hands after diapering children
D. Recording health evaluations of each child
19. Which one of the following would be considered primarily a large-muscle activity?
A. Putting a puzzle together
B. Dressing a doll
C. Dialing a toy telephone
D. Riding a rocking horse
20. Dorothy decides that she would like to open and operate a day care facility in her neighborhood. As a result of questions and surveys, she determines a day care center is just what her town should have. She and her husband figure what it will cost to start and keep the center going. She then decides on activities, and finds and trains several assistants. What important step has Dorothy overlooked?
A. Determining the need for a center
B. Determining and complying with licensing requirements
C. Developing a program
D. Determining and meeting start-up and maintenance costs
Child Development, Part 1
1. Which of these descriptions of Julie best depicts growth as it's defined in this study unit?
A. Julie loves to paint with watercolors.
B. Julie cried when her cat cut its paw.
C. Julie's legs are four times as long as they were when she was born.
D. Julie has learned how to tie her shoelaces.
2. Which of these characteristics of five-year-old Eric is most likely a result of environment rather than heredity?
A. Eric has type-O blood.
B. Eric is taller than his age-mates.
C. XXXXX XXXXXkes to play baseball.
D. Eric has fair skin and freckles.
3. Which of the following is an example of the concepts of growth and development functioning together?
A. Children learning to print their names
B. Children becoming taller
C. Hands and feet of newborns becoming rounded with a well-padded look
D. Children gaining weight
4. Which point of view concerning growth and development does this definition describe? "Behavior changes as a result of observing people in various situations."
A. Psychoanalytic theory
C. Social learning theory
5. The ability to pick up small objects, to stack objects, and to carry objects appears first during which time period?
A. Birth to six months
B. Six to twelve months
C. Twelve to eighteen months
D. After two years
6. A child between the ages of three and five years has developed fine motor skills such that he or she can
A. ride a bicycle.
B. use a needle and thread for sewing.
C. draw, color, and trace pictures.
D. prepare food using recipes and the stove.
7. Which developmental theory explains children's behavior in relation to development of thought processes?
8. A baby is usually able to do some self-feeding with soft finger food at about the age of _______ months.
9. During the prenatal period, a human being is called a(n)
10. Infants can sit with support when they're approximately _______ old.
A. one month
B. two months
C. four months
D. six months
11. Caregivers should begin to offer babies objects to hold when they're approximately _______ old.
A. one month
B. two months
C. three months
D. four months
12. The ability of a child to stand and perhaps climb usually occurs around the age of _______ months.
13. Which of these statements concerning receptive and expressive language in babies' development is true?
A. Receptive and expressive language development advance at the same pace.
B. Expressive language development occurs at a faster rate than receptive language development.
C. There's no relationship between receptive and expressive language development.
D. Receptive language development occurs at a faster rate than expressive language development.
14. The concept of a separate self which toddlers develop is referred to as
15. The cognitive theory that focuses specifically on the relationship between a child's stage of development and how the child thinks was developed by
16. _______ theories consider the child's culture as an important influence on development.
17. During the critical period of a child's life, the first five years, trust and self-confidence are developed when _______ is/are present in the environment.
A. ecological systems
B. many caregivers
C. reinforcement rewards
D. consistent and nurturing care
18. Environments for infants need to provide many opportunities for
A. watching other babies.
B. playing with each other.
C. sensory exploration.
19. The growth sequence of a human being from inside to outside is known as
20. Self-concept is how a child
A. appears to other people.
B. sees himself or herself.
C. sees other people.
D. accepts the help of a caregiver.