Hello from JustAnswer.
Condoms provide strong protection against transmission of HIV. It is not 100% protection, but it is quite good. We usually do not routinely perform HIV testing after every encounter of protected sex, although it is recommended that all adults be tested for HIV regularly.
If someone has typical symptoms of an acute HIV infection, or acute retroviral syndrome, such as fever, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, rash, and muscle aches, then that could be more of a concern, but having only one or two of these symptoms is less concerning.
As a general rule, our threshold for testing is low, as there is little risk from testing, and a negative result can be reassuring. So, even though the limited symptoms in someone with only protected intercourse is less concerning, if your were seen in my office, I would usually check an HIV test.
If I can provide any further information, please let me know.