Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder. It is characterized by subjective difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, despite adequate opportunity and results in daytime impairment. Complications include cognitive decline, reduced quality of life, hypertension, increased likelihood of receiving disability benefits, work absenteeism, and traffic accidents.
First off, good sleep hygiene including avoidance of caffeine and alcohol for several hours before bedtime and regular moderate exercise improves sleep quality and insomnia.
Melatonin will be the safest medication. It is over the counter.
You other options include:
-short-intermediate acting benzodiazepine hypnotic (such as temazepam, estazolam, or lorazepam)
-nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic sedative (such as, zolpidem, eszopiclone, or zaleplon)
-melatonin receptor agonist (ramelteon)
I hope this helps!
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