Like every state, Ohio looks at your recent work history and earnings during a one-year "base period" to determine your eligibility for unemployment. In Ohio, as in most states, the base period is the earliest four of the five complete calendar quarters before you filed your benefits claim. For example, if you filed your claim in August of 2015, the base period would be from April 1, 2014, through March 31, 2015.
To qualify for benefits in Ohio, you must meet both of these requirements:
- You must have worked at least 20 weeks during the base period.
- You must have earned an average of at least $237 per week during the base period. (This amount is for 2015; it changes each year.) To find out whether you meet this requirement, divide your total earnings during the base period by the total number of weeks in which you worked.
Layoffs. If you were laid off, lost your job in a reduction-in-force (RIF), or got "downsized" for economic reasons, you will meet this requirement.
Firing. If you were fired because you simply weren't a good fit, you won’t necessarily be barred from receiving benefits. If, however, you were fired for good cause, you may be disqualified from receiving benefits. For example, if you were fired for failing to perform your job duties or willfully violating company policies of which you were aware, you might not be eligible for benefits.
Quitting. If you quit your job, you won't be eligible for unemployment benefits unless you had just cause to leave your job. In general, just cause means that you had a compelling, job-related reason for leaving the position and a reasonably careful person would have done the same in your circumstances. If you left your job because of sexual harassment that your employer refused to protect you from after being put on notice, you may be able to collect benefits. You will also likely be eligible if you were forced to work in unsafe conditions or your employer failed to pay you fully for your work.
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