1. Which one of the following sentences contains an unnecessary word?
A. Why don't you leave before the crowd arrives?
B. The snake raised up its head and struck.
C. She left early, though he told her not to.
D. Rich was angry, but he concealed his feelings.
2. Choose the connective that belongs in the blank. She left the party early. Next she went to a movie. _______ she went home.
3. Which of the following topics would lend itself only to a formal style of writing?
A. Folk Songs I Have Sung
B. Psychological Effects of Nuclear Weapons
C. How I Lost 10 Pounds
D. Why Living in the Country Is Better Than Living in the City
4. Choose the connective that belongs in the blank in the following sentence. I like to play baseball. _______, I can't throw a ball very well.
B. In fact
C. For instance
5. Which of the following sentences has a compound predicate?
A. She raced along the path to beat him to the beach.
B. While he swam, she collected shells.
C. She washed the shells and dried them in the sun.
D. She placed the shells in a plastic bag while he dried himself off.
6. Which of the following sentences has a dangling modifier?
A. When the storm began to abate, we went home.
B. By the light of the moon, I tripped over a rock.
C. The dog that is man's best friend is cat's worst enemy.
D. On the way to the bank, the interest rates went down.
7. Choose the connective that belongs in the blank in the following sentence. Everyone appeared to be having a good time. _______, my impressions may have been wrong.
A. In fact
B. In other words
D. Of course
8. Which one of these statements would be considered inappropriate in formal writing?
A. Dr. Thomson arrives promptly each morning.
B. He hates to be late.
C. He reviews the reports of his assistants.
D. Next, he prepares to conduct his experiments.
9. A clause from sentence (i) has been turned into a(n) _______ in sentence (ii). (i) Since she knew what the lecture was about, she didn't attend the meeting. (ii) Knowing what the lecture was about, she didn't attend the meeting.
A. compound predicate
B. relative pronoun
10. How are the ideas in the following two sentences tied together? The best time I had all summer was the night of Sherry's party. The worst was the next day.
A. A connective
B. Sentences closely connected in meaning
C. Word pointers
D. No connection
11. Which sentence contains a prepositional phrase?
A. With the proper help, they'll complete the project early.
B. Running all the way, he got there early.
C. They sang it, and sang it again.
D. They tried, although they didn't expect to win.
12. Two things to keep in mind when you're deciding whether to use formal or informal English are the
A. opinion and the occasion.
B. occasion and the audience.
C. reader and the audience.
D. reader and the location.
13. Which of the following groups of words is a sentence fragment?
A. When we stopped by the garden.
B. Stop by the garden.
C. We stopped; she didn't.
D. Stopping by the garden, we saw that the flowers were in bloom.
14. What is the name of the common error in the following sentence? Having risen because of the rains, the hikers were unable to cross the river.
A. Infinitive phrase
B. Run-on sentence
C. Dangling modifier
D. Prepositional phrase
15. Which of the following is the best opening sentence for a business letter that you want to sound fairly informal?
A. I am in receipt of your order of February 10.
B. This letter is to make you cognizant of our receipt of your order.
C. Your order of February 10 arrived in our office today.
D. Please be advised that I've just received your order.
16. Which one of the following sentences contains two ideas joined by a connecting word?
A. Frank went fishing on Saturday he caught many fish.
B. Tina arrived at work earlier than usual.
C. Mike ran after the bus.
D. Sally lives with her parents, although she could afford her own apartment.
17. Which of the following is a way you could begin an essay that's about the medical uses of iodine?
A. Last summer, a splinter in my brother's leg became infected, which led to blood poisoning. He could have prevented the problem with a few drops of iodine.
B. The Winter Olympics of 1980 took place in the beautiful area of Lake Placid, New York. Lake Placid is nestled in the Adirondack mountains.
C. Silver iodide is used in photography. Photography is a widespread form of art, and it has become more popular than painting.
D. Although iodine is useful for medical treatments, so are other elements like oxygen, radium, and barium.
18. Which of the following sentences has a relative clause?
A. The audience applauded the ambassador, who spoke for one-half hour.
B. Tony ate the pizza and then went to the movies.
C. Many young people are searching for jobs.
D. The bus stopped at the corner, but she forgot to get off.
19. Sentence (i) has been shortened in sentence (ii) by using a(n) _______. (i) She likes a location that is in the sun. (ii) She likes a sunny location.
20. Which of these is a run-on sentence?
A. I went home and ate and ate.
B. Before lunch, I played volleyball; after lunch I did again.
C. I thought about what he'd said soon I realized he was right.
D. You and I and the whole team will go.
1. Which of the following words is the best close-up word?
2. An antonym is a word that's
A. defined in a thesaurus.
B. the same in meaning.
C. pronounced the same.
D. opposite in meaning.
3. Which one of the following sentences is written in the active voice?
A. Accidents are witnessed every day.
B. However, few people think seriously of doing something about them.
C. Accidents are considered by most people as unavoidable.
D. But it is said that definite steps can be taken to prevent many accidents.
4. To put abstract ideas into close-up words, use _______ descriptions.
5. A synonym is a word that's
A. defined in a thesaurus.
B. similar in meaning.
C. pronounced the same.
D. opposite in meaning.
6. Anna is an exceptional young girl. _______ Anna does any job that needs to be done.
To vary the sentence structure, which one of the following sentences should you insert in the blank?
A. Have you noticed how hard she works?
B. Anna is always working hard at home.
C. Anna works hard every day of her life.
D. Anna is a hardworking and versatile person.
7. When we speak of the flavor of a word, we're talking about the extra understood meanings that it carries in addition to its main meaning. These extra meanings are called
8. Which is the best strategy to follow when you write a report or an essay?
A. Get it right the first time and put it aside until it's due.
B. Revise it over and over for at least three or four years.
C. Write it in one sitting and revise it only once.
D. Work on it over a seven-day period and rewrite it at least twice.
9. Which of the following statements about vocabulary building is not correct?
A. The best way to improve your vocabulary is to memorize lists of vocabulary words.
B. Reading on a daily basis is very important for building your vocabulary.
C. Using the dictionary is only one step in the process of vocabulary building.
D. Pronunciation is an important part of adding new words to your vocabulary.
10. What is the most important point in the following sentence?
My sister, Emily, the tallest girl in her class, has many friends.
A. Emily is my sister.
B. Emily is the tallest girl in her class.
C. Emily has many friends.
D. My sister's name is Emily.
11. Which of the following direct quotations is punctuated properly?
A. "Way to go, Sean," the coach shouted. "That was a great run!"
B. "Way to go, Sean," the coach shouted. "That was a great run"!
C. "Way to go, Sean", the coach shouted. "That was a great run"!
D. "Way to go, Sean", the coach shouted. "That was a great run!"
12. Increasing your vocabulary means
A. you'll write longer sentences.
B. you'll write more lively sentences.
C. you'll spend less time on revision.
D. you'll be able to spend more time reading.
13. A cliché is a _______ expression.
14. Of the following methods, the best way to increase your reading is by
A. reading a new book every day.
B. forcing yourself to read subjects you dislike.
C. setting a goal to read five new pages every night.
D. joining a mail-order book club.
15. Freewriting is an exercise in which you
A. revise and polish an essay.
B. write whatever your thoughts are in no particular order.
C. rewrite an article in a magazine or newspaper.
D. write only grammatically correct sentences.
16. A thesaurus is a book that's useful for finding
A. frequently misspelled words.
C. famous persons.
17. Find the sentence with the active voice.
A. The chairman told me that the legislature passed the bill.
B. It was voted by the legislature to pass.
C. The bill was passed by the legislature.
D. I was told by the chairman that the bill was passed by the legislature.
18. Nelson's hobby is tinkering with small appliances.
Tinkering with implies that Nelson is unskilled at his hobby. You want to change the flavor of this sentence to show that Nelson is, in fact, quite skilled at his hobby. Which of the following should you choose to replace tinkering with so that the reader gets the right idea?
B. Messing with
C. Fiddling with
19. Which one of the following statements about making your writing fun to read is not correct?
A. The conversation you write must sound natural for the characters.
B. Give your writing a personal touch by showing that you're interested in your subject.
C. Direct quotations should be reserved for characters in stories.
D. An anecdote or humorous quotation is often more convincing than a strong argument.
20. Which of the following sentences uses the best close-up words?
A. Sara is pursuing a degree.
B. Sara is pursuing a non-science degree.
C. Sara is studying languages.
D. Sara is studying French and German.
1. You've settled on an idea for an essay to write. What should you do next?
A. Plunge right in and start writing. Then create your outline from what you've written.
B. Ask the reference librarian to help you make a plan and prepare your outline.
C. Look up your topic in the Readers' Guide and use an article you find as a basis for your plan and outline.
D. Conduct interviews, do some research, ask questions, and make a plan.
2. Where should you look to find quick information on the causes of the American Civil War?
B. Readers' Guide
D. Concise Dictionary of American Biography
3. You've come across a book in the card catalog that you think will be useful in your research of famous labor leaders. What three things should you copy from the card so that you know how to find the book?
A. The call number, the title, and the topic
B. The call number, the title, and the author's name
C. The call number, the author's name, and the date of publication
D. The call number, the topic, and the date of publication of a book
4. Where would you look to find an article on recent fashion trends?
A. Readers' Guide
B. Who's Who
C. Card catalog
5. Once you acquire these two basic skills, you'll be able to transform a vague idea in your mind into a coherent piece of writing.
A. Doing interviews and browsing through books
B. Describing people and writing conversation
C. Using the Internet and the on-line catalog
D. Doing research and organizing your ideas
6. A CD-ROM is a compact disk that
A. contains stored information that can be read on a computer.
B. generates random essay topics.
C. allows you to borrow books from any library.
D. regulates the Library of Congress.
7. Which of the following skills is most important in learning how to write?
A. Knowing proper punctuation before you write
B. Knowing proper grammar before you write
C. Knowing how to plan before you write
D. Knowing how to use the Readers' Guide before you write
8. A search engine is a way to
A. find information on the Internet.
B. revise a rough draft.
C. borrow reference books in the library.
D. speak with a reference librarian.
9. A disadvantage of using a sentence outline instead of a topic outline is that a sentence outline is often
D. factually grounded.
10. The on-line catalog is a computerized index of
A. books in a library.
B. library telephone numbers.
C. library patrons.
D. reference librarians.
11. What is one problem you should keep in mind when researching information on the Internet?
A. Information is seldom available on the Internet.
B. Library staff usually keep Internet computers locked.
C. Information found on the Internet may be unreliable.
D. You should avoid using search engines when you're searching for information on the Internet.
12. The Dewey decimal system is the classification system used by
A. scientific articles in magazines.
B. the Internet.
C. most research and university libraries.
D. most public libraries in the United States.
13. Reference librarians are specially trained to help you
A. get a library card.
B. research a topic.
C. sign out videotapes.
D. create an outline.
14. University libraries are _______ to the public.
15. The World Almanac is a book of
A. articles published in magazines.
B. facts and statistics.
D. living notable Americans.
16. Parallel construction means that you
A. begin each paragraph of your essay in the same way.
B. repeat the first paragraph of your essay as the last paragraph.
C. give both sides of the argument in your essay.
D. use the same grammatical construction in all similar headings throughout an outline.
17. What is the most reliable way to get the opinions of experts on any writing topic?
A. Do research at a library.
B. Call them to set up interviews.
C. Write to them and hope for an answer.
D. Contact them on the Internet.
18. You need to write an essay about hot air ballooning. You know you've seen a good book on this topic, but you can't remember the name of the book or the name of the author. How could you most easily find this book in the library?
A. Locate the title card for the book in the card catalog.
B. Locate the author card for the book in the card catalog.
C. Look under "balloons" in the Readers' Guide.
D. Locate the subject card for the book in the card catalog.
19. The position from which you write about your subject is called your
A. point of view.
B. outline of ideas.
20. What do we call an idea that will make the reader take notice and want to read on?
B. Point of view
1. One who does not like women is a(n)
2. One who is awkward and clumsy is
3. One who specializes in the treatment of diseases of the heart is a(n)
4. One who prefers solitude to companionship is an
5. One who specializes in the treatment of infants is a
6. The judge sentenced him to be
7. One who makes a change has made an
8. One who treats ailments of the skin is a(n)
9. One who specializes in treating diseases of the bones and joints is an
10. One who mounts and stuffs animals is a
11. He was arrested for
12. That British aristocrat is wearing a
13. One who treats afflictions of the nervous system is a(n)
14. Nancy and Betty are _______ of West Virginia University.
15. John and I are going to the store. Would you like to come along with
A. me and him?
B. him and I?
C. I and him?
D. him and me?
16. A neurotic is suffering from
17. _______ down and go to sleep.
18. You can feed a(n)
19. The clerk will wait on the person _______ is next.
20. _______ are going for a walk.
A. He and I
B. Me and him
C. Him and me
D. I and he
1. One who deals with the problems of the elderly is a(n)
2. One who grinds lenses according to the prescription of an optometrist is a(an)
3. Mother Teresa was the _______ of love and caring.
4. One who studies and explains human behavior is a(an)
5. The treatment based on the theory of pressure on blood vessels and nerves is
6. An apparatus used to test blood pressure is a(an)
7. One's soul or mental life is one's
8. Pod refers to
9. Which of the following is a person who believes the movements of heavenly bodies affect human events?
10. The Greek verb graphein means
A. to measure.
B. to heal.
C. to write.
D. to laugh.
11. A student of linguistics is a(an)
12. One who studies mankind and its development from primitive cultures is a(an)
13. One who studies different species of insects is a(an)
14. A musical time measurer is a(an)
15. A bibliophile is a(an)
A. book collector.
B. stamp collector.
C. butterfly collector.
D. coin collector.
16. Autonomy refers to
B. splitting in two.
C. parts that represent a whole.
17. An autopsy is a
A. medical examination of living tissue.
B. medical examination of a corpse.
C. study of insects.
D. study of plants.
18. Something that is out of place or doesn't fit is considered
19. A notorious complainer is one who
A. never stops complaining.
B. is skillful at complaining.
C. is well known for complaining.
D. began complaining at an early age.
20. The _______ of the school was a good leader of students and teachers.
1. To condone means to
A. flatter lavishly.
2. A fear of enclosed places is
3. A double entendre is a(an)
A. indefinite and confusing impression of thought.
B. feeling of general discomfort.
C. expression that has two meanings, one of them sexy.
D. lack of equality.
4. Proscribing is
5. Unequivocal means
A. clear, not confusing.
B. lack of equality.
C. impervious to pacifying.
6. A benediction is a(an)
C. equestrian event.
7. To placate is to
A. make unnecessary.
B. work against.
C. change hostility to friendliness.
8. One who is wordy is said to be
9. Laconic means
A. chattering meaninglessly.
B. using few words.
C. noisy, loud.
10. A vociferous child is
11. Banal means
A. unwilling to engage in conversation.
B. fluent and rapid.
C. trite, unoriginal.
D. brilliantly compelling, persuasive.
12. A definition of insomnia is
B. inability to sleep.
13. Verbatim means
A. quoted word for word.
B. pertaining to the back.
C. elegance in talk.
14. One who insists his or her political affiliations are superior to yours is a(an)
15. Somnambulism is
16. The throwing of one's voice is
17. Someone who is urbane is
18. What is a speech to oneself called?
19. One's school or college is
A. a sororicide.
B. a patrimony.
C. an alma mater.
20. One who is easily tricked is said to be
1. Which of the following is spelled correctly?
2. A good feeling, a sense of mental buoyancy is called
3. Affluence means
4. A trite statement is called a(an)
5. Reincarnation means
B. a meat eater.
C. a collection of all things.
D. return to life in a new body.
6. Which of the following is spelled correctly?
7. Which of the following is spelled correctly?
8. Which of the following is spelled correctly?
9. Which of the following is spelled correctly?
C. All right
D. All rite
10. The correct spelling of a word for letter writing material is
11. To _______ a patient's pain is to offer some temporary relief.
12. An acute feeling of homesickness is
13. Which of the following is spelled correctly?
14. The correctly spelled word is
15. The correctly spelled word is
16. The correctly spelled word is
17. To compare a person to a fox, you would use the adjective
18. If you keep changing your mind between two choices, you're
19. To give a hint about something is the same as to
20. Which word is spelled incorrectly?