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I got a 1994 ford ranger 4.0 im working on its running rough…

Customer Question
I got a 1994...

I got a 1994 ford ranger 4.0 im working on its running rough and just smoking black smoke out running way to rich

Mechanic's Assistant: Have you metered out the ignition system?

Yes

Mechanic's Assistant: Are you fixing your Ranger yourself? What have you tried so far?

I have replace mass air flow ssensor and idle air control valve coolant temp and new o2 sensors new tune up and coil pack and wires

Mechanic's Assistant: Anything else you want the mechanic to know before I connect you?

Thats it

Submitted: 7 months ago.Category: Ford
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Answered in 8 minutes by:
9/28/2017
Ford Mechanic: Gunvir Singh,
 replied 7 months ago
Gunvir Singh
Category: Ford
Satisfied Customers: 2,013
Experience: Master Tech at Kennesaw Auto Tech
Verified

Hello, let me review your request. Please stand by.

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Ford Mechanic: Gunvir Singh,
 replied 7 months ago

Does the issue occur when the engine is cold, warmed up or all the time?

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
all the time
Ford Mechanic: Gunvir Singh,
 replied 7 months ago

Have you checked the fuel pressure?

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
i put two new fuel pumps on
Ford Mechanic: Gunvir Singh,
 replied 7 months ago

What is the fuel pressure?

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
let me recheck it
Ford Mechanic: Gunvir Singh,
 replied 7 months ago

Ok.

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
34 pounds
Ford Mechanic: Gunvir Singh,
 replied 7 months ago

That is within specifications. Are you able to communicate with the PCM?

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
my snap on scanner isnt being able to connect to it
Ford Mechanic: Gunvir Singh,
 replied 7 months ago

That could point towards a faulty pcm and can cause the rich condition too. Need to check the wiring test mentioned at the bottom to confirm.

1. Check the voltage of the circuits at the Throttle Position (TP) sensor with the sensor plugged in. The Brown/White (BN/WH) wire should indicate a reading of 5.0 volts. The Grey/Red (GY/RD) wire should indicate a reading of less than 0.1 volts. The Grey/White (GY/WH) wire should indicate a reading of about 1.0 volt.

2. If the GY/RD wire shows high voltage, jumper it to ground through a jumper wire. Recheck the voltage reading of the other two circuits of the TP sensor and recheck scan tool communication to the PCM.

3. If grounding the circuit at the TP sensor results in proper operation and TP sensor voltage readings, check the GY/RD wire for a possible open circuit between the sensor and PCM pin 46. Address the circuit as needed.

4. If the GY/RD wire checks to be ok but there was high voltage on the wire noted at the TP sensor, it would suggest failure of the PCM. The PCM supplies ground to the sensors on this circuit. One way to address the PCM issue without the cost of PCM replacement would be to install a fuse holder with a 10 amp fuse between the GY/RD wire at the PCM and a Black/White (BK/WH) wire at PCM pin 40 or 60. This will re-establish the ground. If the GY/RD wire is intermittently shorting to a power circuit, the fuse will blow instead of damaging a replacement PCM.

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
let me check these out and i willl get back with u
Ford Mechanic: Gunvir Singh,
 replied 7 months ago

Ok

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
it will be tomoorow before i can get the result to u im closing my shop down right now
Ford Mechanic: Gunvir Singh,
 replied 7 months ago

No problem, I will leave the request open. Keep me posted.

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Ford Mechanic: Gunvir Singh,
 replied 7 months ago

Hello, just checking if any updates?

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
I order a new ecm should be in tomorrow or the next day
Ford Mechanic: Gunvir Singh,
 replied 7 months ago

Ok.

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
New ecm n ignition cool pack n plug wires didn't fix anything
Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Scanner showing mass airflow signal out of range
And mass airflow signal to low
Ford Mechanic: Gunvir Singh,
 replied 7 months ago

I'm running out of ideas on this one. I will opt out and let another expert assist you.

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Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago
kalamykid
kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech
Category: Ford
Satisfied Customers: 5,229
Experience: I HAVE OWNED MY OWN SHOP FOR OVER THREE YEARS. I HAVE THE TOOLS AND SOFTWARE TO ANSWERE ALMOST ANY Q
Verified

Have you run a compression test on all the cylinders yet?

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
180 psi on each cylinder
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

Have you checked the fuel pressure regulator to see if there is fuel in the vacuum line?

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
it's dry
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

Do you have a scan tool that shows live engine data?

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
btw the middle fuel injector on the passenger side when I unplugged it it doesn't do anything no different in idle or anything
Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Power on the injector plugMy scan tool
Shows mass airflow signal
Out of range
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

What are your st and lt trim readings?

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
I will have to look tomorrow when I open up the shop
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

Can you also put a vacuum gauge on a main intake port and see what the vacuum pressures are?

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Ok I will
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

Thank you. With this data i should be able to help you find and fix his problem.

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Thank u sir I will let u know later this morning
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

You are very welcome. Chat with you latter today.

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Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

Does the lt trim move off of 0% if you hold the rpms at around 2000?

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Lftrim stay at 0
Sftrim is at -14
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

In the pic you sent the s trim was at -23. Was that with the engine not running?

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Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

The computer is trying to pull fuel out of the engine. Can you do a fuel pressure test and see how high the fuel pressure is going? Also see how long it takes the for fuel pressure to drop after you shut the engine off please.

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
I'm waiting on my tester to come in the mail
Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Engine was running in the pics
Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Vacuum is at 20
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

What tester are you waiting for?

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Fuel pressure tester I got it in the mail today but I done closed the shopTomorrow when I get free I'll hook it up n see I might just pay the extra n talk to u on the phoneThis customer is ready for his truck to he fixed
Customer reply replied 7 months ago
I got a video of the vacuum gauge but it won't let me upload it
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

Did it hold a steady vacuum or was it jumping up and down?

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Up n down is there a way I can send it to u
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

Not that I know of. Can you tell me how low it would go when it was bouncing?

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Video
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

The vacuum.

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Trying to upload the video but it's saying its to big
Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Can u text me so I can send u the video or email it to u?
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

Do not worry about the video, how low did the vacuum go ?

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
18 to 20 at idle but when I gave it gas it went from 20 to 0 the first time n then it went from 25 to 5 n then level back out around 18 to 20 at idle
Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Watch the video again n after I gave it gas it went down to pass 20 n stayed there
Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Maybe 23
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

The vacuum dropping to 0 when you opened the throttle is normal. I do not believe that vacuum is a problem, from what you are saying it is acting normal. Lets see what the fuel pressure test shows us tomorrow.

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Ok but after that first time it hitting zero when u throttle it the other 4 times it only went to 5 n 10 n went back down below 25 n the level out
Customer reply replied 7 months ago
that fuel injector I told u earlier when I unplugged it it doesn't effect the running at all
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

I suspect that that injector is leaking to much fuel into the cylinder.

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
That one that doesn't effect anything when I unplugged it?
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

Yes.

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
I should pull that spark plug n see if it's wet right
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

Lets see what the fuel pressure does first.

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Ok let u know tomorrow
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

Thank you

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
30 lbs of fuel pressure while runningAnd takes about a min once the engine shuts off to go down to 0
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

That is not so good. That is less then half what it should be. It should have been 65-72 psi and it should have held for at least an hour. Do you have a noid light?

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Power probe ?
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

You need a noid light to check for injector pulse. A power probe will not do the trick. This is what I need you to do for me. Unplug the ignition coil so the coil can not fire any of the plugs. Turn the ignition switch on, and bump the starter a couple of times, not to turn the engie over, but to bump it like you where trying to set the timing and just needed the crank to turn a degree or two. This will get the injectors to fire a couple of times. Then pull the plugs out and see if any of them are wet.

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Ok I'll do that first thing in the morning
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

If any of the plugs are soaked, we will need to test the injectors, but you will have to get a noid light to do so.

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Where do I get a noid light
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

Oreilly's and advance auto parts have them on there tool loaner program.

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Customer reply replied 7 months ago
Ok I might swing by n get one tomorrow
Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

Chat with you in the morning.

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Ford Mechanic: kalamykid, Shop Owner/ Tech replied 7 months ago

Just wanted to check in with you and see how things where going?

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Satisfied Customers: 5,229
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