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1. This is a novel issue and tricky at best. Normally, one would file, in the trial court, what is known as a special appearance first in which he would argue that he is contesting the jurisdiction of the court to rule on the case and that all other papers filed THEREAFTER are being filed subject to the special appearance. BUT, it appears that in your case, this never happened.
2. Here are the NY rules of appellate procedure. I did not see any such rule allowing a special appearance per se; however, that is not to say that one could not draft an objection based on jurisdiction and file it as a special appearance and accomplish the same thing. MORE TO COME...
3. One good option to consider is to wait and challenge jurisdiction when she goes to domesticate and enforce any NY court's decision against you in Florida. The U.S. Constitution requires that each state give “full faith and credit” to judgments of other states. Consistent with this mandate, the Florida Enforcement of Foreign Judgments Act provides a process for litigants to enforce out-of-state judgments in Florida. However, as Florida’s Court of Appeal held in Spano v. Wells Fargo Equipment Finance, a foreign judgment is not valid if the foreign court itself lacked jurisdiction over the defendant.
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Here is a cite to the Spano case.