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Was this your husband or just a boyfriend?
How old is the child?
Does he pay court ordered child support for the child?
Ok, this is a little complicated after all this time, but you would need to file a formal paternity lawsuit against the alleged father and have him submit to a court ordered DNA test. Once that comes back and disproves paternity, then the judge would issue an order removing his name from the birth certificate.
If no case has ever been filed in any other state, then you can file wherever you are located now.
You could either hire a family law attorney to assist with this or go directly to the local District Attorney's Child Support division and they will help file the case under the guise of it being you seeking child support.
Not without the alleged father signing off on a name change petition stating he had no problem with it. But if he is willing to sign the minor name change petition voluntarily, then there really isnt' a problem here because you can get the name change petition from the courts, complete it, have the father sign off on it, then you file it and have a short hearing with the judge where he would then issue an order changing the children's last names. It won't remove the father from their birth certificate though.
You would file a paternity lawsuit where you are located and they would then subpoena him to come to court for the test.. It is possible that the court could allow a remote test through the GA courts since he is far away.
And no, that is the only way to get him removed. There is no "Judge, we changed our minds 9 years later and don't want him on the birth certificate" argument that you can make solely. If he is on the birth certificates, then legally you could force him to pay child support, whether he wants to or not. When you add someone as a father on a birth certificate, they become legally responsible for supporting the children and if he didn't want to assume that role, then he shouldn't have agreed to be added. So if he won't agree to do this voluntarily, you can seek child support from him and in order for him to avoid being liable for it for the next 7 years for both children, he would have to submit to the DNA test.
You can file a paternity action against the actual bio father... but then you kind of get into a grey area about falsifying a legal document when you and the military guy decided to add him knowing he wasn't the legal parent..
But if you maintained that you didn't know for sure, and now you feel sure, then you could probably get away with it without the court taking too close a look at it.