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I'm Lucy, and I'd be happy to answer your questions today.
Under Texas law, to withhold money from someone's paycheck, the company needs either a court order or the worker's written consent at the time of the deduction. It's not enough that he promised to pay, you'd need something specifically authorizing you to take the money out of his paycheck. Tex. Labor Code, Section 61.018. This is true even though he's a co-owner.
When one of you eventually files for divorce, you can get a court order for child support and a withholding order if he won't sign anything. Once that's in place, you'll be allowed to take the money directly. Note, though, that for bookkeeping and tax purposes, the money withheld from him should be sent to you as a separate check and not as part of your normal paychecks.
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It's a third degree felony to illegally withhold an employee's wages. It's not a defense that the employee really does owe you the money withheld, because you have to follow proper procedure.
You're free to report him for stealing from the business. The business could bring a lawsuit against him and use a judgement to withhold THAT money from his wages. But that wouldn't be child support, and it's not part of any support case you'd have against him.
You would call the police non-emergency number and tell them you want to report theft.
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