Hello; fortunately the law is designed so that the court only has jurisdiction to modify child support orders going forward; they cannot modify past child support as those payments are due monthly, and when they become due, they become arrears if not paid.
Basically a court has jurisdiction to order child support modification requests retroactive to the date of the filing of the request- so if I have a child support order from 1/1/2000 that states that I must pay $100 a month, if I file a requested modification on 8/23/2016 requesting that support be lowered to $50, and the court holds a hearing on the issue on 9/23/16, the court, on 9/23/16, can make the order retroactive to the filing date- i.e. 8/23/16, and not earlier.
Basically the court knows that a parent will rely on those payments and expect to receive them at some point in the future, so equity would not be served by modifying them.
A new spouse is not liable for the other's child support obligation.If, however, the parent has lower expenses due to the new spouse, the court may take that into consideration and order higher support payments (going forward).
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Information provided is for educational purposes only. Consultation with a personal attorney is always recommended so your particular facts may be considered. Thank you and take care.