Thank you for your patience as I reviewed this. Here is the legal definition of a parent, as defined by FERPA, the federal act governing school records:
an individual acting as a parent in the absence of a parent or guardian.” 34 C.F.R. §99.3
The courts have found that if the step parent lives in a home that has the children present at least part of the time, they are considered a parent for purposes of FERPA and can have access to the records:
This is contingent upon the step parent's marriage to the spouse, and it does not survive a divorce.
A parent may obtain a court order restricting access to a step parent and that can be provided to the schools, in which case that information would only be available to the child's true parents.
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Information provided is for educational purposes only. Consultation with a personal attorney is always recommended so your particular facts may be considered. Thank you and take care.