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So mother put her partner on the deed to the house, correct?
Has she ever been declared legally or medically incompetent by a judge or her doctors?
And she wants to sell the house now even though partner is on the deed, correct?
Ok, then in a situation like this, what mother did when she added her to the deed is make a gift of half the property to the partner. That means that they now own the property 50/50.
So if the property was sold, they would split any proceeds after any mortgage was paid off.
If mother wants to just sell the property and the partner refuses, then she would have to file a "partition action" in the local court to have a judge order a sale of the property at public auction to the highest bidder. This is an absolute right that any owner has so they can "cash out" their interest in the property. She would need a local real estate attorney to assist in filing the partition action because it is basically a mini lawsuit.
The only way mother could challenge the deed as being void would be if her doctors were to testify at the time of the signing of the deed, she was so mentally incapacitated so as to not understand what she was doing.