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The calculation is going to include all income reported on a tax return, which includes business income that is reported on a Schedule C. Whether other business income would be considered is going to depend on things like whether business income was frequently withdrawn to cover living expenses during the marriage, whether the spouse uses business accounts to pay personal expenses, whether the spouse intentionally takes a low salary in an effort to try to reduce alimony, whether the spouse who owns the business is a sole owner or one of many, and things like that. The judge is allowed to look at total business income and expenses vs. the reported wages taken from the business vs. the marital standard of living to see whether something isn't adding up.
Note also that the spouse who does not own the business may be entitled to a portion of the other spouse's interest, especially if the business was started during the marriage or if the non-owner spouse worked to increase the value of the business during the marriage.
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With a business, the judge is usually looking at income after expenses, because that's what goes on the Schedule C. But when it's really obvious that someone is racking up expenses to make their income appear smaller, or refusing to pay himself a salary from a profitable business just to avoid paying alimony, the judge can impute additional income to that spouse. People do this a lot, but judges are pretty smart. You can produce evidence that shows the actual funds available to him. That may include subpoenaing bank and credit card statements from the business.
Every living expense paid for by the business is going to be considered part of his wages, which will add to total income. That should help, especially if the business pays for things like a car, insurance, and cell phone.
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