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We're only supposed to answer one question per thread. However, if your second and third are actually the same question then I'd be willing to go ahead and assist since the answer to the first question is pretty simple. Are the medicare statements and the government statements the same thing?
Technically we're not supposed to answer this many but it's a little slow and the answers are pretty short so I'll go ahead and we'll just mark it down to "customer satisfaction" if the website asks.
On the first issue regarding objections, it's not an automatic preclusion from objecting later. There is no state wide rule on this issue so it is up to the local court but a judge can always allow an objection at a later point if they choose to do so.
Medicare statements are hearsay and thus not admissible without something to prove them up.
The hospital charges are also hearsay and are not admissible without proving them up. These can be done through a deposition, a deposition on written questions, or a medical records affidavit pursuant to Texas Civil Practice and Remedies Code Sec. 18.001
No, Medicare statements aren't self authenticating and are, in fact, often considered "double hearsay" since they contain information both from Medicare and from the medical provider. I assume by "government document" you mean the public records exception and they don't meet that definition either.
What is the reason for introducing them? What are you trying to prove?
It's not designed to be entered into evidence. The cost of the equipment can be proven by a deposition or an medical records/charges affidavit from the provider. I've been involved in hundreds if not thousands of cases involving medical equipment and Medicare and never found it necessary or seen anyone else find it necessary to enter a Medicate statement into evidence.