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What a terrible situation you have found yourself in. I'm very sorry to hear about this.
Q) I want to know that I have a path for recourse either in a criminal way or civil way
The best way to get back at her is to win your trial. I love winning trials, if for no other reason, than to see the "victim's" bubble burst into a zillion pieces, right in front of the whole world to see. By that point, the victim/complaining witness has convinced herself that the accused (i.e. you) should pay with a pint of blood or a pound or flesh. How incredibly satisfying for a judge or jury to say, "Nope, not today. We just don't buy what you're saying..."
So, put your efforts 5000% into helping your attorney win your trial.Criminal charges
As far as criminal prosecution of this lady, keep in mind that it is the state (i.e. a law enforcement officer or a prosecutor) who initiates the case, not a "regular" person like you or me. It is doubtful that either would take out charges against her. They will probably see it as you "getting back" at her, etc., especially if you win at trial.
The only crime I can really think of would be something like filing a false police report. That's usually a misdemeanor. The state would have to prove that she knowingly told a lie to the police about something material and that she intended to mislead them. Perjury is also another theoretical possibility, since she will probably perjure herself while telling lies on the witness stand at your trial. But, I seriously doubt that the prosecutor will want to do a 180 degree about face after YOUR trial and start in on prosecuting her. It rarely happens that way.
So, as far as a criminal prosecution against her, it's a long shot, me thinks.Civil court
You might have more success on the civil side. You could possibly file a civil lawsuit for damages (i.e. money) for malicious prosecution. Malicious prosecution is making a claim against another person, either in civil or criminal court, based on falsehoods or with no good faith basis for pursuing the claim. The claim would be that she pursued a claim in a criminal case against you that she KNEW to be false but she did it anyway.
Listen to your attorney during your trial on the harassment charge. At the end of the prosecutor's case, your attorney will probably make a motion for a directed verdict. (Some states call it a motion for judgment, others, like where I practice, a motion to strike the evidence. I'm not sure what Colorado calls it.) This motion basically alleges that the prosecution has not put up sufficient evidence for the judge or jury to possibly conclude that you are guilty, or that the prosecutor has failed to provide evidence as to one or more elements of the crime you are charged with. If the judge denies the motion, i.e. you then have your turn at presenting evidence, testifying on your own behalf, etc., you would NOT have a claim in civil court for malicious prosecution. This is just one of the rules; if the case passes the directed verdict stage, it is very hard (but not impossible) to claim malicious prosecution.
You might also have a claim for defamation. Defamation means oral or written statements, published to another person or entity, which are false and which damage your reputation or moral regard in the community. A defense to defamation is the truth, and I'm sure she will stick to her guns and swear up and down that what she said in court or to the police, etc., is the truth.
Finally, some states still have a civil claim from jolly old England called "false light". I do not know about Colorado's status on this claim, although it may have done the same as most other states and rolled it into defamation law. False light is creating a negative impression to the community, even when the impression is not exactly completely false. I think of this as the reduced calorie version of defamation. But, as I said, it may not even exist anymore in Colorado.
I hope this discussion gives you some guidance on where to go from here. If you want to pursue a civil claim, your current attorney might be able to help, or you could hire someone else. You will need someone who works in the personal injury area of the law. As your current lawyer for a referral, or contact the Colorado State Bar Attorney Referral Service
and ask for help there. Just remember that civil claims usually have strict time deadlines, and if you do not consult an attorney soon after your criminal trial and get the process going, you might have any claims forever barred. Step 1: Win your criminal trial. Step 2: The day after you win, go see an attorney about making a civil claim!
Please indulge me with one final, parting thought. This whole business about the cop saying, "Come on down to the station so we can chat..." You are COMPLETELY correct in your assessment that the harassment issue was ALL he wanted to talk to you about. He knew the whole "dog poisoning" thing was going nowhere.
Your belief that if you just told the truth, everything would be fine, is very common with most people. After all, people who have nothing to hide should be able to talk freely, right? You are in good company. I cannot TELL you how many hundreds of clients I have had who believe this same thing. Life, at least at the police department suspect interrogation room, doesn't work that way.
What's done is done, and there is no going back in time. I'm simply suggesting that, in the future, if you ever encounter the police again and there is a possible, remote, theoretical, hypothetical chance that you might be prosecuted for something, exercise your 5th amendment right to remain silent and demand an attorney. I've rarely, if ever, had a client who spoke to the police and the statement wound up helping him. It's almost always the opposite.
None of this is to say that your case is lost. Much to the contrary, your attorney there in Colorado is best suited to assess your chances for success, and I'm very glad he is telling you he believes you have a strong chance at trial. I agree with his statement: concentrate on winning now. Worry about other stuff later.
Best of luck with your case. I sincerely XXXXX XXXXX goes well for you. Take care,