Sleep talking and sleep walking (Somnambulism), are termed as parasomnia events. These have a predilection for occurring during deep sleep, are known to occur during all stages of sleep, and are possible at any time during the night. They are classified as;
2) confusional arousals, and
3) sleep terrors.
Usually no treatment is required as it would abate on its own. Parasomnia can have undesirable events like;
1) motor (like walking)
2) verbal (talking)
3) experimental event.
If the events are not subsiding, following may need to be instituted;
2) Relaxation techniques
Please read about parasomnia in this resource;
These events come in the episodic form and sometimes there are periods of long absence of years with 2-3 days of sleep walking and again a long gap. Important point to understand are;
A. These are benign events and do not need treatment usually.
B. Following associated conditions should be ruled out;
1) Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
2) Sleep apnea
C. Adequate sleep of 8-9 hours should be assured if the events start happening.
D. Benzodiazepines, tricyclic antidepressants, and serotonin reuptake inhibitors medicines can be used if the events are recurring and frequent.
E. Parasomnias are not associated with any long-term sequelae.
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