How JustAnswer Works:
  • Ask an Expert
    Experts are full of valuable knowledge and are ready to help with any question. Credentials confirmed by a Fortune 500 verification firm.
  • Get a Professional Answer
    Via email, text message, or notification as you wait on our site. Ask follow up questions if you need to.
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee
    Rate the answer you receive.
Ask xavier Your Own Question
xavier, Attorney
Category: Estate Law
Satisfied Customers: 3400
Experience:  20+ years in probate, guardianships and conservatorships
Type Your Estate Law Question Here...
xavier is online now
A new question is answered every 9 seconds

Is there a statute of limitation for contesting a will in

Resolved Question:

Is there a statute of limitation for contesting a will in California ?
Submitted: 7 years ago.
Category: Estate Law
Expert:  xavier replied 7 years ago.

Thanks for using

When did the testator pass away?

Was an estate ever opened in court?


Customer: replied 7 years ago.
testator passed January 19,2003. No estate was opened in court.
Expert:  xavier replied 7 years ago.

Are you sure that there was a will?

What is the reason you want to contest the will?


Customer: replied 7 years ago.
Yea there was a will. I did not receive my share of estate.
Expert:  xavier replied 7 years ago.

Why was an estate never opened?

Who was the executor?

Have you seen the will?

Is there any specific reason that you have waited this long to claim your share?


Customer: replied 7 years ago.
Do not know why an estate was not opened. My brother was executor. I have seen the will.I Did not know there was a will until recently.
Expert:  xavier replied 7 years ago.

Thanks for the additional information.

California has no time limit to open an estate. And, not all property is considered part of a person's estate.

You need to speak to the person who was named executor of the estate and ask why an estate was never opened. You, as an "interested party" (beneficiary) have the right to know why you never received your share of the estate. There may be a valid reason. For example, your monetary portion may have been eaten up by creditors, taxes, etc. If you were left specific items, if the items no longer exist, then you cannot inherit them. For example, you were left a particular diamond ring. Prior to the death of the testator, s/he sold it. Therefore, it no longer exists and you cannot inherit another diamond ring in its place.

However, if you believe that there is money/property that should have been disbursed to you, you should contact a lawyer who specializes in probate law. Sometimes, an initial consultation is free. You, as an "interested party" ( a beneficiary) may be able to prepare necessary documents to open the estate.

If the executor didn't do hs/her job, the court may lower or deny compensation and can replace the personal representative with someone else. The personal representative may even have to pay for any damages s/he or she caused.

A personal representative may be held liable for:

  • improperly managing the assets of the estate,
  • failing to collect claims and money due the estate,
  • overpaying creditors,
  • selling an asset without the authority to do so, or at an inappropriate price,
  • not filing tax returns on time,
  • distributing property to the wrong beneficiaries, or
  • distributing property to beneficiaries before all creditors have been paid, etc.

Once the estate is opened, the judge may subpoena the Representative/Executor for testimony and documents as to why the estate was never opened, and what happened to the assets.

If the Executor/Representative still has the assets, or assets equal in value, it will be ordered by the judge that those assets be put back into probate, and distributed accordingly. If the assets are no longer there, or creditors were not paid, the executor may be subject to damages as set forth above.

Below is a link to a California Probate Court website that answers frequently asked questions on how to probate an estate.

Again, you may wish to consult a probate lawyer, discuss your options and decide how you should proceed.

I hope you find this information useful and that you PRESS THE GREEN ACCEPT BUTTON so that I can get credit for answering the question. Thank you.

xavier and 2 other Estate Law Specialists are ready to help you