Employment Law Questions? Ask an Employment Lawyer.
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Unfortunately, employment in the state of IL is "at will" absent an express agreement to the contrary. At will employment can be terminated for any reason not amounting to discrimination on the basis of a legally protected trait (race, religion, gender, etc.) or retaliation for engaging in certain forms of legally protected conduct (filing a wage claim, taking FMLA leave, etc.). It doesn't matter whether the basis for termination is fair, reasonable or even true. So, if you were terminated based on this false allegation that would not typically give rise to any legal claims.
You can certainly try to file a workers comp claim on the ground that the injury you suffered was triggered by a work event (workers comp, as you may know, only covers work-related injuries). However, I must warn you that you will probably face an uphill in terms of connecting the health event to your employer's conduct. Furthermore, the conduct generally must be deemed severe, sudden and shocking in order for workers comp to cover something that did not stem from a physical injury at work. A false allegation at work may not rise to the necessary level, but you can certainly still try filing.
You want to fill out this form and let your employer know in writing that you are filing a workers comp claim.
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