Employment Law Questions? Ask an Employment Lawyer.
Unfortunately, Florida does not have an agency that will collect past-due wages for you; most states do have such an agency. Thus, your only recourse is to sue in civil court for the past due balance. You should be successful if you have adequately tracked your work time and have proof of the underlying rate of pay (i.e., what the employer agreed to pay you). If the employer files bankruptcy, past due wages are not considered secure claims but they do get a preference among unsecured claims. In other words, debts for which the employer has put up collateral (like buildings, vehicles, machinery) will get paid off first, then your wages, then any other debt that is not collateralized.