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OSHA is responsible for investigating these claims and making a determination. OSHA has the option of representing the employee to obtain damages or the employee has the right to obtain a private attorney and file suit in civil court against the employer for the retaliation for them filing an OSHA complaint. You would first make your complaint with OSHA, then you can get a local employment discrimination attorney which is the type of attorney that handles whistleblower retaliation claims.
You file your complaint with OSHA through the US Department of Labor within 30 days of the action taken against you: https://www.osha.gov/whistleblower/WBComplaint.html
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Yes, you can file a separate suit against the employer for violating the 11C agreement, as that agreement is a binding contract. You sue the employer who made the agreement for the neutral referral for breach of contract and for providing the false referral. It can be filed in the local civil court or in the US District Court, since this was a settlement in a federal law matter, both courts have concurrent jurisdiction to enforce the agreement and penalize the employer for not honoring the settlement agreement.
I am afraid there is no state agency that would handle this, you have to sue the employer.
As far as the OSHA investigator, you can file a complaint against the investigator with Department of Labor Office of Inspector General: https://www.oig.dol.gov/contact.htm
The OIG handles complaints against OSHA employees who have violated rules and OSHA is not supposed to represent anyone, they are supposed to be neutral and such a post would not be neutrality.