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1. There is no federal or Missouri state law that requires either of those things. The only requirement is that, if an employer chooses to give unpaid lunch breaks
, the employee must be 100% relieved of work obligations during the break period.
2. There are no laws that regulate what chairs an employer must provide. However, see #3-4.
3. If an employee has a note from a doctor stating that the employee suffers from a medical condition involving back pain and that an additional cushion would ease the strain and allow the employee to continue working, then the Americans with Disabilities Act would require the employer to provide it. Giving an additional chair cushion (or even buying a new chair, if necessary) is considered a reasonable accommodation under the ADA
4. If an employee has documentation that he is suffering from carpal tunnel and or a disabling back condition as a result of his employment, the employee may file a claim under state workers compensation
statutes. An employer is required to pay for treatment and any lost wages
if an employee is unable to work due to work-related injuries. The employer may require that the employee provide documentation of the injuries.
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